Before you begin the story about this plant, it is useful to recall that the strawberries bred, often called strawberries, are not only not identical to domestic wild strawberries (strawberries), but are not their close relative. Ancestors of cultivated strawberries were North American species.
Wild strawberry is a short (up to 20 cm in height) perennial plant. Stem smooth, branched at the top.
Rhizome - oblique, short, fibrous, with additional thin root shoots. Depth go up to 25 cm.
The leaves are oval, trifoliate, smooth and dark green at the top, gray-green and fluffy bottom. Regarding the plants, they are quite large, not even at the edge.
The strawberry inflorescence is a multi-flowered or few-flowered shield. Located on long peduncles that depart from the root neck of the plant. The flowers are white, pink, red or yellowish with many pistils and petals. Flowers are large, insect-pollinated, bisexual, but there are specimens with same-sex flowers.
After the flowering period, fruits appear - false berries of red, pink, white, crimson or yellow flowers. Brown fruit, which ripens in the pulp of this berry, is considered a true fruit.
Places of growth
Due to its undemanding to environmental conditions and soil, wild strawberry has a fairly wide area of distribution. It grows: in the USA, Europe, Italy, Germany, Great Britain, Japan, North Africa, Canada, Bulgaria and many others. In Russia, it occurs practically throughout its territory. It prefers sunny forest areas and forest-steppe zones, also occurs in shady thickets and mountainous areas. It grows on hillsides, along rivers, meadows, on forest paths. Flowering plant occurs in early spring, fruits - from early to mid-summer.
The difference between strawberries and strawberries
The strawberry berries are smaller, have a smaller crop and ripen not as close to the soil as strawberries. With a botanical examination, one can discern that strawberry, unlike strawberry, is a dioecious plant (it has male and female bushes).
Preparation of raw materials
Berries are usually harvested only in the morning after the dew comes down, or at the end of the day when the heat recedes. These time intervals are due to the fact that the berries collected with dew or in the heat, quickly deteriorate. When collecting fruits, you should get rid of rotten, dirty, unripe berries and leaves. Before the main drying, the finished crop should be slightly dried over at a temperature of 25-30 ° C for 4-5 hours to evaporate moisture. Then the main drying is started at a temperature of 45-65 o C. The quality of the dried raw material is checked by compressing the obtained berries. With these manipulations, the fruits should crumble. At the exit, about 14-16% of the harvest from freshly harvested is lost. Dried strawberries can be stored for 2 years.
In addition to the fruits, the leaves of the plant are also harvested. Their collection begins during flowering. To do this, they are torn off with their hands or cut off with scissors, while leaving no more than 1 cm of the stem. Dry fresh leaves in a well-ventilated area or outdoors, stirring occasionally. When the stalks are easily broken when bent, the drying is considered complete. At the exit, approximately 20% of the harvest of fresh leaves is lost. Dried raw materials are stored no more than 1 year.
Botanical characteristics of wild strawberries
Wild strawberry is a perennial plant belonging to the Rosaceae family. The rhizome of the plant is horizontal and short, having numerous numerous roots. Leaves with long petioles begin at the top of the rhizome of strawberries. Above-ground shoots appear from the leaf axils of the plant, occurring in two types: vegetative and generative.
Vegetative shoots are called "whiskers" strawberries. They are long, creeping and rooting themselves. In the nodes of already rooted leaves form, from the sinuses of which both types of shoots appear. This is the way vegetative propagation of a plant - forest strawberry - occurs. Generative shoots end in inflorescence of several flowers. The height of each such shoot is about 25 cm.
Dark green leaves are oval-rhombic in shape and have a complex structure. Flowers of strawberry are located on long stalks. Strawberry fruit is a bright red berry with a pleasant aroma. In May, begins massive flowering plants, which lasts a whole month. However, there are plants that bloom a little later. Ripening occurs in June-July.
Strawberries can be seen in the European regions of Russia, Eurasia and in Western Siberia. This berry prefers to grow on the forest edges, glades, meadows, between shrubs and on the slopes of roads. And its abundant growth was noticed at the places of forest fires and deforestation. Thanks to its “mustache”, strawberries quickly and easily cover new areas.
Botanical characteristic of strawberry
Wild strawberry or common strawberry - Fragaria vesca L. is a perennial herb of the Rosaceae family (Rosaceae). The underground part of this plant is represented by a short oblique, rarely horizontal rhizome and numerous thin roots extending from it. From the top of the rhizome there are numerous leaves with very long petioles. From the sinuses of the leaves out of the ground shoots. They are of two types: generative and vegetative.
Generative shoots are from 8 to 25 cm high. Each such shoot ends with a few-flowered, corymbose inflorescence, at the base of which there is a verticil of small bracts.
