With dizziness, people often darken in the eyes. These two symptoms can develop simultaneously, for example, after excessive physical or psycho-emotional overstrain. In addition, such attacks can be a symptom of dangerous diseases.
Do not ignore the darkening in the eyes, accompanied by dizziness, especially if these symptoms occur on a regular basis. Be sure to go to the doctor and undergo a comprehensive examination.
Why does it get dark in the eyes and dizzy?
If a person has excellent health, but from time to time his eyes darken, then this symptom is not always associated with any pathologies. Although exclude the disease is 100% impossible.
The main factors that cause darkening in the eyes are:
Lack of fluid in the body. To avoid any health problems, you need to drink at least 2 liters of water every day.
Long hunger strike. A similar symptom is often observed in people who keep a fast menu or are on a strict diet.
Age-related changes of the body: menopause, old age, puberty.
Adherence to bad habits. In this regard, smoking, alcohol abuse and drug use are dangerous.
Excessive physical exertion, unbearable for humans
High levels of hemoglobin in the blood.
Lack of vitamins and minerals.
Diabetes mellitus and other endocrine pathologies.
The period of carrying a child.
Why does it get dark in the eyes when you get up?
Often, people notice that their eyes darken during a sharp rise from the spot. The main cause of this symptom is the lack of oxygen in the tissues and organs. This condition is characterized by the term hypoxia. Lack of oxygen causes orthostatic hypotension, which often develops with heart disease. If it got dark in the eyes when getting out of bed, this may indicate that the person has low blood pressure.
Often, doctors hear complaints of darkening in the eyes of patients who take drugs such as:
With a sharp decrease in blood pressure in a person will always darken in the eyes. At the same time, symptoms such as:
Weakness in the body.
To ignore the darkening in the eyes should not be. First you need to sit down to avoid injury. Sometimes the darkness in the eyes passes after the person calms down. When this phenomenon is observed often, you need to go to see a doctor.
What to do if sharply darkens in the eyes?
If it gets dark and dizzy in the eyes, then in order to cope with the attack, you need to follow the following recommendations:
You must try to saturate the body with the maximum amount of oxygen. To this end, you can go outside, take a comfortable position, get some fresh air. When you are in a stuffy room, you should open the windows. If there are elements of clothing on your neck and chest that hamper your breathing, you need to get rid of them.
In order not to fall, you need to sit down or lie down. It is good if you have the opportunity to raise the legs to elevation, so that they are above the head. Thus, blood will be better flow to the brain.
Be sure to use the tonometer and measure blood pressure.
When a person clearly understands the reason for the attack that has occurred, efforts should be directed at eliminating it. If the eyes of a diabetic darken in the face of hunger, you can drink a glass of sweet water. This measure will increase the level of glucose in the blood and cope with the attack.
If your head is spinning and darkens in the eyes due to prolonged exposure to the sun, then you need to go into the shade or in a cool room.
When the cause cannot be established, and the attack does not go away, the ambulance team should be called. Doctors will examine the person and suggest how to cope with the existing problem.
Provided that the attack happened once, you should not panic. However, regularly occurring blackout in the eyes requires seeking medical attention.
What not to do?
If a person does not know what is the cause of the attack, it is forbidden to take any medications. Otherwise, you can harm your health. You should not make sudden movements, you can not quickly turn his head, tilt it down, as this may lead to a fall. Be sure to visit the doctor, or call the medical team at home.
It is forbidden to squat and bend down. Need to take the most comfortable posture. It should not be after the end of the attack to start smoking or drinking alcohol.
Causes that can not be ignored
Sometimes a person gets dark in the eyes and feel dizzy due to various diseases, among them:
Vegetative dystonia. The head can not only spin, but also hurt. Localized pain in the temples and in the back of the head.
Cervical osteochondrosis. At the same time, the head is spinning and darkens in the eyes of a person most often in the morning and evening. The attack intensifies when turning the head, when bending and when changing the position of the body.
Migraine. People with migraine have a headache that is very sore and dizzy, and there may be tinnitus. Often, patients complain of increased photosensitivity, nausea.
Diseases of the inner ear, which may be associated with a disruption in the functioning of the vestibular apparatus.
