Vomiting and diarrhea in a child at sea

What is diarrhea?

Summer is a time for walking, traveling and, of course, relaxing by the sea. But, unfortunately, even on vacation, any person can forgive, catch

or simply not adapt to new environmental conditions (

do not acclimatize ). Most often, children are subject to such adventures, especially often children of preschool age.

One of the most frequent ailments that can happen to a child at sea is diarrhea (diarrhea). The reason for this are the characteristics of the digestive tract and the immaturity of the immune system in children.

Diarrhea is frequent (more than 3 times a day) stool liquid unformed consistency. As a rule, this ailment is accompanied by such symptoms as pain and rumbling in the stomach, sometimes vomiting and high fever.

Causes of diarrhea in a child at sea

There is a wide variety of causes of diarrhea in a child at sea. The most common food

which very often rages on open spaces of many resorts. Also, the cause of diarrhea may simply be poor-quality products, with which weak

child unable to cope. However, also some objective reason may be completely absent. In this case, we are talking about the adaptation of the child's body to new conditions (

The causes of diarrhea in a child at sea are:

  • violation of sanitary norms
  • food poisoning,
  • intestinal infection,
  • acclimatization.

Violation of health standardsThis cause diarrhea in children at sea is the most frequent. Unfortunately, arriving on vacation, parents no longer observe basic hygiene standards or do not prepare children for this. Some are mistaken that it is enough to swim in the sea and wash their hands in the same place, which is completely wrong (the sea contains a huge number of microbes). Also, parents often do not consider it necessary to wash the fruits and vegetables or the dishes in which they are stored. The result of this is the penetration of pathogenic bacteria into the body of a child.

To avoid this, it is necessary to realize that at sea the need for washing hands increases tenfold. It is equally important to wash the dishes in which food is brought to the beach, as well as the products themselves. Few people know that it is in the sand and sea water that the most pathogenic (disease-causing) flora. Therefore, it is best to take food not on the beach, but if this fails, then to ensure maximum sanitary conditions.

The frequency of food poisoning in the hot season increases significantly compared with the cold seasons. The reason for this is the increased air temperature, under the action of which even very fresh products quickly deteriorate. The cause of food poisoning at sea can also be improper storage of food and failure to follow basic hygiene rules. It is necessary to understand the difference between food poisoning and intestinal infection. In the first case, the cause of diarrhea is spoiled products, in which under the influence of certain factors accumulated pathogenic microorganisms. In the second case, we are talking about bacteria and their toxins. As a rule, these bacteria live in water and enter the body when drinking drinking water. Food infection does not occur in isolation, and proceeds in the form of epidemics. Food poisoning affects only those in whose body got spoiled products.

Among the products that most often cause diarrhea in a child at sea are:

  • dairy products - yogurt, ryazhenka, cottage cheese, cheese,
  • gourds - watermelons, melons,
  • fruits and berries - pears, grapes, peaches,
  • sweetssold on the beach - waffles, churchkhela, baklava.

From drinking dairy products at sea (or in any other new setting) it is recommended to refuse at all. If this is not possible for any reason, then these products should be purchased exclusively in the store. Also, few people attach importance to spoiled fruits, vegetables, melons and gourds. It is believed that melon crops or fruits can not be poisoned, which is completely wrong. So, in the pulp of watermelon contains a large amount of carbohydrates (sugars), which become the favorite habitat for pathogenic bacteria. Developing bacteria provoke an intensive fermentation process. That is why the poisoning of spoiled watermelon or melon is manifested by severe intoxication. Another cause of poisoning by melon crops or fruits is their nitrate content. Once in the body, nitrates under the action of the body's enzymes turn into nitrites - toxic substances that are toxins for the body.
Intestinal infection

Unfortunately, intestinal infection is not uncommon at sea. As a rule, enterovirus and rotavirus infections occur, and people have intestinal flu. However, if the family is resting on some exotic coast, the range of infections is much wider.