Vegetative shoots (their name is "whiskers") are long, creeping, with a thread-like stem. They are able to take root. In the rooted nodes, a bundle of leaves grows, and from their sinuses later, above-ground generative and vegetative shoots appear. Thus, vegetative propagation of strawberries is carried out, which plays a leading role in the renewal and propagation of this plant, whereas seed reproduction does not differ in its effectiveness.
The leaves are trifoliate, complex. The leaves are oval-rhombic, dark green above, silky pubescent below, therefore bluish-green, middle leaf with short petiole, lateral sessile.
The flowers are equipped with long adpressed hair stalks. A cup of 5 green sepals, remaining with the fruits. In addition to the calyx, there is the so-called blessed of 5 leaflets, alternating with sepals. The corolla is white, 1.5-2 cm in diameter, of 5 round-ovate petals. Stamens and pistils numerous, almost the same length.
Mass flowering of strawberries occurs in May - June, but some plants bloom later. Fruits ripen in June - July. The fruit is a nutlet, and not what is commonly called a berry. In fact, the strawberry “berry” is, roughly speaking, an expanded receptacle, on which stamens and pistils were located in a flower. But on this fleshy formation are numerous small real fruits, nuts, immersed in the base of the pulp. The berries are bright red, with a pleasant aroma, easily separated from the cup. And the true fruits only prevent us from enjoying the taste of berries.
Forest strawberries are widely distributed in the European part of Russia and in Western Siberia, as well as in a number of foreign countries of Eurasia. It grows in clarified deciduous forests, on forest edges, clearings, among bushes, on meadows, along rail and highway slopes. Strawberry grows abundantly in clearings and forest fires. She quickly captures a new square thanks to her mustache.
In Eastern Siberia and the Far East, as well as in China and Mongolia, wild strawberries are replaced by a close species - eastern strawberries (Fragaria orientalis Losinsk.). The latter is morphologically little different from its close relative, therefore they are used in exactly the same way. Actually, only botanists know that, in the Baikal area, for example, we eat Eastern strawberries, and not the ordinary one that everyone knows so well in Moscow region.
Other related species of strawberry
Approximately the same economic importance as wild strawberry are two other wild-growing species of domestic strawberry growing in European Russia and Western Siberia: strawberry (strawberry) musk (Fragaria moschata Duch.) And strawberry (strawberry) green (Fragaria viridis Duch. ). They are noticeably different from wild strawberry morphologically: they have raspberry-colored berries, and the calyx is poorly separated from the berries, but this does not significantly affect their medicinal and nutritional properties.
Economic use of strawberries
Strawberries are primarily a wonderful food plant. The berries contain many sugars (mainly fructose and glucose), about 1.5% citric and malic acids, pectin and tannins, up to 50 mg of vitamin C (ascorbic acid), a lot of iron salts, calcium and other macro- and microelements, necessary for the body. In nuts, up to 1 9% of fatty oil accumulates. As a food product, strawberries have been used since ancient times. They are eaten fresh, processed into a variety of delicious foods: jam, jam, fruit juice, etc.
The fruits of strawberries are found in the remains of pile structures of an ancient man in Switzerland. In the Middle Ages it was cultivated in Europe. Documents show that 1,200 strawberry bushes were grown in the gardens of King Charles V. There is evidence of the cultivation of strawberries in the gardens of medieval grandees in many European countries. After the delivery of American large-fruited forms to the Old World, and especially after the emergence of a hybrid that marked the beginning of modern cultural strawberries, the cultivation of wild strawberries stopped. However, undoubtedly she participated in the creation of the so-called remontant strawberry varieties as one of the parental forms.
The leaves of wild strawberries along with inflorescences in Russian villages are dried and brewed instead of tea in winter.
Features harvesting strawberries
Harvest the leaves during the flowering period of the plant, tearing or cutting them with a knife or scissors. When collecting it is necessary to leave part of the leaves on the plant, which makes it possible to ripen the fruit. After collecting the leaves are quickly dried in the shade under the eaves. Raw materials should consist of preserved natural color of leaves without admixture of foreign plants or their parts. Berries are usually picked in the morning, when the dew comes down, or at the end of the day. Dry immediately after collection in the shade, in the air or in ovens at a temperature not higher than 40-50 ° C. Dried berries should be bright red, store them in dense packages for no more than 2-3 years.
Strawberry leaves collected during the budding and flowering plants. They are carefully torn off along with the petioles, tied up in bunches and suspended to dry in a place protected from direct sunlight. For home treatment, leaves are often harvested along with generative shoots, on which there are ovaries, and blossomed flowers, and fruits of different degrees of maturity. Do not throw away mustache from garden strawberries. Dry them. They will replace strawberry leaf for you.
The berries are also harvested by hand quite mature, without peduncles and calyx. They are very juicy, so they are dried in Russian stoves, ovens, dryers before they acquire flowability.
