The deposition of salts in the joints occurs as a result of the failure of metabolic processes, aided by:
poor diet, which consists of sharp meat dishes,
maintaining a sedentary lifestyle,
hypothermia of a particular joint or whole organism.
The disease develops rather slowly, but the diagnosis in the early stages allows you to cope with the disease in a shorter time and with maximum efficiency.
Symptoms of salt deposits in the joints
There are several symptoms:
Symptoms of the disease, first of all, are accompanied by the appearance of a specific sound of "crunching" in the joints.
In some cases, when moving, pain may appear in the affected joint.
Gradually, the movement of the joint becomes more limited until complete immobilization.
Salt deposition in the knee and shoulder joint
The disease, in which the deposition of salts in the knee occurs, was called gonarthrosis. It is this joint that is statistically affected most often.
The disease is accompanied by severe pain, not only when walking, but also at rest. Late appeal for medical care leads to irreversible consequences.
The main symptoms of gonarthrosis include not only painful aggravated by the load on the joint, but also "tightness" of the skin and stiffness of the joint in the affected area, a long "rattling" after sleep or prolonged sitting, crunches when the lower limb is bent, swelling and swelling of the knee, in a more severe degree of the disease, it is impossible to straighten or bend the leg completely.
The pathogenesis of the disease is represented by two main forms: the primary (or idiopathic), characteristic of the elderly and secondary, resulting from an existing pathology of the knee joint, for example, as a result of mechanical injury. The primary type of gonarthrosis is often bilateral in nature, with a secondary one in most cases there is a one-way process.
It is accepted to distinguish 3 stages of gonarthrosis:
The first stage, which is characterized by the initial manifestations of the disease (recurring dull pain in the knee, especially after a load on the joint, there is a slight swelling of the affected area). Deformation at this stage is absent.
The second stage is manifested by an increase in the manifestations of the symptom complex of the previous stage: painful sensations appear more often and become more intense and prolonged. When moving, there are crunches and clicks in the joints. Some restrictions appear when bending and unbending the lower limb. The joint increases in volume, primary signs of deformation appear.
The third stage is the highest degree of manifestation of all the symptoms of the previous stages. The pain is almost always present - both when moving and at rest. Violated gait. Restrictions on motor activity become pronounced. Deformity of the joint is visualized and proceeds in an X-or O-shape.
The prognosis of the disease is not favorable. Most often, the affected joint is completely deformed, and the disease leads to disability.
Under the periarthritis should be understood disease, accompanied by the deposition of salts in the shoulder joint. In most cases, one shoulder is affected, or the extent of the lesion on the one hand is significantly greater than on the other.
The initial stage of the disease is characterized by the appearance of pain during physical activity, especially when it becomes necessary to raise hands. In the beginning, such pains appear irregularly and do not pay special attention to themselves. But gradually the discomfort becomes permanent, causing inconvenience even during sleep.
If an inflammatory process develops in the affected joint, swelling may occur. Limited mobility of the joint. Appear characteristic "crunchy" sounds and clicks.
The prognosis of the disease is quite favorable. There may be cases when treatment is not required at all, but this is determined by the doctor. Complications of periarthritis occur in extremely rare cases.
Inflammation of the joints may occur as a result of the deposition of calcium pyrophosphates. In this case, talking about such a phenomenon as calcium or false gout. A similar disease is accompanied by arthritis in the ankles, thighs, or arms.
The main symptoms of the disease include spontaneously arising and in the same way disappearing pain (rather strong) and swelling.
The causes of false gout lie in the following provoking factors: advanced age, the presence of hypothyroidism, hemophilia, manifestations of amyloidosis, heredity.
Correct delivery of the diagnosis requires laboratory testing of the articular fluid. The disease is confirmed when it is detected in the composition of the material taken from calcium phosphatase.
Treatment of salt deposits in the joints
Diagnosis of salt deposits in the joints includes several special methods:
X-ray is a reliable method, but with its help the disease can be diagnosed only after 5 years of flow,
arthroscopy — includes the procedure for using an arthroscope, an apparatus that is inserted into the affected joint by means of a micro incision. Thus, the doctor has the opportunity to see the condition of the joint from the inside,
computed tomography - the method by which the dimensions of the joints, their quality characteristics and pathological processes associated with the growth of cartilage and the appearance of osteophytes are determined,
magnetic resonance diagnostics allows determining the layered structure of the joint and bones, soft tissues and pathological formations,
thermography - an auxiliary research method that shows thermographic data, including index, temperature gradient and asymmetry of joints,
Diagnosis and subsequent treatment of salt deposits in the joints is impossible without a thorough laboratory study, including analysis of uric acid, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, leukocyte index, Zimnitsky test, study of fluid puncture (in the case of a disease of the knee joint), etc.
Medical science in the treatment of salt deposits in the joints is based on an integrated approach:
Medications of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory group can reduce and even relieve pain and inflammation in the joints.