Among the viruses and bacteria found on the sea, most often diarrhea is caused by the following:

  • Rotavirus - occurs most often. Mostly affects children of preschool age (2 - 3 years). Manifestation of rotavirus vomiting, diarrhea, a slight increase in temperature. Children are characterized by a combination of symptoms of intestinal disorder and signs of flu.
  • Enterovirus - noted much less frequently. Enterovirus infection can take various forms - enteritis, angina, conjunctivitis, meningitis. The most common intestinal form (enteritis), which is accompanied by a liquid unformed stool with the presence of blood or mucus.
  • Salmonellosis - an infection that occurs not only at sea. It is manifested by nausea, vomiting, multiple watery stools, weakness.
  • E. coli - is transmitted by alimentary (food) by, namely with polluted water and unwashed fruit. Characterized by polymorphic (varieda) clinical picture, the main symptom of which is diarrhea.
  • Dysentery - a disease characterized by severe intoxication syndrome and intestinal disorder.

Acclimatization Acclimatization is the process of adaptation to new environmental conditions, namely to the climate and new microorganisms. New microorganisms, which the child gets used to when they are at sea, live in water and food. These microorganisms are not necessarily pathogenic, they are simply “new” for the child’s body.

The process of acclimatization is most pronounced in children under the age of three years, and this is due to the immaturity of the immune system. Symptoms of adaptation to new conditions appear on the second day after arriving to rest.

Manifestations of acclimatization in children at sea can be:

  • weakness, lethargy,
  • lowering blood pressure
  • headache,
  • nausea, vomiting,
  • diarrhea.

Diarrhea or diarrhea during acclimatization is of a reflex nature and is not associated with the penetration of pathogenic bacteria into the body. Diarrhea in this case is due to increased motor activity of the gastrointestinal tract. As a result of intestinal hyperactivity, frequent and unformed stools are noted. Also in the lumen of the intestine accumulates a large amount of mucus, which goes along with feces. The mechanism of diarrhea during acclimatization is similar to the mechanism of diarrhea in irritable bowel syndrome. The main cause of the disorder is an increased activity of the intestinal muscles as a result of irritation of the nerve fibers.

In young children, acclimatization is very often accompanied by fever.Thus, an unformed organism reacts to changes in its usual conditions. However, the temperature in this case, as a rule, does not exceed 38 degrees. The acclimatization period lasts on average from 3 to 6 days.

Diarrhea and other symptoms of intestinal infection in a child at sea

The clinical picture of intestinal infection in a child at sea can be very diverse. It can vary from transient (

passing ) diarrhea to symptoms of severe intoxication and

. The severity of symptoms affects both the source of the infection and the age of the baby. The main symptom is frequent loose and unformed stools, i.e. diarrhea (

Vomiting and diarrhea in a child at sea

Diarrhea or diarrhea - frequent (

more than three times a day ) unformed chair. The frequency of the stool depends on the cause of the diarrhea, as well as on the age of the child. The younger the child, the more often he has feces.

The disease begins suddenly with the appearance of fever and vomiting. Vomiting can be either single or repeated several times. Initially, vomit is the contents of the stomach. However, later, when the stomach is cleared, the child may vomit bile contents. Vomiting is accompanied by fever (up to 38 degrees), lethargy and weakness. The peculiarity of rotavirus infection is that initially the disease proceeds as a cold. So, the child has a runny nose, pain when swallowing and other symptoms that resemble the flu. However, on the second day, a disorder of the stool in the form of diarrhea joins the above symptoms. Rotavirus infection is characterized by liquid gray-yellow stools. If the infection also affects the liver, the stool begins to lighten (Acholic feces), and blood clots appear in it.

The frequency of loose stools correlates with the risk of dehydration - the more often the baby has a stool, the greater the likelihood of dehydration. Therefore, parents should carefully monitor the condition of the child at the time of illness.

Signs of dehydration are:

  • dry and furred tongue
  • lethargy, drowsiness, apathy,
  • rapid pulse (more than 90 beats per minute),
  • dry marble skin,
  • confusion,
  • cramps, muscle spasms.

Despite the fact that diarrhea is common in children and, as a rule, does not cause great anxiety to parents, its consequences can be very deplorable. The main danger is the consequences for the baby’s nervous system. Thus, during dehydration, the blood supply to the brain is impaired, after which it begins to experience oxygen deficiency (hypoxia). Hypoxia, in turn, causes the death of nerve cells. Also, during dehydration, multiple metabolic changes develop, which subsequently affect the functioning of the heart, kidneys, and liver.