The medicinal value of strawberries and methods of therapeutic use
The medicinal properties of strawberries were first described by Apulei (circa 124 AD), although literary information about the therapeutic use of strawberries can be found in the ancient literature of Virgil and Ovid. A 16th century physician and botanist, Anjray Mattsoli, wrote about strawberries, that its berries, besides being used as food and delicacy, are beneficial to the bilious, feverish and suffering stomach, and quench thirst. Alcohol tincture of berries serves as an amazing remedy against sunburn and freckles on the face, as well as against cloudiness on the cornea. The leaves and roots of strawberries heal wounds and ulcers, stimulate urine and shorten the spleen. Rinsing the mouth with a decoction of strawberries strengthens the gums and loose teeth.
The list of permitted for medical use of medicinal plants included leaves of wild strawberry. In folk medicine, also used fruits.
By the accumulation of iron, calcium, folic acid (vitamin B9), vitamin E, it ranks first among the berries and fruits.
Infusions of leaves and herbs - a popular folk remedy for the prevention and treatment of colds. In scientific medicine, they are prescribed as a light diuretic, with stones in the liver and kidneys, as well as with beriberi. It was established experimentally that the infusion of leaves slightly reduces blood pressure, slows down the rhythm and increases the amplitude of contractions of the heart muscle, dilates blood vessels, and therefore is useful in the initial forms of hypertension. This medicine enhances the contraction of the muscles of the uterus and can be prescribed as an adjuvant for uterine bleeding.
Strawberries are of great dietary and therapeutic value. Fresh berries (and in the winter-spring period are dry, but soaked) are prescribed as a therapeutic agent for hypertension, atherosclerosis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, atonic constipation, gout and other disorders of salt metabolism in the body. They also, moreover, stimulate appetite and improve digestion.
Unfortunately, not everyone can eat a large amount of strawberries due to allergic reactions (urticaria, itching, angioedema, etc.). In such cases, strawberries should be taken metered - in small quantities, limited to strawberry juice, infusion or decoction of the leaves, or completely abandon its use.
Strawberries are used in cosmetics. Masks from their pulp are prescribed against the “aging” of the skin, they are part of the means to remove age spots and to fight acne on the face.
In folk medicine, strawberries are recommended for general loss of strength and anemia, they treat diarrhea in children.
Strawberry fruits have vitamin, hypotensive, antiallergic, urinary and choleretic, antithyroid (thyroid gland), normalizing metabolism (including diabetes mellitus) properties. Strawberries contribute to the excretion of cholesterol and toxins formed in the process of metabolism. Due to the rich content of vitamins and anthocyanin compounds, strawberries are also considered a means of protecting against radiation damage.
Juice from fresh berries is recommended to take on an empty stomach in violation of salt metabolism (osteochondrosis, exchange polyarthritis), gastritis with low acidity of gastric juice, cholecystitis, hemorrhoids, intestinal worm infestation (in large quantities with spicy food).
In Bulgarian folk medicine, a decoction of roots and leaves is used for sand and stones in the kidneys, bladder and biliary system, for allergic skin diseases, gout and as an emollient for inflammation of the bronchial tract.
In German folk medicine, infusion of leaves is used for diarrhea, liver disease, profuse night sweats, asthma, jaundice, edema, and rashes.
Those who suffer from gastrointestinal diseases should eat fresh berries in large quantities with milk, cream, sour cream and sugar. Give it to many children. Here's how to use strawberries "Domostroy":
"It would be good for her b milk to eat those children who do not sleep,
It is good from colic and those whose eyes are festering. ”
As M.A. Nosal wrote, strawberries should not be considered indulgence or luxury, but should be considered a necessity, like bread, cereal, potatoes.
A decoction of leaves and roots is recommended for diseases of the urogenital system, cholelithiasis, hepatitis, biliary dyskinesia, pulmonary tuberculosis, malignant tumors, psoriasis. It is believed that the beneficial effect of strawberry leaf decoction and roots is due to the introduction of biogenic plant stimulants into the body.
Infusion of a mixture of leaves and roots:
1 tablespoon of the mixture pour 2 cups of cold water, insist 6-8 hours, drain. Take half a cup daily.
For gallstone disease
And with a stone handle.
You drink it in winter
Yea pebble expel.
Take 3-5 glasses of berries daily throughout the season (that is, 3 weeks). Well helps with inflammatory processes of the urogenital system for a long time.
Brew one tablespoon of the mixture of berries and leaves with 1 cup of boiling water, leave for 20 minutes, drain. Take 1 / 2-1 glass infusion 3 times a day with a tendency to stone formation.
Urolithiasis, kidney diseases are treated with infusion from the collection:
Strawberry berries - 4 parts, nettle leaf - 3 parts, horsetail grass - 3 parts, rosehips - 4 parts, birch buds - 3 parts.
Two tablespoons of the mixture pour 1 cup boiling water, insist on a water bath for 30 minutes. or in a thermos for 1 hour. Take 1 glass 3 times a day for an hour before meals.
