Dyspeptic disorders in humans, and even more so in children whose digestive system is at the stage of formation, are not uncommon. These are disorders that, from the point of view of pathological physiology, are characterized by disruption of the organs of the digestive tract.
The most dangerous manifestations of dyspepsia in young children, when dehydration occurs quickly and entails irreversible processes.
Causes of dyspepsia in children
Changes in the work of the digestive system may occur at any time. The reasons for the formation of dyspepsia are as a complete transition to artificial feeding, and supplements with new ingredients. Dyspeptic syndrome occurs against the background of the unavailability of the enzymatic system to digest the introduced products.
Intestinal infections (salmonellosis, E. coli) are considered another negative factor. In this case, severe pain in the abdomen, and this is noticeable even in very young children.
At an older age, the problem may occur against the background of overeating of a product that is not intended for baby food (smoked foods, sugary drinks, confectionery, fried gastronomic products).
Individual genetic features of the anatomy of the gastrointestinal tract, nervous and enzymatic systems can also be the cause of frequent problems with the digestive processes.
Classification of pathology
No matter how experts tried to classify this problem, it should be understood that this is not a diagnosis yet, but only a set of symptoms indicating pathology.
Dyspepsia can be divided into several types:
- Alimentary dyspepsia in children. Such a disorder is associated with the consumption of new products for which the enzyme system has not yet been prepared. This species is most common in the period of rapid transition to supplements.
- Toxic. Observed with the development of conditionally pathogenic (Escherichia coli) and pathogenic (Salmonella, Shigella) microflora, with a decrease in the resistance of the whole organism (decreased immunity). Toxic dyspepsia in young children proceeds quickly and requires urgent intervention by a specialist.
- Fermentation. In the intestine microflora develops, which emits gases (fermentation process). Fermentation dyspepsia in a child arises due to the consumption of excessively carbohydrate foods. Newborns suffer from ventricular overflow and delayed removal of its contents into the intestines.
- Putrid. Appears when excessive overflow and compaction of the intestinal contents (the so-called "blockage"). In this case, the chyme (the contents of the intestines) can not get out in a timely manner and creates a favorable environment for the development of putrefactive microflora. Signs of putrid dyspepsia can be severe abdominal pain and fetid odor of feces.
- Organic. So called pathology with established chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (ulcer, pancreatitis, cholecystitis, etc.).
Symptoms of dyspeptic phenomena in children
Simple dyspepsia in children is manifested by more frequent bowel movements, up to 4 times a day. Complaints of abdominal pain or discomfort may be absent. It is preceded by a phenomenon of decreased appetite, belching, regurgitation, lethargy. After 1-2 days, the stool becomes cuspy or liquid.
Frustration at representatives of younger group are shown quicker. They are characterized by the following manifestations:
- liquid stool will be observed already on the 3-4 act of defecation,
- precedes the discharge of colic, the baby shakes its legs and cries, it is possible the release of gases with feces,
- the nature of the feces varies from homogeneous to comic with admixtures of mucus, flakes, blood,
- fecal masses acquire different shades: from milky white to dark brown,
- upon examination, a swelling in the area below the ribs can be detected,
- listening to the abdomen easily reveal the sounds of splashing, squishing, bubbling.
Nausea, vomiting, frequent, indomitable or intermittent - these are the symptoms that accompany the toxic form of pathology. Sometimes it is clearly felt that the baby is hot. Antipyretic drugs should appoint a doctor after a thorough examination.
Acute abdominal pains can alternate with aching ones. Appetite is completely absent.
Dyspepsia in a young child is accompanied by rapid saturation, overflow of the stomach, which entails a refusal to eat.
Diagnosis and treatment of dyspepsia in children
For diagnosis, an examination at a pediatrician with anamnesis, general laboratory tests are necessary. If necessary, additional tests are carried out: ultrasound, bacteriological culture of feces, research of feces on helminth eggs and others.
Treatment of mild forms of dyspeptic disorders in children is carried out at home, on an outpatient basis. At suspicion on intestinal infections (salmonella, etc.) hospitalization is necessary.