First aid for diarrhea in a child is the replenishment of body fluids, that is, rehydration therapy. To replenish the lack of water with diarrhea and vomiting in a child is quite an ordinary solution of rehydron or hydrovit. It is important to understand that with vomiting and frequent stools, the child loses not only fluid, but also body salts. Therefore, at the same time with the liquid it is vital to ensure the flow of salts into the body. For this, most commonly used drugs such as rehydron, hydrovit, oralit.

Diarrhea and temperature in a child at sea. Fluid and frequent stools (diarrhea) often appears on the background of temperature. Increased body temperature in a child is a sign of infection. At sea, the most common infection is rotavirus and enterovirus. With rotavirus infection, the temperature can vary within 38 degrees, with enterovirus infections reach 39 degrees.

As a rule, the temperature persists for 4–5 days, after which it begins to slowly decline and after 2–3 days it reaches the norm.During this period, the child looks weak, drowsy, apathetic. When the temperature starts to decrease, the child “comes to life” as it were and begins to be active again.

The frequency of diarrhea, as a rule, does not correlate with the height of the temperature. This means that even at a temperature of 39 degrees, the chair can be about 3 times a day, but, at the same time, it can be observed 10 times a day at a temperature of only 37 degrees.

Temperature in diarrhea is a symptom of a general intoxication syndrome, that is, a manifestation of infection. She is accompanied by symptoms such as headache, weakness, and sometimes a rash. The flow of temperature may be wave-like. At the same time, periodic rises and decreases in temperature are noted. To eliminate elevated temperatures, antipyretic agents such as paracetamol and ibuprofen are used. However, it is important to remember that it is not recommended to bring down the temperature below 38.5 degrees.

Diarrhea without a child's temperature at sea

Diarrhea in a child at sea can occur both against the background of temperature and isolated. The absence of temperature does not mean the absence of infection. Temperature may be absent with reduced

child or simply with a mild infection. Diarrhea without fever can also occur if the cause of the infection is a period of acclimatization or just food poisoning. At the same time there is no infectious factor, which is the source of temperature. However, the severity of diarrhea (

namely the frequency of feces ) does not depend on it.

Seawater poisoning

By itself, sea water does not pose a threat to the life of a child or an adult. The exceptions are those cases when a large amount of seawater enters the body. Being salty and containing special composition, water can irritate the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract. This can cause the development of diarrhea in the child. However, in this case, diarrhea is a transient phenomenon, that is, passing.

At the same time, pathogenic microbes can enter the body with seawater. Especially often this happens with young children who swim near the shore, where the probability of infection is much higher.

Pathogenic microorganisms living in seawater include:

  • rotaviruses,
  • adenoviruses,
  • reoviruses,
  • coronaviruses,
  • enteroviruses.

In case of accidental ingestion, these pathogenic microorganisms invade the gastrointestinal tract. Once in the child's body, viruses begin to multiply very rapidly. Further development of the disease depends on factors such as resistance (resilience) child organism to this microbe, the state of immunity, the presence of associated diseases.

First aid for seawater poisoning Sea water can be ingested by involuntary ingestion during swimming or by ingestion through the nose, for example, while playing in water.

Help is washing the stomach and provoking the gag reflex. It's enough to drink 1 - 1.5 liters of warm water, then press your finger on the root of the tongue. It is not recommended to use for washing potassium permanganate (manganese in the people), as this may complicate the disease. If a small amount of seawater has been ingested, then it is enough to take adsorbents. As adsorbents are medications such as polysorb, enterosgel, activated carbon.

What to do if a child has diarrhea at sea?

The tactics of treatment of diarrhea in a child at sea depends on the accompanying clinical picture. If the stool frequency is more than 5 times a day, and diarrhea does not pass after taking standard medications, you should consult a doctor. If, in addition to the liquid and frequent stools, the child has

, indomitable vomiting, confused consciousness, it is a reason for seeking emergency help.Before the arrival of the ambulance, it is important to monitor the condition of the child and, first of all, give him a drink to prevent dehydration.