To lower blood sugar, it is recommended to eat 2 to 3 teaspoons a day of wild strawberries. Strawberries are also recommended as antihelminthic. To this end, they should be taken with spicy food up to 3 kg per day.
Forest strawberry leaves are used for enemas and washes for hemorrhoids.
Brew one tablespoon of crushed strawberry leaves with 1 cup boiling water, leave for 20 minutes, drain and cool.
Strawberry leaf - 1 part, peppermint - 0.5 parts.
One tablespoon with top pour 200 ml of boiling water, close, insist 30 minutes., Decant. This decoction can be used for enemas.
With excessive menstruation or diseases of the female genital organs.
One tablespoon of leaves pour 2 cups of cold boiled water, leave for 6-8 hours (or boil for 30 minutes), drain. Take half a cup of infusion daily.
Brew one tablespoon of crushed leaves with 1 cup of boiling water, leave for 30 minutes, strain. Take 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day.
Strawberry leaf - 3 parts, violet flowers tricolor - 2 parts, thyme grass - 1 part, the herb St. John's wort - 1 part. One tablespoon of the collection pour 300 ml of boiling water, close, insist 40 minutes., Drink in two doses, morning and evening. You can also add 100 ml of boiled water and use for washing.
Toothache - Teeth Care
So that the teeth do not hurt
Yes, they had a nice color,
Do not wait when they get sick,
Prepare a decoction for the guys.
Strawberry leaf - 2 tablespoons, mint - 1 tsp. Two tablespoons of strawberries pour 200 ml of boiling water, then add 1 teaspoon of mint and leave for 5-7 minutes, decant. You can rinse your mouth, better slowly to drink a warm broth in one step.
Strawberry leaf - 2 tablespoons, chamomile - 1 tablespoon, flowers of mullein - 1 teaspoon. Collection pour 400 ml of boiling water, close and insist 5-7 minutes., Strain. You can drink warm or rinse your mouth with toothache.
It is believed that fresh strawberries contribute to the resorption of tartar.
When gout, salt deposition, metabolic disorders, when strawberries ripen, it is recommended to eat it fresh daily in large quantities throughout the season.
The leaves of wild strawberry - 40 g, creeping thyme grass, lemon balm leaves, arboreal grass fragrant to 20 g. One tablespoon of the mixture per 1 cup of boiling water. Drink 2 - 3 glasses a day.
Eczema is treated with fresh strawberry juice lotion.
Out of the gruel of crushed berries make compresses on the affected places.
Forest strawberry leaf - 5 parts, Hypericum flowers - 3 parts, horse sorrel - 3 parts, walnut leaf - 4 parts. Two tablespoons of the collection pour 150 ml of boiling water, close, insist 2 hours, drain. To make compresses, wash the ulcers, poorly healing wounds. The napkin soaked in the infusion can be applied to the wound and left overnight.
Fresh and dry steamed leaves, attached to purulent wounds and old ulcers, cleanse them of pus well and promote faster healing.
One tablespoon of leaves pour 2 cups of water, boil up to 1 hour (or insist), drink half a cup daily and make lotions, compresses on the affected skin.
One teaspoon of crushed leaves insist 4 hours in 1 cup boiling water, strain. Take 1-2 tablespoons 3-4 times a day.
Folk healers recommend drinking half a glass of fresh or dried berries in the morning or at night (2 tablespoons per 1 cup of boiling water) for a cold.
Children over 1 year old who have a predisposition to allergies are given 0.5 cups of strawberry tea per day or 1 teaspoon of decoction 2-3 times a day. The broth is prepared as follows: 200 g of dry leaves pour 400 ml of water and boil until half the liquid remains - 200 ml.
Our ancestors long before the patented American chewing agents had known hygienic skills. They knew, for example, that infusion of strawberry leaves (1 tablespoon per 1 cup of boiling water) can perfectly freshen the oral cavity.
And with the same water as your mouth with a swab and throat,
And so is every kind of sickness and throat,
And the stinking spirit that comes from dental pains will bring,
And this throaty uymet.
In throat cancer, a decoction of leaves (1 tablespoon for 2 cups of water, boiled for an hour), taken 6 times a day, 2-3 tablespoons, has a positive effect on the disease, of course, in combination with other methods - radiation, surgery.
To strengthen the body after a serious illness, we can recommend this popular recipe:
5 tablespoons of chopped strawberry leaves mixed with 5 tablespoons of chopped rosemary, pour 1 l of dry red wine, leave for 20 days, drain, sweeten with honey. Drink throughout the day as desired.
