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Drug treatment of myalgia is to eliminate the cause of pain. For this purpose, such medications as Mydocalm, Baclofen and Tizanidine are used.
- Mydocalm The treatment regimen of this drug is developed individually by the attending physician. Usually, the daily dose varies in the range of 150-450 mg. Initially, it is recommended to use the product at 50 mg at a time (there should be 3 of them altogether). The drug has contraindications. It can not be used for allergies and children up to 3 months. Among the side effects include headache and muscle pain, nausea, general weakness and allergic reactions. To eliminate unpleasant symptoms, simply stop taking the means and adjust the dosage with a specialist.
- Baclofen The treatment regimen, as with the previous drug, must be individualized. Be sure to take the medication is necessary during a meal. The initial dose is 15 mg. Usually, the tool is taken in several stages. During the first 3 days, 3 times a day, 10 mg (half a tablet). The next 3 days, one tablet, the next 3 days, one and a half tablets. Concluding three days for 2 tablets. It is impossible to accept means to people with the increased hypersensitivity, and also during pregnancy. In case of gastric and duodenal ulcers, admission is strictly prohibited, possibly worsening of the condition. Side effects mass, they can manifest themselves from the gastrointestinal tract in the form of nausea, vomiting. The nervous system suffers: weakness and headaches. Perhaps an increase in body weight, impotence.
- Tizanidine. It should be applied on 2-4 mg 3 times a day. If the condition is severe, then the same dose is used at night. Regarding the last use, you should consult a doctor. The tool is used exclusively on an individual scheme. Use of the drug can not be in case of hypersensitivity to its main components. As for side effects, headache, nausea, vomiting, dry mouth and lowering blood pressure are possible.
Solving the problem with the use of medications alone will not be easy. Therefore, it is necessary to connect to this action, special physiotherapy, as well as massage. About the technology of its implementation will be discussed below. Not the last place is engaged in medical gymnastics. It is important to start the exercise with maximum stress. This will eliminate pain. Gymnastics is based on exercises designed to lead to relaxation. It is necessary to create a uniform load and relax synchronously.
Almost the same essence of the work of manual therapy. Muscles begin not only to relax, but even to tingle. In addition, widely used specific therapy, which is aimed at working with many internal organs. But this is useful when myalgia was caused by serious illnesses. More details about each method will be described below.
Prednisolone for myalgia
This medicine is widely used in the practice of eliminating muscle pain. The dosage should be set individually and only by the attending physician. If the condition is severe, usually prescribed 20-30 mg per day. This equates to 4-6 pills. If you need a maintenance dose, then 5-10 mg. Children can use the remedy from 2 months, at this age the dosage is calculated: 2g of the drug per kilogram of weight. From one year to 14 years old, 1-2 mg / kg intravenously. If there is an urgent need, the introduction is repeated.
Side effects include obesity. The female gender is particularly affected, and hormonal disruption is possible. As a result of this, the beard and mustache begins to grow. There may be problems with the menstrual cycle. The digestive tract often suffers, brittle nails and hair appear. The blood may not clot as well as before, there is a risk of an infectious disease. Often there are mental disorders. It is enough to stop taking the funds, as the person will come back to normal.
Contraindications are hypertension, pregnancy and the presence of diabetes. People with nephritis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer to take the tool in any case impossible. The same applies to patients with infectious diseases, including tuberculosis.
Vacuum Cure Treatments
The method of vacuum therapy allows for a short time to put a person on his feet, in the presence of debilitating pain. Strengthen the action will drain the soft tissues. It produces a local vasodilator effect. In addition, it actively affects the skin and reduces the level of secreted subcutaneous fat.
Vacuum therapy focused on the spine can reduce body fat. This has a positive effect on the range of motion. Thus, a person achieves maximum relief. The effect on amplitude leads to an improvement in metabolic processes.
The method of passive vacuum therapy allows you to safely eliminate all the most unpleasant symptoms of myalgia. It forms scattered hypodermic hematomas that have an immune-modeling effect. You should not underestimate this technique. She is really effective. It can be used both independently and with other ways to fix the problem.
Massage for myalgia
Massage is of particular importance in the treatment of muscle pain. You need to start it from the bottom up. First, the stroking of the gluteal muscles is performed, then squeezing, kneading and shaking are done. You need to repeat the complex from beginning to end 2-3 times.