In order to provide first aid for diarrhea and vomiting before the ambulance arrives, the following actions can be taken:

  • after each episode of vomiting, you must give the child to drink saline,
  • replenishment of the liquid should take place in small volumes - 15 to 30 milliliters, otherwise large volumes of water can provoke vomiting,
  • in the presence of concomitant pain in the child should not give him any painkillers,
  • it is also forbidden to give him drugs like loperamide (This is especially true for infants.),
  • during the illness the child should not be in the sun.

So, the main method of treatment before the arrival of an ambulance or before going to a doctor is rehydration, that is, replenishment of the fluid lost with vomiting and diarrhea. For this purpose, such drugs as rehydron, oral, hydrovit are used.

Medicines used in the treatment of diarrhea in children

One bag diluted in one liter of boiled water, after which the solution is allowed to cool.

Children of younger preschool age 10 to 20 milliliters of the prepared solution every 10 minutes for the first time 2 to 3 hours of illness.

At the first signs of dehydration, the dose is increased to 30 - 50 milliliters every 10 minutes.

Available in finished form, but for children under 3 years old, the solution should be diluted with boiled water in a ratio of 1: 1.

10 to 15 milliliters inward every 10 minutes.

The contents of the bag must be dissolved in a glass (250 milliliters) boiled or distilled water.

It is important to prepare the solution before use, it is not recommended to leave the prepared solution. Dosage depends on age. Thus, children under 3 years old need 3–4 sachets of hydrovit, older children need one sachet (200 milliliters of ready solutiona) after each bowel movement.

Often, the necessary medicines are not at hand, and the pharmacy is far away.

If there is no pharmacy in the district, and a home first aid kit was not provided, then the rehydration solution can be prepared at home. Also replace it with rice water or juice.

Components of the solution for rehydration at home are:

  • boiled cooled water - 1 liter,
  • salt - half a teaspoon,
  • sugar - 4 teaspoons,
  • Baking soda - half a teaspoon.

It is recommended to mix all the ingredients and take the prepared solution to 30 milliliters per day. If vomiting is absent or was only once or twice, then you can also give children sour juice. The basic rule for rehydration is not to immediately give a large amount of liquid, so as not to provoke vomiting.
Enterosgel, smecta and other medicines for diarrhea in a child at sea

In addition to saline solutions, other medications may also come to the rescue. Most often, when poisoning resorted to

that adsorb and excrete bacteria and their toxins. If the cause of diarrhea is an intestinal infection, then in this case it is advisable to take an antimicrobial drug. Here it is important to understand the difference between

and antimicrobial agent. The first group of drugs, as a rule, is not prescribed for intestinal infections, because it violates the natural

intestines and may further aggravate the condition.

When diarrhea in a child at sea appointed the following groups of drugs:

  • Sorbents - activated carbon, enterosgel. Appointed for detoxification.
  • Antimicrobial drugs - enterofuril. Stop the growth and development of pathogenic microbes and thus hinder the further development of the infectious process.
  • Antipyretic drugs - paracetamol. Appointed as a symptomatic treatment, that is, to eliminate the symptoms of fever.
  • Preparations with a combined mechanism of action, for example, smekta.

Drugs prescribed for diarrhea in a child

MedicamentHow to cook?How to use?

Sorbs (fastens on its surface) and removes toxins from the body. Thus, reduces the symptoms of intoxication - vomiting, diarrhea, bloating.

Children under 5 years old half a tablespoon of the drug stir in a glass of water. Reception is repeated three times a day.

For children from 5 to 15 years, the recommended dose is one tablespoon, three times a day. The preparation is also stirred in one glass (200 milliliters) water.

Combines the properties and adsorbent, and antidiarrheal drugs. Absorbs toxins, stabilizes the mucous layer in the gastrointestinal tract, stops diarrhea.

The contents of the bag dissolved in 100 - 150 milliliters of water. Dosage depends on age. So, children under one year need 1 sachet per day, children under 2–3 years old — 2 sachets per day, children over 3 years old — 3 sachets per day.

It binds and removes toxins from the body. It has no age limit. The drug is taken in the form of an aqueous suspension.

The powder is mixed with 100 - 150 milliliters (half glass) water and taken in the form of an aqueous suspension.