Revising the diet is the basis of therapy. Check everything for freshness and goodness. Do not feed your baby foods that are not intended for baby food.
Infants immediately reduce the dose while feeding. To this end, 1-2 feedings are replaced with water or glucose-salt mixture.
In the diet of children are introduced mucous broths: oatmeal, sour. The use of fermented milk products with live microflora (bifidobacteria and lactobacilli) also has a positive effect.
Diagnosis and treatment of dyspepsia in children are carried out only under the supervision of a qualified specialist.
Therapy may include enzyme preparations (pancreatin), sorbents (activated carbon), antispasmodics (for pain relief), antibiotics (to destroy putrefactive microflora).
Pathology treatment cannot be carried out without controlling the quality and quantity of food consumed. The multiplicity of methods, the composition of the diet is determined by the doctor after the examination and the exact diagnosis.
Exclude from the menu fried, fat, confectionery and semi-finished products of factory production. The diet should contain natural fermented milk products, cereals, vegetables and fruits. Prefer low-fat meats and fish.
The diet, as a rule, lasts longer than the treatment, and it is necessary to transfer the patient to the common table only as directed by the doctor.
Types of dyspepsia
Depending on the cause, the disease is divided into the following types:
- fermentation dyspepsia in children - the cause is the child’s excessive consumption of carbohydrates and fermentation drinks. Especially a lot of carbohydrates are in the potatoes, which are so fond of children (french fries), as well as in flour products, pasta, for example.
- putrid dyspepsia in children. Excess protein in the diet provokes exactly the putrid kind of disease. Eating large quantities of lamb and pork, which is processed for a very long time by the digestive system, may well provoke the appearance of putrefactive dyspepsia. That is, the products do not have time to digest, and the putrefactive process occurs in the body. The same is observed when eating stale meat.
- fatty dyspepsia. Refractory and slowly digested fats strongly contribute to the emergence of this ailment.
Two main types of illness
It can be simple and toxic dyspepsia. The difference is that simple dyspepsia in children is when the organs of the digestive system are affected, and in the second case the metabolism is disturbed. Toxic type is a great danger to the child, as it quickly spreads through the body, touching other organs.
The most common cause of such a disease is the failure to follow a tea-and-tea diet, which is prescribed to young children, or trivially insufficient fluid intake by the baby. Premature babies, children with rickets and dystrophy often suffer from toxic dyspepsia.
Options for functional dyspepsia in children
Like any other disease, functional dyspepsia in children carries a threat to overall health. Constant relapses adversely affect the work of the digestive system, there may be associated diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, doctors call dyspepsia chronic gastritis, and this can eventually develop into an ulcer. Also, due to the constant dyspepsia, the child’s immunity is weakened as a whole, as the disease debilitates the body.
There are three options for functional dyspepsia, with each of which we will acquaint you.
It is characterized by pain in the epigastric region. As a rule, they occur after eating, especially acute after overeating. Also, the symptoms of the disease are felt after taking medications intended for the treatment of acid-dependent diseases of the digestive system.
What happens to a child with functional dyspepsia
The gastrointestinal tract suffers a major change, namely:
- violation of motor function of the stomach,
- weakening the work of the digestive system,
- from the duodenum, food, almost in undigested form, enters the stomach,
- insufficient work of the stomach during the digestion of food.
This disease is easily confused with another. We provide a list of symptoms that are NOT characteristic of functional dyspepsia:
- unconventional and inappropriate behavior of the child during the next attack,
- awakening at night due to severe pain or insomnia for this reason,
- joint pain,
- irradiation of pain.
If your baby has any of these symptoms, it is most likely not functional dyspepsia, or the disease has merged with another. In any case, you should immediately go to the hospital.
Dyspepsia in young children is often acute. It appears due to the inconsistency of the volume and composition of the food consumed by the baby to the physiological capabilities of his digestive system. Signs of acute dyspepsia:
- loose stools, sometimes with mucus,
- slow growth
The main method of struggle in case your baby has acute dyspepsia is food unloading - you need to skip 1-2 feedings, replacing food with liquid.