Transferred injuries to the skull and brain.
Neuralgia of the ternary nerve. In this case, the person darkens in the eyes. Treatment should be prompt, as the disease faces serious complications. Antibiotics are most commonly required.
Cancer tumors. Attacks of dizziness and darkening in the eyes will occur on a permanent basis.
Orthostatic hypotension. This pathology is associated with somatic and neurological disorders, which leads to a sharp decrease in blood pressure levels. The body hardly adapts to the rapidly developing hypoxia, which leads to a fit of dizziness and darkening in the eyes. Most often this situation happens after a night rest. The severity of symptoms and their duration may vary. Sometimes patients even have fainting. In addition, sweating may increase, and pain occurs in the epigastric region. Psychosensory impairment is a severe manifestation of hypotension. The disease requires quality therapy.
Anemia, accompanied by a decrease in the level of hemoglobin in the blood. Normally, the blood contains a large number of red blood cells (red blood cells), which are responsible for transporting oxygen to the tissues and organs. With anemia, the body will suffer from oxygen starvation. First of all it affects the state of the brain. Therefore, anemia is always accompanied by bouts of dizziness. The patient turns pale skin, weakness increases. Various diseases of the digestive system organs, growing tumors, etc., can provoke the disease.
Perhaps the development of dizziness and darkening in the eyes of people with stroke. At the same time the arteries are broken in the brain, which leads to damage to its tissues. This condition requires emergency medical care.
Dizzy spells haunt patients with cardiovascular diseases, as they always provoke a violation of blood flow to the brain.
Hypoglycemia with a drop in the level of sugar in the blood leads to the fact that the patient with diabetes begins to feel dizzy and dark in the eyes. In severe cases, a person may even fall into a coma.
Diseases of the organs of vision. Dizziness often develops with a cataract, since deterioration of blood flow in the eyeball leads to disruption in the transmission of information to the brain.
If a person is constantly dizzy, and also darkens in the eyes, you need to contact a doctor. Ignoring these symptoms will lead to serious consequences. The doctor will prescribe a comprehensive diagnosis to the patient, and then select the necessary treatment.
A person who turns to the doctor with complaints of dizziness and darkening in his eyes must be prepared for the fact that he will be prescribed a lot of research. Only a comprehensive diagnosis will determine the true cause of attacks.
Possible diagnostic measures:
Determining the level of pressure.
Ultrasound of the neck and brain vessels.
MRI of the brain.
Computed tomography of the cervical spine. In addition, this study can detect cancer.
Examination of the fundus of the eye, measuring eye pressure.
Blood donation for general and biochemical analysis. Be sure to determine the level of blood cholesterol, hormones and hemoglobin.
Perform bacterial seeding and blood sampling to identify viral and bacterial infections, as they can lead to disruption of the functioning of the brain.
Perform neurological tests.
Sometimes in order to get rid of the attacks, it is enough just to change your eating habits, as well as follow the regime points and devote a sufficient amount of time to sleep. Although in some cases dangerous states that require serious treatment lead to dizziness.
Drugs that can be prescribed to the patient:
Antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs. They are prescribed for the treatment of otitis media, as well as infections that affect the brain.
Antidepressants, sedatives and agents that normalize blood flow. Such treatment is indicated for patients with VSD, with irregular blood pressure, as well as people who have suffered severe stress or wear out depression.
Vitamins of group B, calcium antagonists and drugs that improve the nutrition of the brain. Such drugs are indicated for the reception of patients with hypoxia and people engaged in severe mental labor.
Massage, physiotherapy, as well as taking medications that normalize vascular tone, is indicated for patients suffering from osteochondrosis or other diseases of the cervical spine.
Hormones should be taken in patients with endocrine disruption.
Iron supplements are prescribed to patients with anemia.
The dosage of drugs, as well as the duration of the course of treatment is determined by the doctor, based on the individual characteristics of the course of the disease.
To minimize the risk of dizziness and darkening of the eyes, the following recommendations should be followed:
As often as possible to visit the fresh air.
Adhere to the principles of proper nutrition.
Hardened by taking a contrast shower.