The dosage depends on the weight and age of the child. Children up to 10 kilograms (chest age) one teaspoon per day is needed, for children up to 20 kilograms one teaspoon three times a day, for children more than 30 kilograms 2 teaspoons three times a day.

Suppresses the multiplication of pathogenic bacteria in the intestine, thereby eliminating the cause of diarrhea. Does not violate the natural intestinal microflora, prevents the development of complications.

Available in suspension and capsules. Preschool children are recommended suspension, older children capsules. Dosage depends on age.

Infants 2.5 ml of suspension three times a day

Children up to 2 years have the same volume of suspension, but four times a day.

Children from 3 to 6 years old, 5 milliliters three times a day.

Children over 7 years old 5 milliliters 4 times a day.

It has anti-inflammatory and antipyretic effect - lowers the temperature and eliminates body aches.

Children up to a year for 120 milligrams 4 times a day with an interval of 4 - 5 hours.

Children under 5 years old to 250 milligrams 4 times a day with the same interval.

Children 6 years and older, 500 milligrams every 5 hours, 4 times a day.

Prevention of diarrhea in a child at sea. Prevention of intestinal infection in a child at sea should begin long before arriving at the sea coast. Such preventive measures are called preliminary. Also, precautions must be taken during rest. Only such an integrated approach will help prevent infection and further acute intestinal infection in children.

The basis of pre-prevention of intestinal infections are two factors:

  • strengthening immunity
  • teaching the child to the rules of personal hygiene.

Both directions are equivalent in preventing any type of intestinal infection. Also, in some cases, preliminary prevention involves the vaccination of the child.
Strengthening immunity in order to prevent intestinal infection

The nature of the harmful effects of viruses or bacteria that provoke intestinal infections depends largely on the state of children's immunity. Thus, in some cases, with an adequate response of the immune system to the action of infectious agents, the disease manifests itself with only minor symptoms and soon comes self-healing. Therefore, in the prevention of intestinal infections, immunity strengthening plays an important role.

The basis of strong immunity in a child is a balanced diet with adequate consumption of fresh vegetables and fruits, daily walks, and sports. 2 - 3 months before the intended trip to the sea, it is necessary to make a diagnosis to identify foci of chronic infection (for example, caries, inflamed tonsils) and if necessary, carry out treatment. In some cases (determined by the doctor) You may need to take drugs to strengthen the immune system (vitamin complexes, immunomodulators). Type of medication and dosage prescribed by the doctor.

Schooling child to personal hygiene

Intestinal infection is also called the disease of dirty hands due to the fact that the pathogens of the disease often enter the body due to non-compliance with the principles of personal hygiene. Therefore, children should know and follow the rules of personal care. Parents should not only explain to the child what personal hygiene is, but also monitor the implementation of the rules in order for the child to form a habit. Of great importance is a personal example from parents, since children in many ways copy the behavior of adults.

The main position of personal hygiene is washing hands before eating, after going to the toilet, playing with animals, returning from the street. When performing this procedure, you should follow some rules.

Hands should be washed according to the following rules:

  • In addition to water, you should use soap when performing this procedure.
  • hands should be soaped for at least 30 seconds
  • special attention should be paid to the periungual zone,
  • after washing your hands, wipe dry with a clean (better disposable papera) towel.

Also, the child should be aware of the need to limit contact with potential sources of infection. These include items from the floor / ground, any surfaces in public places (especially in transport, toilet), other people's personal items (comb, handkerchief). Unwashed vegetables and fruits, dirty dishes, water from sources not intended for drinking - all this also applies to factors that increase the risk of developing an intestinal infection.

It is impossible to foresee all situations in which a child may become infected, and provide him with instructions on how to avoid it. In addition, even knowing the rules, children tend to break them. Therefore, the baby must be told the mechanism of infection (where microbes come from and how can they get inside) and the consequences to which it leads. This will help the child more consciously treat the rules of personal hygiene. To better understand the information, you can use children's movies about germs, illustrated stories and other similar materials.