How to cure
The first thing that needs to be clarified is that treatment should begin immediately, and before this seek medical help. Perhaps herbal decoctions and do not harm the child, but if they do not bring benefit, it will be just a waste of time in which the disease will have time to develop.
Since the problems relate to the digestive system, we start with the nutrition of the child. As a rule, an abnormal diet is the result of a poor lifestyle. When a baby has low activity, he rarely wants to eat, the whole body suffers from it. The ideal version of the child's diet is eating food in small portions throughout the day, that is, the famous separate meals. Fully exclude from the diet of allergic products, that is, those after the use of which in large quantities in a child shows an allergic reaction.
Just fine, if the baby does not eat fatty and fried foods, smoked meats, soda, sweets. It is quite difficult to limit a child to anything, so such products are allowed, but in minimal amounts. Often these changes in the diet help get rid of the symptoms of functional dyspepsia.
Few disease disappears without medical treatment. In this disease, drugs are prescribed in accordance with the option.
H2-histamine blockers or proton pump inhibitors are recommended for ulcerative-like dyspepsia. This treatment lasts one and a half to two weeks.
Diskinetic variant requires prokinetics, namely, motilium is required. 1 mg of substance is calculated per 1 kg of child's weight. Sometimes the doctor prescribes metoclopromide, which must be taken half an hour before meals. But the latter often provokes side effects. This type of medication should be taken within 14-20 days, depending on the prescription.
Nonspecific drug is not treated with drugs. Most often, such a dyspepsia can get rid of the usual adjustment of the diet. If this does not help, then the problem lies in the psychological state of the child. So you should contact a psychotherapist, for several sessions a good specialist will relieve your baby from stomach discomfort.
You can not discount the traditional methods of treatment. But if you are an adherent of traditional ways of getting rid of diseases, first see a doctor. Yes, you have met these words a million times, but it’s about the little one, whose health should be anxiously protected from rash actions of parents.
- Blackberry will save from harm. It will take 10 grams of blackberry bush roots. Fill them with 0.5 liters of water and put on the fire, the roots should boil until 1/3 of the liquid boils away. After that, strain off the resulting broth and add to it exactly the same red wine. Should take on 2 tbsp. l every 4 hours.
- Fennel comes to the rescue. Fennel is also called pharmacy dill, it can be found in any pharmacy for a penny price. 10 berries of this plant must be poured 200 ml of boiling water. After that, put the container with fennel and water on the fire, boil for 15 minutes, then set to cool. When the broth gets room temperature, strain it - we need exactly 200 ml of liquid. The broth should be drunk all throughout the day, this tool quickly eliminates digestive problems.
- Wormwood - bitter, but useful. Tablespoon of wormwood usual pour a glass of boiling water over it. Leave for half an hour and strain. About the dosage of this tool should consult with your doctor.
Any disease is easier to prevent than to cure. In order for your child not to know all the "charms" of functional dyspepsia, you should follow simple rules:
- balanced and rational nutrition,
- if you are a nursing mother, you need to carefully monitor your diet, plus you need good feeding hygiene,
- the child should not overeat
- you need time to treat all sorts of diseases of the digestive system,
- eliminate as much as possible the amount of stress in a child’s life,
- Give your baby a normal amount of time to rest.
Dyspepsia is not so bad if detected and cured on time. The child must eat properly, because in addition to this disease, there is a whole list of ailments that can appear in a baby, the basis of which is hamburgers.
In recent years, there has been a rapid increase in the number of patients who have been diagnosed with functional dyspepsia.
And, despite significant advances in pediatrics, the growth trend is steady.
According to the results of research, functional dyspepsia in children takes the second place in the structure of childhood morbidity.
Therefore, this problem today is so acute.
What is functional dyspepsia
Dyspepsia is a symptom complex of digestive disorders. This concept is preliminary.
It is used in the initial stages of in-depth diagnosis.Further, after carrying out a number of analyzes and researches this diagnosis can be deciphered:
- organic dyspepsia - gastritis of various forms, peptic ulcer,
- functional dyspepsia - disorders of the digestive organs.
Today, it is quite difficult to get a detailed answer to the question of what functional dyspepsia is and why it occurs in children of different ages.