Increase physical activity, engage in Nordic walking.
Drink enough water.
To refuse from bad habits.
Regularly undergo preventive examinations.
Allocate a sufficient amount of time to rest, sleep at least 8 hours a day.
To be in the fresh air more often, to air the rooms regularly.
Education: Moscow Medical Institute. I. M. Sechenov, specialty - “Medicine” in 1991, in 1993 “Occupational diseases”, in 1996 “Therapy”.
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With dizziness at least once in a life each person faced. The reasons for its occurrence can be many. Sometimes the head is spinning for quite a harmless reason, for example, because of hunger or on the background of overwork.
Dizziness in combination with weakness and nausea may indicate a banal overwork, which was caused by mental or physical exertion. If these symptoms occur at regular intervals, then they can be considered as a signal to the body about any problems.
Vertigo dizziness, or in a scientific manner, is an unpleasant symptom, in which a person feels that surrounding objects rotate around him, or he moves in space, and the floor leans and goes under his feet. This feeling rarely occurs in isolation: usually accompanied by dizziness.
Dizziness, as a symptom, is surrounded by many myths. For example, it is believed that the most common cause of dizziness is damage to the cervical spine (osteochondrosis, hernia of the spinal disc, etc.).
The main reasons for what is happening
What makes your head spinning and dark in the eyes when standing up? The reasons for this condition are many. It takes into account other symptoms or their absence.
Here are the possible problems:
- taking antibiotics or tranquilizers,
- low pressure,
- thyroid disease,
- vascular dystonia,
- cervical osteochondrosis,
- inflammatory processes
- traumatic brain injury
- trigeminal neuralgia,
- high level of adrenaline in the blood.
Older people often have fainting, vomiting, weakness, may darken in the eyes, ring and make noise in the ears. Vertigo in older people is a common problem associated with the aging process.
It may also be a symptom of a disease. Seduet in a timely manner to consult a doctor to identify the problem and treatment.
The use of new drugs or a change in dosage can cause side effects: pressure drops, which cause a person to turn black in the eyes and dizziness can be observed, can throw fever, shake, discomfort in the stomach (tingling, pulling pains). Sometimes it's hard to wake up.
If symptoms occur after prescribing new drugs and do not disappear instantly, it is easy to diagnose. Dizzy for a long time, if the content of a substance in the blood is maintained at a high level. In case of toxic brain poisoning, dizziness is constantly present.
For making a diagnosis of arterial hypotension (lowering blood pressure by more than 20% of normal values), the patient has a constant feeling of fatigue, weakness, confusion, shortness of breath during physical exertion, and general malaise. Not always all the symptoms occur, several of these are enough.
Any person can fall pressure, as among the causes of this disease are:
- overvoltage, stressful situations,
- excessive exercise
- lack of vitamins and nutritional components in the body,
- vascular dystonia.
With a sharp drop in pressure, it is recommended to sit, wait until the body returns to normal.
This vital endocrine organ regulates calcium, sodium, and other ions, blood pressure, heart rate, and metabolism. When the thyroid gland pathology occurs, dizziness occurs, it is non-systemic in nature, often has a psychogenic component - arises against the background of emotional and mental overstrain.
Environmental features of the region, working conditions, lack of sleep and stressful situations provoke the occurrence of vascular insufficiency, which is observed even in adolescents.At the same time pressure decreases, there is a darkening in the eyes, very dizzy. IRR and dizziness are interrelated, and their treatment is carried out comprehensively.
Dizziness in this disease (a pathological change in the intervertebral discs in the neck, which is observed even in adolescence) occurs every time in the morning or at night with pain after sleeping. The duration is both a few minutes and a few hours, accompanied by tinnitus, ringing, blurred vision.
Occurs due to deterioration of the blood supply to the brain. Vertigo increases with sharp turns, neck tilts.
Inflammation of the inner ear or otitis is recognized by pain in the ears or one ear. In this case, dizziness acts as an additional, that is, an auxiliary symptom. Also, there is a strong headache, congestion in the ear, loss of coordination with a sharp rise.