With the help of hormonal drugs - corticosteroids - acute attacks are controlled. Uricosuric dosage forms with the deposition of salts in the joints help to maintain the level of uric acid at the level of the norm. They prescribe such drugs only if all the necessary tests have been carried out and given a qualified assessment by a specialist.
Treatment of brachial periarthritis will be more successful if the request for medical assistance was received at the first signs of the disease. Running the form will require more time and effort to defeat the disease.
When the development of periarthritis began with the displacement of the intervertebral joints, manual therapy becomes an effective method of treatment. Its main task is to eliminate bias.
If the disease is associated with impaired blood circulation in the shoulder region as a result of myocardial infarction or operative manipulations on the mammary gland, then special angioprotective drugs are necessarily present in the treatment. Their main task is to improve blood circulation.
In the case when the deposition of salts is accompanied by liver diseases, there is a need to follow a diet and receive special enzymatic means to restore its functions.
With the direct treatment of shoulder tendons nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, compresses are prescribed. In some situations, the use of laser therapy is useful.
Hirudotherapy. The effectiveness of the treatment of brachial periarthritis through medical leeches - hirudotherapy has been proven. Already at 5-6 session there are significant improvements. But this method should be used with special care, since this disease often develops an allergy to the use of leeches.
Corticosteroids. Good results are obtained by conducting a cycle consisting of 2-3 periarticular injections of corticosteroid hormonal drugs. A mixture of hormones and anesthetic is injected into the affected tendon or in the region of the paraarticular synovial bursa. Such a procedure is not able to lead to a complete recovery, but it makes the patients more comfortable in more than 80% of cases. To enhance the effects of injections, they need to be combined with a range of therapeutic measures, such as post-isometric relaxation and special exercises that improve the mobility of the capsule part of the joint.
Postisometric relaxation is the most successful way to treat salt deposits in the shoulder joint. The course consists of 12-15 sessions. According to statistics, about 90% of patients, even with the most advanced form of the disease, recover from the use of this method. The effect is enhanced by the parallel use of laser, therapeutic massage, sessions of mild manual therapy (the so-called joint mobilization method), as in the case of post-isometric relaxation course starts 2-3 days after the periarticular injection of corticosteroids.
The early stage of gonarthrosis is treated using conservative methods. Treatments of a therapeutic nature include physiotherapy, physical therapy and massage sessions, the possibility of sanatorium-and-spa treatment, exercise therapy and the use of symptomatic medical preparations. In this case, the use of medications is intended not to restore the function and structure of the joint or cartilage, but only to eliminate pain.
After the positive dynamics was noted as a result of the use of medicines and improvement was noted, manual therapy and a course of therapeutic massage are prescribed. With the help of such events, the muscles of the knee are strengthened, the blood circulation and cartilage nutrition, and, accordingly, the position of the bone are corrected.
The advanced stages of the disease require surgery. Knee arthroplasty is an operation for the treatment of gonarthrosis. The procedure lasts an average of 90 minutes and is accompanied by minor blood loss. Materials for the manufacture of implants that replace the knee joint, have high strength and perfectly take root in the human body. The most common are stainless steel or titanium alloy, as well as ceramics and polyethylene - heavy-duty plastic.
The modern implant design is represented by the femoral, tibial elements and the patella prosthesis. Depreciation between them creates a special gasket of polyethylene.
Treatment of salt deposits in the joints is a complex and lengthy process that requires regular use of drugs. Along with this, it is necessary to reconsider the way of life, first of all, to follow a diet and give up bad habits.
To date, there are no clearly defined preventive measures to prevent salt deposits in the joints. This disease is subject to all, without exception. However, a reasonable lifestyle, harmoniously combining proper nutrition and physical activity can be the key to the health of the human skeletal system.
About the doctor: From 2010 to 2016 practicing physician of the therapeutic hospital of the central medical and sanitary unit No. 21, the city of Elektrostal. Since 2016 he has been working in the diagnostic center №3.
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In addition to the fact that deposits can be caused by traumas, sprains, bruises, operations and ligamentous stretching, other provoking factors include:
- metabolic disorders in the body,
- severe chronic ailments and kidney diseases,
- weakened immunity
- poor diet and bad habits,
- strong physical exertion
- calcification of the ligaments (wear of the joint),
- excess uric acid (gout).
The process of accumulation and the formation of salt is not an easy and long process. Initially, oxalates are detected in the urine, moreover, in excess of the norm due to malnutrition. And this can cause kidney disease and metabolic disorders. As a consequence, uric acid does not have time to be completely eliminated from the body and purines are deposited. When the excess oxalates combine with blood and sodium and move to the limbs of the hands. Along the way, salt gets into the joints and with a passive sedentary lifestyle, salt deposits in the legs. Because of its crystalline form, urates injure bone, cause inflammation and pain. Osteophyte formation is possible in other tissues, in the hip joint or ankle, in the knees, on the fingers and toes.
What does it mean - the deposition of salts?
In the human body there is a huge amount of salts that ensure its vital activity. They are involved in intracellular processes, ensure the transmission of nerve impulses, remove the muscular block of blood vessels, are the building material for the bone structure.