This is not possible because the pathogenesis of the disease is not fully understood. However, most of the development mechanisms today are already deciphered.
Functional dyspepsia in children can manifest itself in different ways and include many symptoms, such as indigestion, heaviness after eating, a feeling of early satiety, frequent belching, and sometimes nausea, so careful diagnosis and treatment is required.
Causes of pathology
In a child, like any functional disorder, functional dyspepsia is a disease caused by a malfunction of the motor function, in this case, the upper digestive tract and duodenum. In young children, a disease such as functional dyspepsia can develop when there is a malfunction at any level:
- local - the nervous system of the stomach and intestines, receptor apparatus,
- peripheral - pathways
- central - the brain,
- motor disorders - reducing the stomach's preparedness for incoming food, timely emptying it.
The reasons for the development of functional dyspepsia are many, among them there are alimentary:
- the irregularity of meals,
- food products in large quantities without drinking liquid,
- abuse of spices, fatty foods,
- binge eating.
Sometimes the cause of the development of the disease can be neuro-psychological stress, when the child is faced with problems that are difficult for him to suffer. For example, the death of a relative, mistreatment in the family, the non-perception of a teenager in a circle of peers, constant fear, anxiety.
Recently, the role of Helicobacter pylori infection has been actively studied, since approximately 70% of the children who have had functional dyspepsia have tested positive for HP.
It was found that this infection has a negative effect on gastric motility.
Symptoms of the disease
The overall symptoms of functional dyspepsia can be divided into several main areas, depending on the clinical manifestations:
- Ulcerous - characterized by localized pain in the stomach area of the anterior abdominal wall. Exacerbation occurs after eating and drugs that have a negative effect on the intestinal tract of the child,
- Reflux-like - after eating, there is often belching, nausea, vomiting, there is a feeling of bloating,
- Diskenetic - there are regular pains in the stomach, worse after eating. There is a lack of perception of fatty and dairy foods,
- Unspecific - not found in children.
Symptoms may appear differently depending on the age and nature of the disease. Therefore, in order to better understand how this disease proceeds and to identify its first signs, it is necessary to understand in detail the manifestations of this disease depending on age.
Dyspepsia in children of the first year of life
So, simple dyspepsia occurs in the first years of their life quite often. It can proceed in different ways: to develop instantly or progressively. Symptoms may be harbingers of this disease:
- defecation begins to occur more often,
- there is a decrease in appetite
- there may be anxiety
- spitting up after a meal.
Within a few days, stool frequency can reach up to 7 times a day. And it becomes more liquid, changing its color and smell.
In the feces may be impurities of mucus. Minor regurgitation followed by regular vomiting. Appetite decreases to the full refusal of food. Often worried about strong cramps in the stomach, the child shows it, stretching the legs up and crying.
Against this background, many other diseases can develop, in particular, thrush, stomatitis.
In premature or weakened babies, dyspepsia is more acute. There is an increase in temperature, the stool becomes watery in nature, and its frequency can reach up to 20 times a day.
Frequent vomiting, high temperature together with diarrhea lead to a significant loss of fluid - dehydration of the body, recession of a large spring, weight loss. The face changes, pallor appears, his gaze will be fixed at one point, his reflex functions are significantly reduced. Such standing without timely treatment can be disastrous for the baby.
Functional dyspepsia in adolescents
In older children there are frequent abdominal pain, weakness. As a rule, there is a rapid saturability, after eating there is nausea, a feeling of heaviness, belching.
In the advanced stages of digestive disorders, there is an alternation of constipation and diarrhea, there are headaches, the likelihood of developing duodenogastric reflux increases. It should be noted that the situation exacerbates the stress state of adolescents.
Diagnosis of the disease
First of all, it is aimed at differentiating the nature of the disorder: an organic disease or a functional one?
Since there is no clearly established cause of the disease, a study of children with suspected functional dyspepsia is comprehensive. It includes:
- examination of the patient with a complete history,
- the nature of digestive disorders is established. The doctor prescribes an ultrasound of the abdominal organs, an X-ray of the stomach. The time of admission and the type of examinations are calculated individually depending on the course of the disease,
- laboratory tests are a detailed analysis of blood, feces and urine,
- coprogram examination - using the method, single leukocytes, mucus,
- study of the digestive tract.