Neuralgic disease, which is localized in one place (in one eye or in the temporal region) and manifested by seizures, is a migraine. Accompanied by intolerance to loud sounds, bright light.
Also, the person suffering from the disease may feel dizzy, it may nauseate. Often occur during pregnancy.
Traumatic brain injury
A concussion is characterized by a brief loss of consciousness at the time of the injury. Accompanied by vomiting, headache, midges before the eyes, dizzy, weakness.
The same symptoms, with the exception of vomiting and the probability of losing consciousness, are observed after operations and in the post-traumatic period. The treatment is prescribed by a neurologist, self-treatment in this situation is dangerous to health.
Neuralgia of the trigeminal nerve
This is a chronic disease, accompanied by pain. With neuralgia, even the slightest irritation provokes severe pain. In no case should one put pressure on the focus of pain.
Dizziness in this case occurs as a side effect of drug treatment. The patient has a violation of consciousness, double vision, can suddenly vomit, sleepy.
The common symptoms of cancer appear at one stage or another, and anemia is often found among them. It is provoked by certain disorders in the tissues that are responsible for the production of blood, internal bleeding.
It is characterized by paleness, dizziness, weakness. Sometimes fainting occurs. When oncology dizzy often and strongly, limb can go numb.
Anemia is combined with other symptoms of a malignant tumor. It is a mistake to take vomiting accompanied by dizziness, weakness and exhaustion as a sign of cancer.
Patients who have suffered a stroke, noted frequent darkening in the eyes and circling of the head. Causes include vascular lesions, atrophy and necrosis of nerve endings, psycho-emotional overstrain, cervical osteochondrosis.
To learn how to treat this disease, you must conduct a competent examination. Prescribed drugs are aimed at improving blood flow to the brain.
Increased adrenaline levels
The hormone adrenaline is a biologically active substance, always present in the human body. When anxiety or stressful situation the body reacts instantly, throwing a large amount of this hormone into the blood. After a short time, adrenaline levels return to normal.
If the level of the hormone in the blood does not decrease for a long time, an increase in the heart muscle is possible, which provokes diseases of the heart and blood vessels, as well as kidney failure and other diseases of the internal organs.
High levels of the hormone in the blood signal:
- weight loss,
- heartbeat may increase
- emotional imbalance.
What is pathological orthostatic hypotension?
The drop in systolic (at the time of contraction of the heart by more than 20 mm Hg) and diastolic (at the time of heart relaxation by more than 10 mm Hg) pressure when the body position changes during the first 3 minutes in a vertical position is orthostatic hypotension.
It occurs during a sharp rise, when rising from a bed, also when rising from a squatting position. You need to lie down smoothly, “throwing” your body is contraindicated.
The disease is not independent. With orthostatic hypotension, symptoms of varying severity are observed: from mild dizziness to deep fainting.
Diagnosis of ailment
In the absence of normal blood flow in the eyes, you should seek help from a therapist and an ophthalmologist, as well as a neurologist.
If you have problems with the thyroid gland - contact your endocrinologist.
If you experience dizziness or have pain in this part of the body, visit an otolaryngologist to exclude or confirm otitis. In some cases, it is worth visiting an oncologist.
In case of cervical osteochondrosis, it is important to visit a surgeon and a vertebrologist.
First, an anamnesis and external examination of the patient is necessary. The main methods of examination:
- visual field survey.
If symptoms of high adrenaline levels are detected, blood must be donated to determine the level of the hormone. Blood is taken from a vein, on an empty stomach, twice with an interval of 10 minutes.
Causes of dizziness and blurred eyes
Attacks of severe darkening in the eyes can be observed periodically or systematically once or twice a day. The reasons for this change of well-being are many, so the body signals a violation. The exact reason can only be determined by a specialist, having examined the patient, interviewing him and receiving the results of a diagnostic examination (ECG, MRI, etc.). This may be a symptom of a developing disease, a consequence of injury or illness, or a one-time reaction to an external factor, such as overheating in the sun.