A healthy body automatically maintains its salt and mineral balance, but any provocative factors that disrupt oxidation, mineral and protein metabolism, can trigger the mechanism of salt deposits in the joints.
Saline deposits of calcium crystals, initially in the form of sand and transforming with time, into dense bone tissue (osteophytes) cause special problems in the body. Namely, in case of excessive deposition of calcium salts in certain organs, the process of development of various diseases called “deposition of salts in the joints” - various forms of arthritis, arthrosis, radiculopathy, etc., is launched. Let's take a closer look at how this happens, get acquainted with the symptoms of diseases and modern methods of treatment.
A variety of factors can trigger salt deposits in the joints. Constant and prolonged loads or uniform movements and a fixed body position (for example, professional activity) lead to deformation and the formation of weak and depleted areas in the muscular-ligamentous articular apparatus. The tendons are particularly affected, as compared with muscle tissue, they are equipped with a small network of blood vessels.
If you do not pay attention to it, and do not give muscles time to rest, the body proceeds to self-repair problem areas, increasing them with an increased deposition of calcium salts, calcifying gradually depleted areas. This process takes place until the tendons are completely depleted, turning them into a bone-like structure, which is immediately manifested by limited movements.
Calcification of the articular cartilage takes place in approximately the same way. Initially, weak areas are replaced by collagen cartilage tissues unable to withstand stretching and often subject to tearing.The body “patches” the gaps, filling them with a lime impregnation, which subsequently form an overgrowth of the “subchondral bone” in the form of bone growths - frequent processes in the vertebrae of the spine.
But on the change of one zone of damage to the joints, the pathological process does not stop. The healthy muscle fibers present on the periphery of the affected cartilage tissue are in a position of constant tension and the effect of any increased load on them leads to regular breaks, which again fill the calcium salts. The beginning of the process is difficult perceptible, and even harder to stop it. It is the salt metabolism disturbed in the body that becomes the beginning of the development of many pathologies of the musculoskeletal system.
The main provocateurs of failure in metabolic processes are:
- spicy and fat diet,
- addiction to alcohol and smoking
- lack of body vitamin and trace elements,
- endocrine pathologies,
- influence of cold and mechanical damage to bones,
- lack of physical activity.
Of considerable importance are the genetic predisposition and excess weight of the patient.
Signs of illness
The clinical symptoms of salt deposits in the joints are manifested in the correspondence of diseases, the development of which, among other reasons, is associated with impaired metabolism in the body, and the factors that trigger them.
Various forms of arthritis
- joint pain, aggravated by movement,
- hyperemia and significant swelling of the affected area,
- general weakness and a noticeable temperature increase in the zone of the affected joints,
- accumulation of fluid in the joint cavity.
Deforming osteoarthritis (senile). The clinical picture of the disease is characterized by the development of gradual inflammatory reactions in individual joints (often involving the finger, knee and vertebral joints). In age-related patients, metabolic processes are slow, their pathology is manifested by a lesion of individual joints of the shoulder, hips, or vertebrae of the lumbar region.
Gouty arthritis is a consequence of metabolic failure and a consequence of an aggressive diet. The clinic is manifested by acute articular inflammation, with the formation of many difficult to absorb nodular neoplasms. A distinctive feature is an inflammatory lesion of the articular head of the metatarsal bone on the big toe with prolonged, intermittent acute pain, changes in the volume and configuration of the toe, restriction of movements. Sometimes gout affects the kidneys, heart, and auricles.
Osteoarthritis is a constant companion of age-related patients. Consequences of disruptions in the metabolism are manifested by the defeat of the interarticular cartilage in the form of growth of peculiar spikes (osteophytes). Structural cartilage tissue is erased, loses the integrity property of free sliding and cushioning.
- permanent articular crunch,
- inflammatory lesion of the adjacent tissues (periarthritis),
- the development of inflammatory reactions in the lining of the articular cavity (synovitis),
- progressive limitation of joint mobility,
- atrophy of bone tissue, when the clinic is running.
Extensive growths of osteophytes lead to complete immobilization of the joint, and the patient to disability.
The usual localization of calcium salts with radiculitis is the zone of intervertebral holes in the lumbosacral region. As a result of the narrowing of the salts of these holes, the roots of the nerve fibers are pinched and irritated. And the provocative factors that caused this process (injuries, bruises, severity, etc.) aggravate the situation, damage to the musculo-ligamentous apparatus of the spine and strong radicular stretching of the nerve fibers and sciatic nerve bundles.
Clinical symptoms manifested:
- sudden shoot-ups of pain piercing the lower back,
- unilateral, or completely covering the lower back pain,
- irradiating (spreading) the painful symptoms to all places of the branches of the sciatic nerve bundle,
- signs of paresthesia in the lower leg or thigh area (burning, tingling, numbness, etc.),
- tissue paresthesia (impaired sensitivity) in certain areas of the body,
- changes in posture and spinal curvature (in rare cases),
- asthenic syndrome (fatigue, irritability, etc.).