Then go to the hips. There is a combined stroking, squeezing, shaking and kneading. Then make a double ring and double neck. Then again everything is repeated in a circle. On the calf muscle is stroking, squeezing, kneading, shaking and stroking. After which the complex is repeated from the first action. Yes, to understand what is at stake is not so simple. After all, this massage is not performed independently, it is done only by a specialist. The main actions are presented solely for information.
It should be noted that the massage should be preceded by thermal procedures. These include bath, paraffin therapy and sollux. Steam and dry-air baths are especially effective. Massage can be performed directly in the bath, which will only improve the effect.
Ointment with myalgia
It is possible to treat myalgia not only with medicines for internal use. It is enough to resort to the use of special ointments. They can be used both independently and in combination therapy. The most commonly prescribed products are such as Finalgon, Analgos and Fastum - gel.
- Finalgon. The first thing is to put a small amount of the drug on the skin and follow the reaction. If there are no allergic manifestations, then the treatment with this remedy can be carried out. Usually the product is applied 2-3 times a day with a thin layer on the affected area. Some people feel significant relief after a single application of the tool, but it is applied with a thick layer. The duration of treatment should not exceed 10 days. Children under the age of 12 years, as well as people with hypersensitivity are prohibited. Adverse reactions include hives, itching, burning, redness of the area, inflammation.
- Analgos. The tool must be rubbed into the affected area several times a day. The treatment lasts until the symptoms disappear. It is advisable to consult with a specialist about this. Use the tool can not be people with hypersensitivity, as well as in childhood. With care ointment is used during pregnancy. Adverse reactions include dyspnea, pressure reduction, itching.
- Fastum gel. Apply the product 1-2 times a day on the affected area with a thin layer. The duration of treatment should not exceed 10 days. The only contraindication lies in hypersensitivity. As for adverse reactions, itching, burning, redness and eczema are not excluded.
Folk treatment of myalgia
Relieve muscle pain will help folk remedies. But they must be applied with extreme caution. So, you should prepare the tincture of bay leaf. To do this, take three tablespoons of the main ingredient in a crushed form. After that, all poured sunflower oil. The remedy should be given about 10 days in order for it to be present. When it is ready, it needs to be rubbed into the affected place every day in the morning and before bedtime. Even strong attacks of myalgia will recede in 2-3 weeks.
It is strongly recommended to pay attention to paraffin compresses. They are famous for their particular effectiveness. So, you should take hot paraffin and put on the affected place. The main thing is not to burn a person! Everything is applied in two layers, then closed with gauze. To create an increased thermal effect, everything is covered with plastic and a scarf. Warming up lasts at least 30 minutes.
Compress, on the basis of medicinal althea, has a good effect. To prepare them you need to take the main ingredient, or rather its roots, and pour them with cold water. Then leave to insist for eight hours. The tincture is filtered and applied as a compress up to 3 times a day.
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Homeopathy for myalgia
Homeopathic remedies are also actively used to eliminate muscle pain. Usually, the emphasis is on drugs that can relieve pain and inflammation. Naturally, apply and ointment with the same effect. It is worth noting that many traditional drugs are capable of strongly affecting the gastric mucosa. Therefore, the use of many medicines is simply impossible. There is a risk of stomach bleeding. In this case, and resort to homeopathy.
To reduce the pain threshold, it is recommended to pay attention to Traumel C ointment. It should be rubbed into the affected place. In its composition are vegetable and mineral components. Therefore, it carries no danger to humans. It is enough to use it 2-3 times a day. Rub the ointment should be in a circular motion. Before you go to sleep, you can make a compress out of the funds.
Particularly effective is the biopuncture method. It is characterized by the introduction of a homeopathic remedy by injection. This procedure allows you to get rid of pain instantly. This technique is practiced even in medical institutions.
Surgical treatment of myalgia
Usually, myalgia occurs on the background of harmless factors. Banal fatigue, extreme stress, both emotional and physical can trigger the development of myalgia. It is enough just to reduce physical exertion and rest. This will remove the unpleasant symptoms. Naturally, no surgical treatment is applied in this case.
The problem can arise against the background of existing diseases. It is usually preceded by osteochondrosis. It is sometimes caused by an infectious disease, such as tuberculosis. Eliminate the disease need special treatment. Surgical intervention is not welcome here. Yes, and for that matter, there is nothing to delete.
Myalgia is not eliminated by surgery. It is enough just to normalize your own state, to rest more, not to give in to emotional shocks. It is necessary to eliminate in time other diseases that can cause myalgia. In fact, that's all the treatment. Surgical method is not applicable.