The main thing in forest tea is not taste, not flavor. It has no caffeine, nerves. But in herbs a lot of biologically active substances: vitamins, enzymes, trace elements, phytoncides, organic acids, pectins and other substances that have a beneficial effect on the human body. The German scientist M. Platein pointed out in the book “A New Method of Treatment” at the beginning of the last century: “You can make a drink from a mixture of three varieties of leaves (strawberries, blackberries and woodsmith) that will not yield to Chinese tea in taste and aroma.” The more diverse the composition of floral tea, the healthier it is. It has been established that tea made from strawberry leaves has a beneficial effect on the heart, slows the pulse, strengthens the amplitude of heart contractions, dilates blood vessels, reduces the amount of uric acid and its salts in the body. It is better to take the autumn, reddened leaves, then the fat will be thicker in color, softer in flavor. It is believed that strawberry regulates the body's metabolism, has anti-sclerotic effect and improves blood composition. Strawberry leaf - 1 part, blackberry leaf - 1 part, raspberry leaf - 1 part, fireweed leaf - 1 part, black currant leaf - 0.3 parts, St. John's wort flowers - 1 part, thyme grass - 0.1— 0.2 parts .
The drink is pleasant, has a rich flavor bouquet, very fragrant. Preparation: 2 tablespoons of 0.5 liters of boiling water, 5 minutes. boil, 40-60 min. insist.
Dried strawberry plant, torn in the flowering state - 3 parts, blackberry leaves - 2 parts, rosehips - 2-3 parts.
Dry and fresh fruits can be added to strawberry teas.
In our country, there are hundreds of plants from which you can cook infiltration, these include strawberries. Combined infusions have the best "bouquet", a large set of vitamins, enzymes, a wider range of physiological effects.
The rate of welding each sets itself. But the rules of welding are as follows: chopped fruits are poured with cold water. Bring to a boil, boil for 3-5 minutes, then add the leaves and remove from the heat. Swarms insist in porcelain or enamel pot. Try herbal infusions and maybe you will give up traditional teas.
For the preparation of high-quality juice suitable varieties with fragrant dark-colored fruits. Berries with tender and light pulp are not suitable for juice.
To get the berries, the berries are put in a juice pot (you can pre-crush them with a wooden pestle), the juice cooker is well heated to obtain a clear juice. They are filled with containers (right under the neck) directly from the juicer. Bottles or banks hermetically closed and sealed in paper, a warm blanket until the morning.
Strawberry juice with pulp is a useful and high-quality product. It is obtained by using a juicer or by scalding for a couple and further rubbing the berries through a sieve. After placing the mass in the storage tank, it is subjected to heat treatment. Add sugar if desired.
At all times, women want to look attractive. Strawberries are an excellent tool to help maintain the health and youth of your skin. We recommend strawberry oil, which can be prepared at home:
Boil 1 tablespoonful of strawberries with 100 g of unrefined vegetable oil in a water bath for 30 minutes, then leave for 4 hours in a warm place, drain. It is best to apply the prepared oil overnight, moisturize and soak the skin of the face for 20 minutes, remove the remaining oil before bedtime with a paper napkin.
For dry skin, add aloe juice to strawberry juice, and for normal and oily skin, juice from raspberry or parsley leaves. Boil it all together. Wipe your face with a cotton swab, better at night.
Contraindications. Strawberries are not recommended during pregnancy. In some people, it causes idiosyncrasy (an organism reaction similar to allergies).
Strawberries are a gift from God.
That's why she is called “God's gift”
What people are given for nothing ...
... Eat until the "gift of God" century.
Send the guys, let them eat,
But do not be pity
And on the winter store.
And you are responsible for her, -
On your shoulders are both husband and children
And clothes, and food,
Joy, grief and trouble.
And you avoid trouble,
Friends with the forest,
Then they are called "God's gift"
At the smart hostess remains.
In the winter, you will give a handful of chewing -
Children do not know cold.
Jam pies are baked -
Good mistress proshlyvesh.
And on New Year's Eve
Together with cat grass (Mint)
A bag of "God's gift" luggage
Yes with presents
By his neighbors,
They will chew berries
Yes, good to remember you.
Don’t tear much,
Keep no more than a year.
Love the "gift of God" and love,
Not only berries but flowers,
But the leaves and roots.
Collect everything as it is,
One hundred years you will live.
If the broth leaves you drink.
The ancient “Medical treatment of many wise men about various medical means that promote human health” in the section “On waters from reused herbs” contains the following generalized recommendation:
About infusion of strawberries:
An infusion of strawberry berries is taken in the morning and evening, mixed with ordinary drink, thereby removing any harmful Phlegm from the body and will cause terrible pain from the liver and yellowness from the body and remove the chest and breathing veins, heart and strength. will give, and expel the stone from the inside, and brings great benefits to lepers, the same infusion expels unclean blood, from which a bloody ulcer arises ... The infusion from strawberry berries is prepared in a different way: some infusion from those berries are prepared without fire, they take strawberry berries and mix ivayut them with salt, while others take those berries and placed in a glass jar and tightly wrapped, in the manure buried deep, and be so in manure 8 days, and the berries are turned into the infusion.