Osteochondrosis: joint cartilage disease
The consequence of a failure in the physiological process of osteogenesis (osteogenesis), triggered by salt deposits in the joints. Clinical symptoms manifested:
- signs of insomnia and vertigo (insomnia and dizziness),
- muscle tension and bad mood
- painful backache, radiating to the limb,
- pain in the areas of branching sciatic nerve bundles,
- inflammatory signs of intercostal neuralgia,
- calf cramps and pains in the legs.
Not rarely, the pain syndrome spreads to those zones where nerve fibers with pinched roots (a zone of the heart, liver, intestine, epigastric region) branch. Often, osteochondrosis can be confused with attacks of “angina pectoris” (angina pectoris).
Before you begin treatment, you should pay attention to the fact that many of the symptoms of salt deposits in the joints are similar to the symptoms of many other diseases. Therefore, therapy of this pathology can only be effective after a thorough examination.
For the diagnosis of salt deposits in the joints using a variety of laboratory and instrumental methods, including:
- X-ray examination. Allows you to determine the localization of calcium deposits.
- Arthroscopic diagnostics, which allows to visually identify pathological changes in the affected joints, by introducing into the joint a special device (arthroscope) that broadcasts the image to the monitor.
- MRI or CT examination, giving the opportunity to see and assess the degree of deformation of cartilage tissues and muscles in the images taken.
- Standard laboratory test package.
Modern methods of therapy and prevention
Just looking at the terribly swollen and hot joint gives rise to the idea that it is simply impossible to bring it to its normal state. Ignorance of the cause of the disease and vague awareness of the problem pushes many of us into the “embraces” of traditional healers, eliminating the problem of salt deposits in the joints through a huge number of traditional medicine recipes. As a result - the aggravation of the state.
The cunning of diseases is that pain, when using folk remedies, usually subsides, but it’s not at all the fact that it is their action that brings recovery. Quite the contrary, the pain may subside for a completely different reason - a slow and inevitable process, leading to numbness and atrophy of the joint.
Only an appeal to an experienced specialist will make it clear that salt deposits are not a diagnosis, but a causative factor leading to the development of various diseases. The recommendations on therapy will be built on this, the effectiveness of which depends on the patient's desire to change a lot in his or her life.
The pathology of calcium salt deposition in the joints is a gradual and imperceptible process, the same should be the therapy - non-aggressive, gradual and without medication, if possible. Modern methods of treatment are based on minimal medical prescriptions, in order to avoid oppression of other internal organs.
The therapy algorithm includes sessions:
- osteopathy – detection of anatomical and structural disturbances in the body and the primary source of the disease only through the manipulative effect of the doctor’s hands. Completely painless manipulations of the hands of the osteopath gradually return to the joints mobility and general sensitivity.
- manual therapy - manual intervention of a specialist is aimed at eliminating joint pain, while returning joint mobility and correct anatomical position.
- acupuncture and acupuncture, activating and stimulating the patient's internal energy to fight the disease.
- therapeutic massage, relieving muscle tension, eliminating pain, restoring normal blood circulation and facilitating the activation of the output of toxic metabolic waste.
- Exercise exercises, gradually strengthening and restoring muscle function.
The use of medical drugs is possible as a symptomatic therapy in accordance with the identified causes that led to the processes of salt deposition in the joints.
To prevent the disease and ensure the effectiveness of its treatment will help the patient's willingness to change his life, according to the recommendations of the doctor - compliance with the correct, individually selected in each case, diet, with a sufficient amount of vitamin and minerals. Observe fasting days, if necessary. Regular exercise, observing moderate loads. The refusal of bad habits and taking medications only on prescription.
Only in conjunction with the main therapeutic appointments and compliance with the recommendations of a domestic nature, you can cope with the disease and avoid unpleasant consequences.
The deposition of salts in the joints can occur over many years. In the initial stages, such a disease has no symptoms. With a large accumulation of osteophytes, the cartilage is injured, after which it becomes inflamed. The cartilage tissue is deformed and such phased signs of diseases as gout, arthrosis or osteoporosis begin to manifest themselves:
- Aching pain with a lot of physical labor. Quickly after rest.
- Periodically, joints in the shoulder, arms, back, etc., may hurt. May be disturbed at rest.
- Pain in normal movements. The inflammatory process increases the volume of the intra-articular fluid and the size of the joints.
- Feel constraints and stiffness. Osteophytes grow, affecting muscles and joints. The deposition of salts in the shoulder joint is accompanied by a decrease in the mobility of the arms.
- With arthritis and gout, severe pain is felt, the affected joints swell, redness is observed. Possible fever and weakness.
Diagnosis of the musculoskeletal system
To detect salt in the joints in the initial stages, you need to seek help from a therapist and pass urine and blood tests. If uric acid shows more than 415 µmol / l, then this is a sure indicator of the presence of urates. And if the density is below 1015, then osteophytes accumulate, and the disease is already progressing in the body. Additionally, x-rays and joint fluid examination are prescribed. But when the disease is started, the signs of illness can be seen with the naked eye.
How is the treatment?