Since such a disorder is almost always associated with a violation of the nervous system, consultation of a neurologist and a psychologist is appointed.
During the consultation, the doctor takes into account all the symptoms and draws up an examination plan, which will reveal the cause of the development of disorders in the gastrointestinal tract.
Treatment of functional dyspepsia in children
Functional dyspepsia in children is treated on an outpatient basis. The basis of treatment is the selection of food. Most often it happens that a simple adjustment is enough. But in some cases it is required:
- the abolition of all products that may lead to violations. Among the undesirable are: spicy seasonings, convenience foods, smoked meats, carbonated drinks,
- adherence to diet and diet, but when choosing a diet you need to take into account age, so that a sick child has the opportunity to receive all the necessary nutrients for him, according to his age,
- babies are advised to reduce the amount of food, as well as replace one or two feedings with water or tea,
- kids recommend glucose-saline solutions,
- enzymes are assigned to improve digestion,
- sorbents - remove toxins from the body,
- antispasmodics to relieve abdominal pain.
However, the dosage of all drugs should be age appropriate and after the first signs of improvement, bifidobacteria and lactobacilli are recommended.
Severe option is treated in a hospital. Therapy is prescribed taking into account the age and features of the course of the disease. In the most difficult situations, plasma transfusions and antibacterial therapy may be required.
Anyone who suffers from a disease should lead a particular lifestyle. If it concerns babies, it is necessary to observe the temperature regime, thorough examination and observation of the dynamics.
Treatment of dyspepsia in young children
Mild forms of dyspepsia do not require hospitalization of the baby. Usually, immediately after the examination and diagnosis, the doctor makes an appointment for therapy that can be done at home. Also, when prescribing a treatment, the doctor necessarily takes into account the cause that led to dyskinesia.
For example, if a baby has suffered as a result of overfeeding, the doctor prescribes a temporary restriction of feeding or the replacement of some daily meals with warm water or herbal teas. One of the means that affects the body of the child is positive dill water.
If the infant has suffered from low-quality mixtures, they need to be urgently replaced, and the supplements should be stopped for a while. Sorbents can assign babies.
This is necessary in cases where the disease threatens to become toxic. Since the disease is almost always accompanied by a strong increase in gas formation, the doctor may prescribe the use of the vapor tube. The tummy of the child can be easily massaged and heated with a barely warm diaper.
The main goal of treating children with severe dyspepsia is to restore water-salt balance, since dehydration threatens not only health, but also the life of a sick child. Immediately after treatment, the main goal of the doctor is the restoration of microflora in the intestines of a small patient. To this end, the pediatrician may prescribe a number of drugs.
Prognosis and prevention
The prognosis for the recovery of the baby is almost always favorable. The main thing - time to contact the clinic for medical assistance. With the right approach, the disease passes within 5-7 days.
Prevention should be based on proper, balanced nutrition of the child.
Diet and food intake should clearly correspond to the age of the child. In no case should not feed the child food, unusual for his age. Mom should also monitor the diet if the baby is breastfed. The timing and sequence of the introduction of certain products in the diet of the baby should be strictly observed.
In no case can not overfeed the child. This can lead to functional dyspepsia. The amount of stress in a child’s life should be reduced to a minimum. The baby should also be resting enough for him. Rest should occur, according to the established mode.
It is worth timely treating infectious and somatic ailments. Strongly do not need to deal with the symptoms on their own. If the child has signs of the disease, it is required to contact the pediatrician as soon as possible.
Symptoms of dyspepsia in children
When dyspepsia, the following symptoms are observed: vomiting, frequent stools (6–8 times a day), regurgitation. The chair of the child becomes green, has an unpleasant sourish smell, and you can find white lumps in it. The child loses body weight. Dyspepsia is accompanied by loss of appetite and bloating. Do not confuse dyspepsia with regular regurgitation, which is often observed in infants in the first year of life. It is necessary to monitor the child, taking into account not only regurgitation and frequent stools, but also watching the body mass. It is important that weight gain is consistent with accepted age standards.