Traditional medicine - the best assistant in the fight against rheumatic polymyalgia
The disease appears suddenly, for no apparent reason. In addition, it progresses rapidly. In most cases, it is hard for the patient to remember exactly when the first pains appeared.
Treatment should be comprehensive, including drug therapy, the use of physiotherapy and traditional medicine. Only a comprehensive treatment can contribute to the speedy elimination of pain and stiffness in the muscles.
In addition, therapy should be timely. It is not recommended to postpone the visit to a specialist for later. When the first discomfort or pain in the muscles of the back, neck, immediately visit the doctor.
Effective recipes of traditional medicine
There is a huge number of proven national recipes for medicines, both for external and internal use, consisting solely of the components given by nature.
1. The use of therapeutic hay bath. Take 700 grams of hay, put it in a calico bag, and boil it for forty minutes in an enamel container. As for the use of decoction for baths, there are several nuances. In order to prevent rapid evaporation of hay decoction vapor, cover the bath with tarpaulin material. Do not forget to make a slit in the canvas for the head. One more thing, the water should always be hot. The duration of the procedure is half an hour.
2. Apply dry heat. This method is one of the most popular, and not least important, effective. Take linen material, make a bag of it. Put sand or salt in it, then put it in the oven. When the bag gets warm, attach it to the affected area, warm with a wool scarf or scarf. The duration of the procedure - until cool. Perform this procedure several times a day. After warming up, you can use pepper plaster.
3. This technique will be as effective as possible if it is supplemented with the use of nettle tea. Take the leaves of young nettle, chop and pour a couple of spoons of raw material with a glass of boiled water. Drink half a glass several times a day.
The use of compresses helps to eliminate pain.
1. Take the horsetail, chop and mix the raw materials with butter. Lubricate the affected area with the obtained agent, cover it with cellophane or compression paper, if it is present in the household, warm it with a warm wool scarf.
2. Mix dried and chopped horsetail with lard. Liberally apply the product on the sore spot, then cover with cellophane and warm.
3. The next compress is no less effective. You need a cabbage leaf. Soap one side of it with soap and then sprinkle with soda. Attach the other side with a clean side to the affected area, and wrap it with a warm scarf. Do this procedure before going to bed.
4. Take the rhizomes of Althea, chop up and pour a few spoons of raw material with boiled water. Leave the agent to infuse for ten hours. After this, filter the infusion, take the gauze or bandage, fold in several layers, soak in the finished infusion and apply to the sore spot.Such a compress should be replaced with a new one at least three times a day.
5. Apply hot paraffin to the affected area, in several layers, put compression paper on top and heat insulation. The duration of the procedure is half an hour.
6. Crush some bay leaves and fill them with 200 ml of vegetable oil. Leave to infuse for two weeks. Apply the finished ointment on the sore spot, cover with cellophane and warm. The course of treatment is three weeks.
7. Take a few potato tubers, boil (not peeling). Next, attach the boiled potatoes to the affected area (only on the folded cotton fabric). Press firmly and secure with a warm scarf. Duration of the procedure - until the potatoes cool. Finally, lubricate the area with cologne.
8. Dab five leaves of burdock with boiled water, then apply to the affected area. Be sure to warm the compress with a warm scarf or shawl.
9. You will need a bodyagi powder and butter. After you combine the two ingredients, mix and rub the sore spot with this ointment, put compression paper on top and warm it. Since bodyaga can cause irritation, it is recommended that this procedure be performed no more than once a week.
10. Take willow buds, chop well and combine with butter. Lubricate the sore spot with ointment, put cellophane on top and warm it. Healing chamomile oil. Spread the flowers of the plant to a powdery consistency, then mix with butter. Apply oil on the sore spot three times a day. Keep the ointment in the fridge. Warm up a little before each use.
Tinctures for internal use
- Take borage grass and leaves, dry and chop well, then pour boiled water. Cover the container with a lid and leave to infuse for six hours. Use the infusion of one spoon at least six times a day.
- Chop the dried grass of adonis, then pour a spoonful of raw materials with 250 ml of boiled water, leave for 60 minutes. Use a spoonful of infusion several times a day.
- For the preparation of the next medicine, you will need barberry bark. Pour the raw material with 70% alcohol and leave to stand in a dark place for seven days. Use thirty drops of tincture three times a day. If necessary, you can drink water.