Treatment of salt deposits in the joints is possible in several ways. The most popular is drug therapy with pills. Slags and salts can be most quickly expelled from the body using an integrated approach. In renal failure, under the supervision of a doctor, salts are removed by blood purification in ways such as hemosorption and hemodialysis. Also, dietary nutrition and massage have a beneficial effect.
Compresses will help to treat pain symptoms. They are best made from fresh leaves of burdock or coltsfoot. These plants are individually fixed overnight to the sore spot and fixed with a bandage. This herb is applied for only 1 hour. Leaves can be prepared for the whole winter. Such a treatment pulls accumulated from the body.
From cucumber brine can be done baths for joints.
Folk remedies are so diverse that you can even make trays for elbow and knee joints from pickle cucumbers. It is only necessary to heat the healing broth and dip the affected places. Continue the procedure for 20 minutes 10 days, and it will help stretch the salt. To get rid of salt deposits will help medicine from dried bay leaves:
- It is necessary to prepare one pack of spices (20 g) and water (300 ml).
- Ingredients combine and boil for half an hour.
- Take 1 tablespoon in the morning and evening for 30 minutes. before the meal.
- It is important to dissolve the tincture before taking 100 g of water.
What does diet mean?
Diet with the deposition of salts in the joints is necessary to avoid metabolic disorders. It is important to exclude from the diet smoked, flour, sweet and salt. To remove osteophytes, you need to drink a lot of fluids, including herbal teas, berry cranberries and fresh fruit (strawberries) or vegetable juices (beets). During the day, be sure to eat apples and nuts, they contribute to the removal of excess from the body. If you have gout, you should consult a doctor about a more detailed list of permitted and prohibited products.
Salt deposition in the knee or ankle requires medication therapy. In this case, treatment with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is applied. For local administration, an ointment is prescribed, which eliminates pain syndromes and laxity of the joint. The most popular drugs are Indometacin, Diclofenac, Nimesulide, Voltaren. Crema is better to use at the beginning of the disease, but the tablets with the progression. Calcium is an accumulation of calcium and salts, so you need to drink extra vitamins in pills to restore metabolic processes.
Massage and exercise
The deposition of salts in the foot and other joints also requires physiotherapeutic treatment:
- Diadynamic therapy - suitable even after the patient is hospitalized. Used for severe pain
- Magnetotherapy - eliminates calcifications and pain symptoms.
- Paraffin or ozokeritoterapiya have an analgesic effect and accelerate the process of regeneration of cartilage tissue.
- Mud - has regenerating properties due to the composition of the mud and contributes to the withdrawal of salts.
- Physiotherapy. Occupations in water, and also specially made exercises for each type of articulation will do. Complex exercise therapy picks up the attending physician.
- Manual therapy Massage helps to establish blood circulation in the body and metabolic processes, eliminate pain and affects the removal of deposits.
Best of all in the formation of salt deposits fit fortifying and toning massage.
How to warn?
If the disease is not associated with heredity, then it can be prevented. It is important to lead an active lifestyle. Pay special attention to nutrition and to abandon junk food, as well as bad habits. For preventive purposes, you can do a massage or self-massage. It is recommended to bring the weight back to normal and keep it.
Salt deposition in the joints - it is treated
The deposition of salts in the joints is one of the most popular diagnoses that homegrown specialists set for themselves, friends and family. Everything falls under this definition - any crunch in the knee, pain in the lower back or neck, swollen finger. At the same time, people who are far from medicine often understand the phrase literally and believe that if ordinary table salt is removed from food, everything will pass. Let's find out if this is so.
What is the deposition of salts in the body?
Speaking about salt deposition, one should clearly understand what is meant by this term. The fact is that this phrase has nothing to do with medicine, and in everyday life it can mean several states of the body.
The most common interpretation says that it is sodium chloride that has accumulated in tissues and systems. Another option treats the phrase as an accumulation of salts of heavy metals.A third, even more fantastic version insists on the oxidative nature of the ailment.
Despite such an extensive interpretation of the concept, from the point of view of medicine, the deposition of salts in the joints is nothing more than gout. Only with this disease a metabolic disorder occurs, with the result that the final product of protein metabolism, uric acid, in the form of urates, settles on the surface of the joint, forming gouty nodes.
The nature of the disease depends on exactly where the crystals are located and what nature they have. For example, urates of potassium and sodium provoke the growth of kidney stones, and calcium is deposited in soft tissues, causing calcification.
Causes of salt deposits
Today, salt deposition occurs infrequently. According to the WHO, 3–4% of the world's population suffers from the disease, as a rule, men. In women, malaise manifests itself only in the postmenopausal period, although in recent times there has been a tendency for an earlier occurrence of the disease. Increased salt levels are often diagnosed in young people of both sexes aged 30–45 years.
An excess of urates more often occurs in women during menopause.
The main reasons for the deposition of uric acid urates in the body are considered to be the following:
- genetic heredity,
- impaired kidney function
- unbalanced diet, alcohol abuse,
- metabolic disorder.
Sometimes the cause of the deposition of urate salts becomes a violation of the decay of purine nucleotides. In this case, the urats in the body accumulate so much that even healthy kidneys can no longer cope with their removal.