If there are unpleasant symptoms, seeding should be done to exclude an intestinal infection.
If dyspepsia is classified by a doctor as a simple sight, then treatment is most often carried out at home. First of all, such treatment is aimed at correcting the diet of the child and at eliminating the cause of the digestive disorder.
Intestinal toxicosis, or toxic dyspepsia, is more severe and is the result of both a neglected type of simple dyspepsia and improper treatment. The most susceptible to this disease are children with a weakened body. Intestinal toxemia can develop on the background of prematurity, rickets and anemia. Also, dyspepsia develops against the background of some infectious diseases, such as dysentery, salmonellosis and others. There is vomiting and diarrhea, which leads to a violation of the water-salt balance of the body of the child, that is, to dehydration. The disease develops rapidly. The temperature rises to 38–39 °, vomiting begins and loose stools up to 15 times a day. The child loses weight dramatically, mucous membranes dry out, the pulse is disturbed and becomes weak, breathing is rare and deep. If the disease is not stopped, it can lead to collapse and even coma.
Summary for parents
Any type of dyspepsia (including putrid) does not constitute a serious danger to the health of the child, if in time to provide him with qualified assistance. In addition, dyspepsia refers to diseases that can be avoided by organizing proper nutrition to the child and ensuring regular follow-up by the pediatrician. It is important not to overfeed children at any age.
Organic and toxic dyspepsia in children
In gastroenterology there are several varieties of this disorder, depending on its causes.
Such types of dyspepsia are known:
Organic This type of digestive upset in children can be caused by several diseases of the digestive tract. The factors that cause the organic form of the disorder, experts include gastritis, peptic ulcer, cholecystitis, pancreatitis, biliary dyskinesia.
Toxic. This form of digestive upset is often caused by the inappropriate treatment of simple dyspepsia. The factors contributing to the development of the toxic form of the disease are often pathogenic microorganisms that enter the intestines of a baby.
Symptoms of fermentation and putrid forms of functional dyspepsia in children
This form of digestive disorders, like functional dyspepsia in children, is diagnosed in all cases when organic disorders were not detected after a thorough gastroenterological examination.
fermentation dyspepsia in children - the disease, which is a type of functional digestive disorders, occurs as a result of the development of fermentation processes in the intestine against the background of the consumption of large amounts of carbohydrates,
putrid dyspepsia in children - develops in the presence of putrefactive microorganisms in the intestine, which are formed due to the predominance of protein foods in the children's diet.
Alimentary (simple) bowel dyspepsia in newborns
Alimentary, or simple dyspepsia is an acute digestive disorder that develops in children of the first year of life. The alimentary dyspepsia of children occurs against the background of the inconsistency of the child’s diet with the functional characteristics of the children's digestive system. The disease develops with overeating, the wrong choice of infant formula or food products that are not yet perceived by the baby's intestines.
Simple dyspepsia in children can occur due to the action of infectious agents - Escherichia coli, staphylococcus, Salmonella and other microorganisms entering the intestine with food or as a result of licking toys and hands.
Parenteral dyspepsia in children and steatorrhea
Parenteral dyspepsia develops as a secondary disease on the background of the flow in the children's body of other pathological processes. It can accompany not only gastrointestinal diseases, but also other pathological processes of infectious origin - meningitis, otitis media, sinusitis.
Steatorrhea - a type of indigestion that occurs when a high fat content in the diet of the child. Excessive amounts of fat that are inconsistent with children's age and digestive abilities result in the formation of fatty acid soaps. The main symptom of this disorder is the yellow shiny color of the baby’s stool, resulting from the presence of large amounts of unsplit fat in the stool.
Experts call such frequent comorbidities and conditions occurring in the children's body simultaneously with dyspepsia:
- disruption of the central nervous system,
- allergic processes and the flow of exudative-catarrhal diathesis in history,
- low hemoglobin level
- parasitic diseases, the most common among them is helminthiasis.