At the initial stage of the disease, osteochondrosis practically does not manifest itself. But further, when the destruction of the bone-cartilage tissues of the intervertebral discs of the cervical region occurs, the nerve endings are clamped and the blood vessels are deformed. At the same time, the blood supply worsens and, as a result, dizziness and darkening in the eyes occur. In osteochondrosis, it is necessary to regularly carry out massages, due to which the blood flow improves. And after visiting the doctor, you need to undergo a course of complex therapy. Most often there is pain and an attack when the head is spinning and in the eyes fog, after sleeping, when rising from a bed. That is why we need massages and a special set of gymnastic exercises.
Dizziness and blackening in the eyes often appear on the background of physiological processes that continuously occur in the body. These include:
- Increased adrenaline in the blood (when a person is under stress, overexcitement or emotional shock).
- Long stay on top.
- Exhaustion of the body by strict diets, in which the body is experiencing acute glucose deficiency.
- Use of certain groups of drugs (antibiotics, antiseptics, tranquilizers).
- Perform physical exercises that imply sharp turns of the head or torso.
In these cases, in order to overcome ailment, it is necessary to eliminate its root cause. For example, calm down, refuse treatment with specific medications, or start a balanced diet. If such recommendations for 5-7 days do not give the desired result, you need to consult a doctor. The specialist will be able to easily determine the causes of the disorder, and, if necessary, prescribe therapy.
When is the alarm worth sounding?
Most often with the problem of dizziness and blackening in the eyes are faced with severe orthostatic hypotension. Under this terrible term is commonly understood manifestations of some somatic and neurological pathologies. In the role of the main symptom of orthostatic hypotension is a sharp drop in blood pressure to the minimum. Doctors associate his appearance with a change in the position of a person, for example, when he gets out of bed after sleep. The severity of this disorder may vary.
In its mild form, the patient complains of a state resembling pre-fainting. At the same time he is dizzy and dark in the eyes, nausea appears. The fear of losing consciousness gradually develops. In some cases, increased sweating, there is a feeling of pressure in the epigastric region. The duration of the attack itself usually does not exceed 5 minutes.
In severe form of the disorder, psychosensory disturbances are observed. The intensity of the symptoms that were listed above increases markedly. The fall of blood pressure often ends this faint. The duration of such an attack is about 20 seconds.
Among other reasons that affect the occurrence of the disorder, doctors point out:
- Vascular dystonia. At the same time, patients complain not only of dizziness, but also of a severe headache. Discomfort is most often localized in the temples and neck.
- Cervical osteochondrosis. The disorder usually occurs in the morning and evening. Vertigo increases when turning the head, bending the body or abruptly changing the position.
- Migraine. Patients who are familiar with migraines are rarely interested in why they feel dizzy. They usually have this symptom with tinnitus, nausea, photophobia and other ailments.
- Diseases of the inner ear, due to the disruption of the functioning of the vestibular apparatus.
- Traumatic brain injury.
- Cancers of varying severity. In this case, patients almost every day there is a darkening in the eyes and dizziness.
- Inflammation of the inner ear. For example, otitis media is accompanied by congestion in the ear, severe headache, and impaired consciousness when changing body position.
- Cataract. The disease is characterized by impaired visual acuity. It always requires surgical treatment, because taking medication does not give the desired result.
- Neuralgia of the trigeminal nerve. This pathology is indicated by clouding of the eyes. Its treatment should begin as soon as possible to prevent the development of negative consequences. Therapy most often comes down to the use of antibacterial agents.
If you feel dizzy, and before your eyes constantly appears the shroud, you need to seek qualified medical assistance. You can not leave such symptoms without proper attention. After a full examination, the doctor will be able to diagnose and recommend concomitant therapy.
Stroke is another cause of frustration.
If suddenly dizzy, and vision deteriorated sharply, it is necessary to exclude a stroke. After all, these are its first manifestations. In order not to waste time in vain, it is better to call a brigade of medical workers.
In addition to those listed above, the following symptoms may indicate a stroke:
- slurred speech
- pronounced squint,
- violation of symmetry of the face.
The presence of at least one of these problems may signal a stroke. The headache of the victim does not always occur. If this kind of seizures make themselves felt at regular intervals, it's time to think about problems with cerebral circulation. Ignoring the initial symptoms of pathology can lead to sad consequences. In severe cases, stroke ends with paralysis and paresis, disability.