Earlier, the deposition of salts was considered the prerogative of the rich - those who used a lot of game and drank it with wine. Today, to get a metabolic disorder, you don't have to be king. Alcohol, an abundance of meat food, sausages and fats, unhealthy lifestyle, the presence of chronic pathologies - all this causes a disorder of metabolism and the development of disease.
Other factors can provoke enhanced salt deposition:
- renal failure
- endocrine disorders
- limited physical activity
- limb injuries.
For women, uncomfortable, narrow shoes with heels can cause illness. As a result of squeezing the foot, blood circulation in the legs deteriorates, microtraumas of the thumb joint appear.
Salt deposition mechanism
The formation of salts in the body is not considered pathology. In the normal state, they are the end product of metabolism and, entering the blood, are filtered out by the kidneys, and then excreted. The small fraction of urates that remains in the tissues, is involved in the protection of cells against oxidants and slows down the aging process.
The photo shows uric acid crystals found in synovial fluid.
If for any reason the process is disturbed, a large amount of uric acid accumulates in the blood, which sooner or later crystallizes, creating stable compounds with calcium or sodium.
The deposition of salts in the periarticular region is explained by the peculiarities of the blood circulation of this zone. Since the cartilage tissue does not have its own arteries, an extensive network of capillaries forms around it, actively nourishing the cells. The permeability of the vascular wall in this area is very high - it helps the trace elements to quickly penetrate into the tissue of the articulation.
Due to such anatomical features, salts of uric acid get into the articular bag, which, settling on the surface of the articulation, crystallize, corrode tissue and cause acute inflammation.
Localization of the disease
A favorite place for the deposition of sodium monurates is the small joints of the feet (up to the little fingers), but with the development of gout, the crystals can accumulate in the larger joints. Symptoms and treatment of ailments largely depend on the localization of urates.
The favorite place for uric acid accumulation is the joint of the first toe.
The frequency of lesions of joints with a systemic disease looks like this:
- metatarsal phalanx of the foot thumb - 50–60%,
- finger joints - 18–20%,
- ankle area - 5–6%,
- hip and knee joints - less than 5%,
- elbow and shoulder joint - 3-4%.
In about a quarter of patients, several joints are affected simultaneously. They can be located both symmetrically and separately. This phenomenon is more common in women.
Diseases provoked by the deposition of salts in the body
Disorder of salt metabolism causes many disorders in the body. A common feature of these ailments is an excess of urates, which do not have time to be displayed in full. Accumulating, they settle on the walls of blood vessels, the surface of the joints, in muscles and tissues, causing painful conditions:
- kidney stones and gallbladder,
In addition, an imbalance contributes to the development of cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, cataracts.
Symptoms of malaise
Symptoms of salt deposits depends on the location of the lesion. For example, when urats accumulate in the knee joint, the patient complains of pain and a crunch when moving. The articulation swells, reddens and loses elasticity - there are problems with walking on the steps, squatting, bending the legs.
The disease of the shoulder joint and elbow is manifested by the same signs. Often, discomfort occurs even in a static position.
For the accumulation of salts in the thigh area are characterized by loud clicks during movement, bouts of pain, lameness. The patient may experience discomfort lying on its side.
The defeat of the hip joint is manifested by pain during movement, limping, and a distinct crunch.
When salt deposits in the temporomandibular joint, a crunch is heard while chewing or yawning, a person cannot open his mouth wide, feeling unpleasant sensations. The defeat of the big toe is manifested by pain, swelling and redness. The temperature of the skin above the joint increases, mobility deteriorates.
Diagnosis of ailment
Detection of salt deposits presents certain difficulties even for experienced specialists. The fact is that when visiting a doctor, the patient usually complains of discomfort in the joints, which can be a symptom of a variety of pathologies.
Therefore, for the diagnosis of all patients, without exception, appoint additional methods of examination:
- CT and MRI,
- scintigraphy with 99mTc-pyrophosphate.
These diagnostic options help to visualize the degree of cartilage destruction and the condition of soft tissues. But to determine the amount of salt in the body can only a blood test and urine.
It is the laboratory research method that is leading in the detection of gouty arthritis.
Removing the attack
During the exacerbation of the disease, anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed from the group of nonsteroids:
All the above medications, in addition to the main action, also relieve pain and inflammation.
In case of unbearable sensations, ice is applied to the sore joint for 15–20 minutes, repeating the procedure several times a day.
Normalization of uric acid levels
Anti-arthritic drugs will help remove uric acid from the body. They act directly on the synthesis of urates and regulate the mechanism of the reabsorption of salts. This has a good therapeutic effect on gout, but increases the risk of calculus formation in the kidneys.
Specific drugs against the deposition of uric acid salts in the joint:
- Allopurinol. The most popular gout pills. Assign immediately after an acute attack, the result appears after 1-2 days from the start of treatment,
- Ugly. The drug is equally effective in gout joints and kidneys. Overdose is permissible,
- Allomaron Stably keeps uric acid levels normal. The course of therapy can last up to six months.