According to Raphael, strawberries are ruled by the Sun and is healing for those born under the sign of Leo.
Forest strawberry is considered to be a multivitamin remedy. Since berries and leaves are used as medicines, the chemical composition can be considered separately for each part of the plant.
- Minerals: magnesium, copper, iron, phosphorus, calcium, cobalt, potassium, manganese, sodium.
- Vitamins: groups B (B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B9), C, E, PP.
- Organic acids: malic, ascorbic, quinic, citric, salicylic.
- Alimentary fiber.
- Fruit sugars: glucose, fructose.
- Essential oils.
The roots of the plant are also used as a therapeutic raw material due to the high content of tannin in their composition.
In addition to its taste, the fruits of the plant help to cope with a number of diseases, thanks to its healing properties:
- Eating fresh fruit prevents the development of atherosclerosis, stabilizes blood pressure.
- Strawberries are used to treat anemia.
- Berries contribute to the restoration of work and endurance of the main organ of the person - the heart.
- Fruits are also used to lower blood sugar levels. For people with diabetes, these berries are a dietary product, an indispensable complex and slowly absorbed carbohydrates.
- Forest strawberries are used as a therapeutic tool for removing worms and relieving hemorrhoid symptoms.
- Eating fresh berries eliminates bad breath and helps to get rid of the formed stone deposits on the teeth.
- Fresh fruits as a face mask are used to rejuvenate the skin, get rid of pigmentation and acne.
- Juice of wild strawberry helps to normalize the work of the intestine, the digestive process and helps with constipation. It can also be used in a complex for the treatment of inflammation of the biliary tract, gastritis, colitis.
- A decoction of the fruits of strawberries is a good diuretic. This drink improves kidney function and removes toxic substances, which is especially useful for gout and cystitis.
- Fresh fruits increase the body's defenses, which is especially good during the period of colds.
- For diseases of the oral cavity, as well as pharyngitis, tonsillitis and other diseases of the throat, infusion or tea from fresh or dried fruits of wild strawberry are recommended.
The leaves and flowers of wild strawberries also have healing properties and are used as infusions and decoctions:
- For general health purposes.
- For gout, uterine fibroids, metabolic disorders and infectious diseases of the lungs, juice from leaves and flowers is used.
- For the treatment of cracks, wounds, various skin diseases.
- To get rid of constipation and relieve spasms of internal organs use a decoction of flowers. And also as a diuretic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic.
- As a therapy for diseases of the respiratory system, joints, neurosis.
Medicinal properties and contraindications
As a medical raw material used all parts of the plant. Having a fairly rich chemical composition, wild strawberries have the following properties:
- wound healing.
The leaves of the plant are characterized by healing properties:
- against sclerotic,
The roots of the plant are used in gynecological diseases (uterine fibroids, uterine bleeding, white blood, heavy menstruation) as a hemostatic and astringent. A decoction of the roots is recommended for the removal of toxins and salts, as well as for the purification of blood.
The useful and medicinal properties of the berries are amazing, but do not forget that everything is good in moderation and even a very useful product may have some contraindications:
- It is not recommended to use wild strawberry with individual intolerance and allergic reactions.
- It is necessary to refrain from taking berries with high acidity and gastric or duodenal ulcer.
- With caution enter the reception of strawberries in the diet of children under 3 years old and take it to pregnant women.
- The use of strawberry in large quantities is contraindicated, as it can cause skin redness, itching, rash, urticaria.
Forest strawberries are used both externally and inward, making sure there are no contraindications. Consider a few recipes for the preparation of cosmetics and medicinal products on a strawberry basis:
- Mask for the face. Fresh fruits of wild strawberry grind and mix with 1 tbsp. l fat cream Apply to cleansed face for 20-3 minutes. Wash off with warm water. This mask has brightening and rejuvenating properties.
- Face lotion A glass of berries pour 300 ml of vodka. Insist in a dark place for a month, shaking from time to time. Strain and store in the refrigerator. Before use, dilute with water in a 1: 1 ratio.
- Tincture of the berries. Grind 4 tbsp. l fresh strawberries and pour 400 ml of cold water. Leave for about 60 minutes and strain. Apply as a gargle for a sore throat.
- Tincture of flowers. 1 teaspoon of dried flowers pour a glass of hot water. Leave for 5-6 hours. The resulting drink filter. Consume with diseases of the cardiovascular system of 2 tbsp. l 3-4 times a day.
- Decoction. In a container with 0.5 liters of water add 20 g of leaves of wild strawberry. Boil for about 10 minutes on low heat. Allow to cool, strain and use 3 times a day for 100-150 ml. It is recommended for weak hematopoiesis and to increase immunity.
- Tea. Chopped dried leaves pour 250 ml of hot water. Let it stand and take 0.5-1 glass per day. This drink relieves puffiness, improves blood formation, fights cold.
Wild strawberry It grows in the European part of Russia, Siberia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, in the Caucasus.