What should I do if a person standing next to me is dizzy and dark in his eyes? The first step is to call the team of medical workers, and only after starting to provide assistance.
You need to open the window, if you are indoors, to provide access to oxygen. The victim can be very carefully laid on the ground, undo the squeezing body clothes, try to calm him down. In this case, the legs should be slightly raised. In this case, the blood flow to the brain will increase markedly.
Many people who have fallen into this situation know the reason for the indisposition and can help with their story. For example, a diabetic person explains that he forgot or did not take food on time. He needs to give a drink of sweet water and wait a little. After that, it is recommended to measure the indicators of blood sugar by means of a pocket glucometer. Such a device all diabetics carry with them.
What is strictly forbidden to do? If a person has an acute headache, a veil before his eyes, in no case should he be left alone. The condition of the victim can quickly deteriorate and even be fatal. In addition, doctors do not recommend trying to remedy the situation with improvised medicines. For such symptoms it is very difficult to correctly determine the cause of the disease. Self-treatment sometimes only aggravates the clinical picture. In some cases, it leads to the development of anaphylactic shock and an allergic reaction to drugs.
Dizzy may for many reasons. Therefore, do not ignore this symptom. If its manifestations are accompanied by darkening in the eyes, an urgent need to seek medical advice. First, the doctor will prescribe a comprehensive examination of the body. It usually includes an MRI, ultrasound of the vessels of the head and neck, ophthalmoscopy and consultation with narrow specialists. After that, the specialist will be able to determine the true diagnosis, which will determine the further tactics of treatment.
For example, therapy for vegetative-vascular dystonia is reduced to taking sedative medications, a course of exercise therapy and limiting stressful situations. In case of protracted illness, physiotherapeutic effects on the body are additionally recommended, a special massage of the collar area and acupuncture.
Treatment of cancer pathologies is prescribed individually. The patient is usually prescribed radiation / chemotherapy, and if necessary, surgical intervention is required. In inflammatory processes in the region of the inner ear, drug therapy is recommended.
Any disease is easier to prevent than to treat later. If dizziness or shroud before the eyes are a consequence of physiological disorders in the body, you should try to reconsider your lifestyle. To do this, doctors recommend more rest, abide by the regime of work and rest, avoid stress and eat right. With the pathological causes of the disorder, prevention includes the same principles. Only they can add timely treatment of any diseases.
Why do ears and neck hurt
The article discusses why dizzy and dark in the eyes. We talk about the causes of these symptoms in the normal state of the body and during pregnancy. You will learn what to do if you feel dizzy and dark in the eyes, which actions will bring relief, and which ones can make you feel worse.
What are the symptoms?
Attacks of dizziness and headache can occur only once in life, and can occur systematically, several times a day.
In most cases, these symptoms are caused by orthostatic hypotension - a sharp drop in blood pressure to dangerously low levels. Orthostatic hypotension in the weak manifestation lasts no more than 5 seconds. The pressure surge in this case is sharp, the symptoms disappear as quickly as they appear.
In severe cases, the attack lasts for about 20 seconds, during which the person is in the faint state, and sometimes faints for a few seconds. The main causes of orthostatic hypotension:
- Cardiac - hypovolemia, vascular weakness due to lack of exercise, reduction in cardiac output, etc.
- Neurological - damage to the spinal cord, central as well as the peripheral nervous system.
- External - alcohol intake, as well as medicines, the main or side effect of which causes dilation of blood vessels.
Dizziness and blackening in the eyes is often caused by vascular dystonia. In this case, the symptoms are accompanied by respiratory disorders, irritability, insomnia, aching pain in the heart, etc.
People suffering from IRR painfully endure the heat, and feel “suffocated” while in cramped, poorly ventilated rooms. The causes of vegetative-vascular dystonia are chronic or sluggish diseases of internal organs.
These symptoms can be signs of anemia - blood diseases, leading to a decrease in the level of red blood cells and hemoglobin.
As a result - the development of chronic oxygen starvation, with exacerbations of which dizziness and darkening in the eyes occurs.