Separately, mention should be made of Colchicine. The drug is not an arthritic remedy in the classical sense, but, judging by the patient reviews, it relieves pain attacks and reduces inflammation. It can be used during the period of exacerbation, and during remission.
All drugs to reduce the level of sodium monurates should be taken only on the recommendation of a doctor, because they have a lot of contraindications and require a strict dosage calculation, especially in old age.
Since one of the causes of gout is an excess of purine compounds in the diet, a diet that eliminates harmful foods is necessary for the patient to feel better.
- game, meat of young animals, sausages and smoked meats,
- rich broths, jellies and jelly,
- vegetable and cow oil fat
- alcohol, strong tea, coffee, carbonated drinks,
- chocolate, sweets, pastries.
The basis of the diet should be fermented milk products, cereals and vegetables. Of the fruits are allowed only non-acidic. Useful alkaline mineral water, broth hips, green tea, oatmeal jelly.
In the period of remission, it is allowed to eat white meat, 2–3 times a week, better than rabbit meat, and fish, after boiling them in two waters.
A favorable effect on the course of the disease have fasting days: cottage cheese, apple, buckwheat-kefir. The frequency of such events and a set of permissible products is determined by the doctor.
When uric acid is deposited in the joints, physiotherapy is an excellent anti-inflammatory and analgesic. When gout is most often prescribed:
- magnetic therapy
- phonophoresis with analgesics,
- paraffin baths and ozokerite.
Between acute attacks of gout, it is recommended to do therapeutic exercises, selecting exercises according to the patient's age, physical fitness and state of health.
For the treatment of gouty arthritis, folk remedies are often used. You can apply them at any time, but only after consulting a doctor. One of the effective ways to get rid of salts are fresh leaves of horseradish. Greens washed, dipped in boiling water and impose on the affected joint, securing a bandage.
Good relief from pain and inflammation ointment based on activated charcoal, which can be prepared at home. To do this, take the packaging of tablets, crushed and mixed with vegetable oil. The resulting mixture is abundantly lubricated joint, covered with polyethylene and wrapped.
In the period of exacerbation, you can make warm baths of sea or ordinary salt, decoction of spruce cones and needles, iodine and soda. Balneotherapy helps to get rid of pain, improves blood circulation in the affected joint, accelerates the excretion of uric acid.
Answers on questions
Are there alternative treatment options for gout?
In our time, the use of complementary (complementary) techniques is very popular. Alternative medicine can offer a lot of treatment options for gout, based on the concentration, mobilization and redistribution of the body's internal reserves.
The complementary effect is achieved using the following technologies:
- art therapy
- art of relaxation
Other alternative medicine methods are also good - acupuncture, hirudotherapy, electrical stimulation.
Is it possible to use the steam bath during salt deposits?
Not only possible, but necessary. Bath and gout are well combined, so rheumatologists often advise their patients to go to the steam room or sauna more often. Warming up accelerates the absorption of sodium monurates and facilitates their elimination from the body.
What is known about the psychological causes of soy uric acid deposits?
Psychosomatics is considered one of the main factors in the development of gouty arthritis. According to the teachings of the well-known homeopath V. Sinelnikov, salt deposition occurs as a result of the patient’s lack of patience, the desire to dominate and the constant suppression of anger.
Dr. Sinelnikov described four causes of gout:
- high intelligence of the patient,
- poor kidney work on the background of constant self-deception and adjustment to society,
- the inability to express one’s aggression and anger by virtue of upbringing and moral character,
- constant restraint of feelings and emotions.
Gambling is very dependent on the opinions of others, it is important that they think and say about them. Not wanting to show their negative sides, the sick with all their might avoid conflicts, persuading themselves that it is better “bad peace than good war.”
The basic principle of combating the deposition of salts in the joints is to avoid excesses. First of all - in the diet and lifestyle. It is necessary to exercise moderate physical activity, to monitor weight and to refuse alcoholic beverages. This will help alleviate the course of the disease and prolong the relapse-free period.
Signs of salt deposits in the body
The disease manifests itself not immediately. At first it develops quietly, without causing any discomfort. The patient will feel unwell when there is an excess of salts.
Here are signs of the occurrence of this disease in the body:
- Inflammatory process. As a result, it forms a hyperemia of the skin over the affected area and an increase in temperature in it.
- Damage to the muscles and nerve fibers. It manifests itself in advanced cases. The person feels numb and has difficulty moving the joint.
- Pain. If you do not do treatment in a timely manner, then the sensations become permanent and increase with physical exertion.
Depending on the location of the affected area symptoms of salt deposits can be as follows:
- In the knee joint there is a crunch and pain. It is most susceptible to stress, so salt deposition in the knee is detected quickly.
- In the joints of the toes or hands, there is a crunch and an ache. This may signal the development of gout.
This pathology is confirmed during clicks during flexion-extension of the finger. Sometimes it can bother the pain at night. Often salt is deposited on the big toe.