Habitat. Typical habitats are light sparse forests, edges, meadows and clearings, forest meadows, thickets of shrubs and ashes.
Wild strawberry. Teberdinsky reserve. In the forests and forest glades, 1300-2500 m above sea level. Everywhere.
It is better to multiply the strawberry mustache - horizontal, creeping shoots. As seedlings, they use shorter and rosette-separated sockets, which are dug out at the end of August. Sockets are planted on a plot according to the scheme 30x30x50 cm, i.e. in rows with a distance from one bush to another 30 cm, the distance between the rows is 50 cm. Planted plants are planted so that the apical shoots of the shoots are above the soil surface and the root the system was well placed in the hole. After planting, the plants are well watered and repeated watering in the next 6-7 days, and then mulch
Use in medicine. The nutritional and medicinal value of strawberries has been known for a long time. In folk medicine, strawberry was used in diseases of the heart, kidneys, joints and other organs. Currently, fresh juice from berries, used on an empty stomach, and water decoction in the treatment of atherosclerosis, hypertension, neurasthenia, gastric ulcer, etc., are very popular.
However, you need to know that in large quantities of strawberries can cause allergic reactions.
In medicine, strawberry fruits are recommended as a remedy for hypertension, atherosclerosis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, gout and other disorders of salt metabolism in the body.
Recently used floral herbal teas, which have a tonic, anti-sclerotic, hematopoietic action. This tea is obtained by brewing dried leaves of strawberries, blackberries, raspberries, linden flowers and St. John's wort, thyme herbs.
Useful properties of strawberries
Strawberries are a berry that is in the first place among all the contents of iron, vitamin E, folic acid and calcium. The leaves and roots of strawberries are rich in tannins, alkaloids and essential oils. Strawberry tea helps in inflammation of the mucous membrane. In addition, the leaves and rhizome of strawberries have a diuretic effect, heal wounds, heal ulcers and shorten the spleen. Loose teeth and weak gums can be strengthened by rinsing decoction of strawberries.
Strawberries are also beneficial for the human body. The fruits of the plant contain trace elements, sugars, pectins, acids, fiber, vitamins and essential oils. They not only improve the appetite, but also contribute to the normalization of digestion.
Growing and caring for strawberries
This berry prefers light and sunny areas with loose soil. For the cultivation of wild strawberries are better suited smooth surface. Before planting strawberries need to prepare the soil, namely, dig, fertilize and remove weeds. The soil already used in recent times is a very good option for planting strawberries. For example, after the harvested radish in its place, you can plant strawberries with peace of mind, only having made the compost. A year after planting, it will be very good to add ash to the soil.
Seedlings of strawberries are planted at a distance of 30 cm from each other. And many gardeners like a different way of planting strawberries. This method involves planting bushes and plants for a year do not do anything with them. During the ripening of the berries, weak and lifeless sockets are removed with secateurs or scissors.
Leaving Over the summer, the plant formed "mustache". In order that nutrients do not go on the growth of these "whiskers", they need to be removed, and then all substances will go to the ripening of the berries of the plant. Strawberries need timely weeding. She especially needs weeding after rain. Mulching with straw also will not be superfluous for the plant, on the contrary, it will not pollute the strawberries, retain moisture and protect against diseases. Strawberries need to be watered regularly, and it is desirable that the water was warm. The plant can not be transplanted to another location 5, or even 6 years.
Application of wild strawberry
For medicinal purposes, use berries, roots and leaves of strawberry. Fresh strawberries help with atherosclerosis, neurasthenia, stomach ulcer and insomnia. Fresh berries are also used for urolithiasis, gout, and liver and spleen diseases. Broths and infusions of strawberry leaves are used by folk healers for rickets, gout, colitis, jaundice, diabetes and bronchitis. Rash, lichen and acne can be removed with a compress on a decoction of strawberry leaves.
An infusion of herbs and leaves of the plant is an excellent means of warning and treating a cold. The infusion of strawberry leaves is very useful in the initial stages of hypertension, as it dilates the blood vessels and slows down the rhythm of heart contractions.
Strawberry berries help rejuvenate, cure diarrhea in children and help with anemia. The fruits of this plant have a vitamin and anti-allergic effect, have choleretic and diuretic properties. In addition, these berries can normalize metabolism. Due to the properties of strawberries, toxins and cholesterol are eliminated from the body. Strawberries contain vitamins with various anthocyanin compounds, thanks to which the plant protects against radiation.
Infusion of collecting herbs for urolithiasis. To make it, take 40 grams of strawberries, 30 grams of nettle leaves, 30 grams of horsetail grass, 40 grams of rose hips and 30 grams of birch buds. Now take 2 tablespoons of the finished collection and fill them with 200 ml of boiling water. We put the composition in a water bath for half an hour. After the water bath, the ready infusion is poured into a thermos and left for an hour. Take this medicine 200 ml three times a day for an hour before meals.