This symptom is often observed in people with developing atherosclerosis of the vessels and various pathologies of the cardiovascular system. In the latter case, an attack can be caused not only by disorders of the blood supply to the brain, but also, for example, by a heart valve defect.
A sharp darkening in the eyes and dizziness is characteristic of diabetics. This group of people is prone to hypoglycemia - a state of acute lack of sugar in the blood.
The most dangerous cause of dizziness and blackening in the eyes is a stroke - the death of brain tissue as a result of a blood clot or rupture of one of the vessels. In this case, only emergency hospitalization measures will help to avoid death.
Causes of symptom during pregnancy
Toxicosis often causes darkening of the eyes and dizziness in pregnant women. This is due to the weakening of the body and the lack of oxygen in the blood and nutrients, as a result of frequent gagging and long breaks between meals.
Pregnancy also implies a sedentary lifestyle and a long stay of a woman in a horizontal position. Taking a vertical position, in most cases, women with a long gestation period tend to feel these symptoms.
In late pregnancy, the enlarged uterus can squeeze the internal vessels, thereby hindering blood flow. In addition, hemoglobin levels can be lowered in the blood of a pregnant woman.
The future mother may suffer from various diseases associated with impaired blood supply to the brain and disorders of the cardiovascular system, orthostatic hypotension, vascular dystonia, etc.
What to do if you feel dizzy and dark in the eyes
At the time of the attack, you should quickly find any support and hold on to it until you fully normalize your well-being. If the attack lasts longer than 5 seconds, you must immediately take a horizontal position, or at least sit down.
With prolonged dizziness, the patient should be in a quiet, well-ventilated place. A cold compress will help to relieve symptoms more quickly if at the same time a person closes his eyes and tries to relax.
These symptoms in most cases are not harbingers of serious diseases. Therefore, for prevention, first of all you should try to observe the following rules:
- get up more smoothly and slowly
- to spend more time on walks and active lifestyle,
- to sleep at least 8 hours a day,
- avoid high physical and emotional stress
- follow the balance of the diet, consume more vitamins.
If symptoms occur during the course of medication, then you should inform your doctor. The reason for going to the hospital are too frequent bouts of dizziness and darkening of the eyes. This may be the result of the development or exacerbation of one of the cardiovascular or neurological diseases.
It is also important to have a blood pressure monitor in your home that allows you to constantly monitor blood pressure levels.
What not to do
If the seizure occurred during exercise, then it should be stopped immediately, regardless of the importance of the actions performed. Until the symptoms disappear, no sudden movements can be made, especially with the head.
Alcohol constricts blood vessels, which leads to an increase in pressure. Therefore, from its reception should refrain in the next couple of hours after the attack. This also applies to drugs whose effects on blood pressure are not known to you.
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Traditional methods of treatment
Some folk remedies improve the blood circulation of the brain and eliminate the causes of dizziness. This is herbal tinctures and fees. Here are some proven methods of treatment and prevention:
- Herbal collection. You will need motherwort, hawthorn, dogrose and meadowsweet flowers. All mix and pour boiling water, then the broth is infused day. Take before each meal.
- Red clover tincture. Collect flowers in the period when they are just beginning to open. Inflorescences pour into the bottle and pour vodka. Infusion strain. Take a teaspoon before each meal.
Traditional medicine should be used as an adjunct without replacing drug treatment.
Fog appears in the eyes and dizzy - this can be a sign of vegetative-vascular dystonia. This is the most common cause of such symptoms, which is accompanied by a disorder of the functions of the autonomic nervous system. At the same time, the patient feels constant weakness, aches, pain in the eyes, fatigue, fever, recurrent nausea and constant stress. Dystonia is of two types:
With this diagnosis, in addition to being dizzy and dark in the eyes, there is a violation of the gastrointestinal tract, constipation or diarrhea. During the development of the attack sharply throws into heat and begins to intensively twist the stomach. In a state of calm, discomfort and pain can occur in the navel. At low loads there is shortness of breath and malfunction in the rhythm of the heart. Some of these conditions are confused with angina or hypertension.
Independently at home it is impossible to establish vegetative-vascular dystonia, because similar symptoms, and most importantly, darkening and dizziness can signal the occurrence of various diseases.