- In the shoulder joint and elbow symptoms are different. The pain can be disturbed even with their immobility. Perhaps the feeling of finding a foreign object in the joint.
- There are clicks in the hip joint and back pain periodically appears. Discomfort is experienced while lying on its side.
- The temporomandibular region suffers from pain and crunch when moving the lower jaw.
If we do not treat salt deposits in a timely manner, it will be almost impossible to stop the destruction of the joints. Even potent drugs are struggling with such an extensive pathology.
Causes of salt deposits
The main reason for the formation of salts in the body is a violation of the salt metabolism in the joint.
Also affects the malfunction of the kidneys, as they are not sufficiently removed salts of uric acid.
This is influenced by a number of features:
- unbalanced diet
- frequent heavy load on the joints
- excess weight,
- bad habits,
- damage to the musculoskeletal system,
- circulatory system diseases
- renal failure
- endocrine disruption,
- dermatological diseases
- wearing uncomfortable shoes.
Any failure in the metabolism can trigger the process of salt deposition in the joints. Under normal conditions, they are able to cope with all surplus substances.
But after the slightest violation or failure of protective reactions, uric acid settles on the joint, and the destructive process begins.
If there are any suspicions about salt deposits in the body and the manifestation of the above symptoms, a therapist should be visited, and based on the testimony of the patient, he will write out a referral for tests or visits to narrow specialists:
- orthopedic surgeon,
- a neurologist,
- manual therapist.
Accurate diagnosis helps to put a number of modern methods. For example, salt deposition can be very well observed on x-rays.
Salt deposits in the hands on X-rays
How to treat salt deposits in the joints
For the treatment of salt deposits there are always two directions:
- eliminating the cause.
Both methods are equally important.
You can not get rid of pain to stop the treatment of the underlying problem. In this case, the symptoms of the disease return again.
All recommendations of the doctor need to follow and use the pills prescribed to them.
A number of drugs are commonly used to treat joint disease and alleviate the condition:
|Short-term elimination of inflammatory and pain syndrome||Ibuprofen, Indomethacin, Ketorolac, Naproxen, Ortofen (Diclofenac)|
|Long-term elimination of inflammatory and pain syndrome||Ketoprofen, Piroxicam, Celebrex, Sulindak|
|Corticosteroid injections for instant pain relief||Hydrocortisone, Metipred, Diprospan, Kenalog|
|Gels and ointments to reduce pain||Voltaren emulgel, Diclac, Diclofenac, Ortofen (ointment), Nurofen-gel, Indomethacin, Indovazin, Finalgel, Artrozilen, Ketonal, Nise|
|Warming drugs||Apizatron, Viprosal, Kapsikam|
Do not self-medicate!
Only a qualified specialist knows how to treat salt deposits in the body.
In the treatment of salt deposits can not be lightly related to nutrition. It is in many cases that causes the occurrence of the disease.
Especially increased risk in a person who abuses alcohol and loves to eat a lot.
To reduce the content of uric acid in the blood of the body and stop the development of the disease, only useful products are used.
Diet with the deposition of salts in the body is presented in the table:
|You can eat||You can eat in limited quantities||Strictly restrict|
|Vegetables||Pork||Bread from high-grade flour|
|Dairy products: milk, cottage cheese, kefir||Butter||Mayonnaise|
|Skinless chicken meat||Groats||Smoked meat|
For the prevention of salt deposits daily use the following products:
- plain water (up to 10 glasses),
- herbal teas
- strawberry and cherry
- almond and walnut,
- vegetable juices.
Men and women in menopausal age are at increased risk. They need to approach proper nutrition with particular responsibility, this is one of the most important stages in the treatment of salt deposits!
Physiotherapy with salt deposits in the body
In addition to adjustments to nutrition and the use of medicines, physiotherapeutic procedures are conducted.
They normalize metabolic processes in the body, contribute to the withdrawal of salts and regenerate damaged tissues.
Four ways are effective:
- Magnetic therapy - helps pacify the pain and leads to normal metabolic processes.
- Mud therapy - biologically active substances from the mud tighten the damaged areas and remove salt from them.
- Diadynamic therapy - This is a treatment method that uses electrical current. It is effective even when the patient can not get out of bed.
- Paraffin therapy - during it, substances from wax penetrate the affected parts of the body and enhance the healing of tissues.
No treatment will bring the desired result unless the lifestyle is revised.
Compliance with simple rules will help to avoid not only the deposition of salts in the joints and the whole body, but also many other diseases.
Lifestyle needs to be corrected as follows:
- Regular exercise or gymnastics. Even regular charging in the morning for 10 minutes is enough. It is also recommended to walk a lot.
- Proper nutrition. Overeating is strictly prohibited, and fasting days are welcome.
- Vitamins and trace elements. The diet should be designed so that the body does not lack any element.
- Rejection of bad habits. Allowed to drink alcohol occasionally in small quantities.
If any suspicion of salt deposition occurs, immediately take action: it is easier to remove the illness at the initial stage than to experience wild pains in dealing with a neglected case.
It is better to use preventive measures so that the disease never appears and does not need to be treated.