Broth strawberries mouthwash toothache. To prepare it, take 2 tablespoons of strawberry leaves and 1 teaspoon of mint, mix them and pour them with a glass of boiling water. Leave the product for 5 minutes to insist, and then do not forget to drink it. Rinse your mouth with a decoction for toothache several times a day. Broth for rinsing should be used in the form of heat.
Broth strawberries with hemorrhoids. To prepare it, you need to take 1 teaspoon of the leaves of the plant (pre-crushed) and pour 100 ml of boiling water over it. Leave it all for 20 minutes and strain. This decoction makes enemas and washes with hemorrhoids.
Dry or fresh steamed leaves of the plant are applied to purulent wounds or old ulcers. Leaves relieve wounds from pus and lead to faster healing of injuries.
Decoction of strawberries tonic. Taking 200 grams of dried fruits of strawberries, they poured two liters of boiling water. Then put everything on a low fire for 10 minutes. After removing from heat, leave the broth to brew for 2 hours. Strain the resulting product. Take it 100-200 ml three to five times a day.
Vitamins and chemical composition of wild strawberry
In the most used organ of strawberry forest - an expanded receptacle, contains a large variety of vitamins and minerals that have a beneficial effect on the human condition.
The ripe and fresh forest strawberry fruits contain: vitamins A, C, E, PP, vitamins of group B, malic, ascorbic, folic, quinic, citric, salicylic acids, carotene, tannins, pectin compounds, fructose, glucose, macro and trace elements (phosphorus, iron, manganese, copper, potassium, calcium), and fiber (dietary fiber).
Despite the huge amount of nutrients, wild strawberry is one of the lowest-calorie berries - 100 grams contains 30-35 calories per 100 grams. If there is a strawberry without sugar, then this tasty delicacy will not damage the figure.
The leaves of wild strawberry contain carotene, ascorbic acid, tannins, alkaloids, flavonoids, polysaccharides. And when extracting from the leaves of wild strawberry, the essential oil is obtained, which is widely used in aromatherapy.
The roots of this berry are rich in tannin. Thus, the whole plant, including both leaves, and roots, and berries, is rich in nutrients - vitamins, minerals, and valuable organic compounds.
Useful and healing properties of wild strawberry
Since ancient times, wild strawberry is famous for its beneficial healing properties. Berries and green leaves of this plant are used as an immunological, anti-inflammatory, bactericidal, tonic, tonic, means. Strawberry berries are useful for both adults and children, and the presence of folic acid in its composition allows us to talk about the benefits of this berry for pregnant women. Ripe wild strawberries fill the vital energy, add strength, strengthen the nervous system.
The general list of useful properties of wild strawberries include:
- beneficial effects on the human digestive system, increased appetite,
- health effects of the body, in particular the prevention of signs of old age,
- prevention and inhibition of oncological processes in the body,
- enriching the body with vitamins and minerals
- positive effect on the cardiovascular system
- cleansing the body of harmful toxins,
- cosmetology action when applied externally.
Useful properties of roots of wild strawberry
- The use of the decoction of the roots of this plant helps cleanse the body of toxins and toxins.
- The roots of strawberries help with disorders of the stomach and intestines, have a positive effect on the liver and kidneys.
- Infusion of roots of strawberry has the property of thickening and restoring blood, so it is used in the treatment of gynecological diseases - belyah, uterine fibroids, excessive bleeding.
Useful properties of wild strawberry leaves
- Drinks made from strawberry leaves (infusion, tea, added to fruit juice or herbal tea) not only give it a pleasant, specific aroma, but are a good remedy for treating colds, sore throats, and coughing.
- Infusion of the leaves has a vasodilating effect, so it is used to lower blood pressure, and enhance heart rhythm.
- Used to prevent sclerotic disease.
- Fresh leaves of wild strawberry have anti-inflammatory effects, as well as promote wound healing. They are used externally for various skin lesions, hemorrhoids.
Harvesting, harvesting and storage of wild strawberries
The berries are harvested during the period of their full ripeness, and it is most useful to eat fresh when eaten. To save the berries for the winter, and not lose their beneficial properties, it is best to freeze or dry ripe berries. However, among the people, another way of preparing this delicious berry is more popular - rubbing it with sugar or making jam. In this form, there are almost no vitamins and beneficial properties of strawberries, but the taste and aroma of this jam will not leave you indifferent.
In the spring, during flowering, the leaves and roots of wild strawberries are collected. Roots can also be collected in the fall.
For harvesting leaves and roots of wild strawberries, they are subjected to drying. You can dry the leaves in an electric dryer, oven, or in the sun in clear weather. Before drying, the roots are thoroughly washed, wiped, and cut into small pieces. Drying them should be avoiding direct sunlight in a ventilated room.
Dried berries, leaves and roots are stored in paper or cloth bags away from moisture.