Signs of gastric and intestinal dyspepsia in children
Symptoms of dyspepsia of the child allow timely detection of the development of the pathological process of digestion and effective treatment.
Experts call these signs of dysfunction of the stomach and intestines in babies:
- lack of appetite, and as a result - weight loss,
- nausea and vomiting,
- restless, often intermittent sleep,
- belching - the development of dyspepsia is indicated not by single, but by constant belching, not associated with eating,
- acute epigastric pain, followed by colic,
- liquid stools up to 10 times a day with admixtures of mucus and particles of undigested food.
A characteristic symptom of fermentation dyspepsia in children is the peculiar smell of stool. This symptom may also indicate the development of the putrid form of such a digestive disorder.
Dyspepsia in newborns for 3-5 days from the moment of birth is a normal natural phenomenon. During this period, the baby’s digestive system is restored and adapted to new conditions. As a rule, this condition does not require treatment and goes away on its own.
With the toxic form of the disorder, severe signs of the disease can occur - high fever, sometimes there are symptoms of meningitis, a sharp weight loss, muscle atrophy, convulsions and even loss of consciousness. The skin of a child becomes pale or bluish color.
With the wrong or untimely treatment of the symptoms of dyspepsia, children may develop dystrophy as a result of impaired metabolism. The development of digestive disorders in allergies and rickets in young patients can lead to such complications as otitis, pneumonia and pyelonephritis.
If there are signs and symptoms of indigestion, a preliminary diagnosis is made - dyspepsia syndrome in children. The examination is carried out under the direction of a pediatrician or pediatric gastroenterologist. Diagnosis includes the collection of anamnesis and complaints from parents, clinical examination, a comprehensive laboratory and instrumental examination of the gastrointestinal tract.
In the presence of dyspepsia syndrome in children, the main task that arises before a specialist is to determine the nature of the disorder.
To this end, the following studies are conducted within the walls of a medical institution:
- Ultrasound of the abdominal organs,
- X-ray of the stomach.
Laboratory studies are also carried out - feces analysis for the presence of Helicobacter Pylori bacteria, biochemical liver tests, determination of pancreatic enzymes in the patient’s blood and urine. The method of conducting bacteriological seeding of feces is excluded OKA, and the study of feces on helminth eggs - helminthiasis.
How to treat children's dyspepsia: diet and enzymes
Dyspepsia in young children, occurring immediately after the birth of a baby, during the first 5 days of a newborn's life, does not require any treatment. Mild forms of simple dyspepsia are treated on an outpatient basis. The main method of treating dyspepsia in children of the alimentary form is the abolition of the product that caused the development of a functional impairment of the digestive process. The gastroenterologist prescribes a special diet for dyspepsia in children, corresponding to the patient's age.
For infants, experts recommend replacing 1-2 feeds with a tea-water pause and reduce the amount of breast milk consumed. During the observance of the therapeutic diet, the child should be given to drink glucose-saline solutions, carrot-rice decoction and weak unsweetened tea.
When treating intestinal dyspepsia in children, it is necessary to improve the process of digestion. For this, children are given enzymes -
and to remove toxins -
Treatment and prevention of symptoms of fermentation dyspepsia in children
For the treatment of the symptoms of fermentation dyspepsia in children, antibiotic therapy is usually applied with the subsequent use of eubiotics to restore the intestinal microflora.
Effective are Bifidum, Linex, Bifiform.
In case of gastric dyspepsia in children, gastric lavage is performed to eliminate unpleasant signs of impairment and restore the functions of this organ of the digestive system. Moderately severe and severe forms of dyspepsia in children should be treated only in a hospital setting.
Treatment consists of activities such as:
- parenteral hydration therapy,
- symptomatic treatment - injections of anticonvulsant, antipyretic, cardiovascular drugs are carried out,
- in case of toxic dyspepsia, antibacterial agents are prescribed to small patients.
Prevention of the development of digestive disorders is the strict observance of the age diet, the timing and order of introduction of complementary foods. Parents should adhere to the hygiene of feeding, timely carry out adequate treatment of infectious and somatic children's diseases under the guidance of specialists.