This is not a disease, but rather a symptom of neurological pathologies. With orthostatic hypotension, dizziness and blackening in the eyes are sometimes observed. Accompanied by profuse sweating and a decrease in blood pressure. The attack lasts 3-5 minutes, while the skin turns pale and fear of fainting occurs. Severe hypotension in the eyes appears fog and dizzy every day, and the duration of the attack can be up to 10 minutes.
This problem often occurs in people suffering from heart or vascular insufficiency. Many do not understand why dizzy, but this is due to the following reasons:
- a sharp expansion of the vessels, and as a result of a decrease in pressure. From this difference happens lack of oxygen and begins to ruffle in the eyes. With 5-7 deep breaths, the state is restored,
- Failures in the heartbeat (tachycardia, arrhythmia) cause insufficient blood supply to the cerebral cortex and this causes a dizziness and clouding in the eyes.
Such disruptions as the feeling that the head is spinning and fog appears in the eyes is the result of improper circulation, due to which the necessary amount of oxygen is not supplied to the organs.
Other causes of vertigo
Orthostatic hypotension and vegetative-vascular dystonia are the most frequent factors that make your head spin and dark in the eyes. But these signs may indicate other disruptions in the body:
- lack of glucose usually occurs in diets
- oxygen deficiency
- anemia - low hemoglobin protein,
- pregnancy, in which periodic dizziness and blackening in the eyes is a normal phenomenon associated with oxygen deficiency,
- a sharp release of the hormone adrenaline into the blood in case of fright or joy,
- the negative effects of traumatic brain injuries, in which there are their own in the work of the nervous system,
- the occurrence of benign or malignant neoplasms,
- inflammation in the inner ear,
- side effect when taking sedatives, antibacterial and hypnotic drugs.
If mist appears in your eyes and you feel dizzy, you need to undergo a medical examination, because it can indicate a serious illness, even cancer.
What to do with dizziness and darkening in the eyes
If a mist appears in the eyes and starts to feel dizzy, the following measures should be taken to ensure that the attack retreats:
- get access to oxygen. To do this, you need to go out into the street and take a comfortable position to get some fresh air. If there is no such possibility - open the windows wide, undo the buttons on the clothes so that nothing squeezes the breath,
- take a horizontal position, in order to avoid falling, because during an attack a sense of space is lost and coordination is disturbed. It is better that the legs are above the head, this will improve the blood flow to the head,
- It is necessary to measure pressure in order to navigate what to do.
If a person knows the cause of the attack, which is manifested by the fact that the fog is in the eyes and is very dizzy, it should be removed. If the diabetic forgot to eat, you need to drink some sweet water, it will increase the level of glucose and improve health. When dieting, feeling dizzy, you need to reconsider the diet. When an attack occurs in the sun, you need to hide in the shade or go into a cool room. For unknown reasons, you need to call an ambulance crew who will examine the patient, give an injection and tell you what to do in this particular case.
A one-time vertigo, with double vision or darkening, does not pose any threat. But the systematic deterioration of the state is a signal of a serious disease that cannot be ignored.
What you can not do with a fit of dizziness
In no case can not take medications, not knowing the exact reason why double vision and dizzy. This may aggravate the situation. Also, it is not recommended to make sudden movements, especially with the head, as it is possible to lose balance and fall. Do not neglect the call of the doctor and his advice.
When the eyes are dark and often begins to feel dizzy, you can not squat or bend down. It is necessary to take a position in which the patient will be comfortable. Immediately after an attack of dizziness and darkening in the eyes, it is forbidden to take alcohol or smoke.
I would like to note that dizziness is not a disease. This is a symptom of one of many diseases. Treatment of vertigo does not make sense, because you need to eliminate its cause. Often, the attacks of when the fog appears in the eyes and feel dizzy can lead to negative consequences and failures in the work of many organs. Because of this, in this case it is prohibited to engage in self-treatment or traditional medicine until an accurate diagnosis has been established by a qualified medical specialist. This may be a neoplasm, which is immediately subject to surgical intervention, therefore it is impossible to waste time and you should immediately consult a doctor.