As you can see, folk remedies that promote healing, there are plenty. Before using prescriptions for alternative medicine, consult your doctor in order not to harm yourself.
In addition, do not forget about proper nutrition. After all, a healthy balanced diet enriched with calcium is one of the important components of the treatment of rheumatic polymyalgia.
Include in your diet plenty of dairy products - cheese, cottage cheese, yogurt, cabbage, spinach, almonds. Fully try to eliminate the use of baking, sweets, and minimize the consumption of potatoes and tomatoes.
Do not forget about sports, supporting an optimal weight. Give up bad habits.
Causes of myalgia
Myalgia - pain in muscles of different localization
The main reason for the development of pain in the muscles is called muscle spasms, in which the nerve endings that cause pain are clamped. Sustained spasm often occurs with prolonged static muscle tension: with a long sitting at the table, carrying a heavy bag or backpack on one shoulder.
Myalgia may appear due to chronic fatigue, inflammatory, infectious or chronic diseases, various pathologies of the spine, sciatica, muscle strain, etc. All these factors are the cause of the development of hypertonicity of the muscles, against the background of which the metabolic processes in the body can change, sleep is disturbed.
Symptoms of myalgia
Myalgia is characterized by muscle pain.
Myalgia manifests symptoms in the form of dull, aching pain in the muscles. The patient may feel general muscle weakness, muscle pain with pressure, nausea, stiffness.
Localization of pain depends on whether there is inflammation, as well as on the cause and nature of the disease. For example, fibromyalgia is characterized by pain in the muscles of the entire body symmetrically from head to toe. Myalgia of the neck (cervical myositis) is accompanied by dull pains in the neck and neck.
If you do not start treatment with myalgia in time, serious diseases such as polymyositis, herniated intervertebral discs, osteochondrosis, and others may develop.
Varieties of the disease
Fibromyalgia is accompanied by a headache.
Fibromyalgia is the most common type of myalgia. It is characterized as a symmetrical diffuse muscular pain in the body, may be accompanied by muscle cramps, headaches, pains and bloating, intolerance to bright light, increased sensitivity to loud sounds or strong odors, impaired coordination and balance.
Rheumatic myalgia (rheumatic polymyalgia) is characterized by pain in the neck, pelvic and shoulder girdle, legs. This disease begins with fever and severe intoxication, against the background of which multiple muscular pains can develop. Such myalgia occurs, as a rule, in older people and recently surviving infectious disease.
Treatment with traditional methods
In the treatment of myalgia well help ointment
Myalgia requires treatment with the implementation of a range of therapeutic interventions.
- Drug treatment. Modern medicine has a wide range of drugs to relieve muscle pain. Inflammation is relieved by analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs. Ointments for myalgia have a good effect, they can be bought at every pharmacy.
- Manual therapy
- Physiotherapy procedures: treatment with novocaine, histamine electrophoresis, ultraviolet irradiation of affected muscle areas.
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Causes of the disease:
The causes that can trigger myalgia are varied. Most often provoke the disease:
- Stress and emotional stress
- Sedentary or sedentary lifestyle
- Heavy physical exertion
- Chronic, infectious, viral diseases.
All these factors lead to the development of hypertonicity of the muscles, which is capable of changing the metabolic processes in the body. Myalgia that is not cured in time can further lead to diseases such as: polymyositis, osteochondrosis, osteoporosis, hernia of intervertebral disks, etc.
There are a large number of herbs and herbal preparations that can relieve muscle pain or inflammation in myalgia. The most common and popular are listed below:
- 1. A teaspoon of cucumber herb flowers is combined with half a tablespoon of the herb of the same plant and poured with a glass of boiling water. Insist under the lid for 5 hours and drink according to 1st.l. six times a day.
- 2. A teaspoon of spring adonis is poured 200 ml of boiling water and infused for 1 hour. Take the infusion 3 times a day and 1 tablespoon.
- 3. The barberry bark is poured with 70% alcohol in a ratio of 1:10 and infused in a dark place during the week. Drink infusion 3 times a day, 30 drops, washed down with water.
Aromatherapy has a good effect in the treatment of muscle pain. She is able to give relaxation and enhance the therapeutic effect in the fight against myalgia. Rosemary and marjoram essential oils relieve puffiness and pain, cedar oil improves blood circulation, cinnamon oil relieves muscle spasms, and lavender oil relaxes.