Vaccination against intestinal infections

Among all types of intestinal infections, there are those against which there are vaccines. The time of vaccination, the drug used, the indications and other factors depend on the particular disease against which

There are the following intestinal infections against which there are vaccines:

  • Rotavirus infection. Against this disease, there are 2 types of vaccines - RotaTech (introduced by a course of 3 stages) and Rotarix (put in 2 stages). Both drugs can be used at any age, 6 weeks after the baby is born.
  • Dysentery. For the prevention of dysentery, the drug Shigelvak is used. The vaccine is put only after the child reaches 3 years of age.
  • Typhoid fever. For vaccination of children against typhoid fever, Vianvak and Tifim We are used. The first vaccine is allowed for children from 3 years, the second - after 2 years.
  • Cholera. Against cholera, there are several types of vaccines, among which the most popular are Ducoral (Dukoral) Shankol (Shanchol) and mORC-VAX. The drug Ducoral is put to children over 2 years old, the rest of the vaccine can be administered from one year.

None of the above vaccines are compulsory, which means that parents themselves decide whether their child needs a vaccine or not. To make the right decision, you should consult with a doctor who will take into account the state of children's health and other factors.It should also be borne in mind that there are a number of countries in which the incidence of intestinal infections is higher than in other zones. These countries include regions with a low level of economy and a hot climate (countries of South and Central Africa, South America, Southeast Asia). Before visiting them it is strongly recommended to undergo a vaccination procedure.

The time to develop immunity against the disease after vaccination may be different - from a week to several months. Therefore, you should consult with your doctor about the feasibility of vaccination at least 6-7 months prior to a trip to the sea.

Preventing intestinal infections directly at sea

In order to provide the child with effective protection against intestinal infections at sea, it is necessary to know the main risk factors (

contributing to infection and further progression of the disease ). Such factors include weakening of the immune system, the use of contaminated water or food, swimming in sea water.

Immunity support at sea Time spent on the road, climate change, other food - all these circumstances have a negative impact on children's immunity, as a result of which the body becomes more vulnerable to the action of infectious agents. Therefore, it is the task of parents to do everything possible to ensure that the child survives acclimatization with the slightest damage to his health.

The following guidelines are available to support children's immunity at sea:

  • If possible, the sea is better to travel by train or car. When traveling by plane, the climate changes too dramatically, and it is more difficult for a child to adapt.
  • In the first days of rest, the child must follow the usual daily routine (to sleep). If the time zone in the rest region is different from what is at home, a few weeks before the trip to the sea, you need to adjust the children's daily routine (for example, go to bed earlier or later by an hour).
  • The transition to local food should be gradual (that is, you should not allow the child to try all the local dishes on the first day). It is even better if products unaccustomed to the child are completely excluded from the diet.
  • Staying in the sun and in sea water in the first 2 - 3 days should be minimal. On the beach, the child should always be able to quench their thirst.

Control of consumed food and water at sea Contaminated food or water is a major cause of childhood intestinal infections. Therefore, the child should eat and drink any liquid under parental control in accordance with a number of rules.

There are the following rules for baby food and drink at sea:

  • Only bottled or boiled water should be used for drinking and cooking.
  • drinks that are sold on tap (kvass, lemonade, cold tea) should be excluded
  • you can not drink drinks and eat products that are sold in places of unauthorized trade (on the beach, on the side of the road),
  • meat, fish and other perishable foods should be bought in stores where there are refrigerators,
  • while resting, the child should stop using any dairy products, dishes with mayonnaise,
  • before eating fruit or vegetables, they need to pour boiling water,
  • food should be eaten immediately after it is cooked or served in the dining room,
  • Any snacks on the beach should be banned.

Rules of swimming in the sea Sea water is a potential source of contamination at sea. To prevent the risk of an intestinal infection, the child, when bathing, should not dive into the water with his head - this will prevent its ingestion. After contact with sea water or sand, wash your hands with soap or use an anti-bacterial agent. When returning from the beach, the child needs to take a shower, and only after that you can go to bed.Children's bathing suit and other clothing that is in contact with sea water or sand, you must immediately wash. Toys and items used on the beach should be treated with an antiseptic.

ATTENTION! The information on our website is reference or popular and is provided to a wide circle of readers for discussion. Drug prescription should be carried out only by a qualified specialist, based on the medical history and diagnostic results.

When you are going to the sea with your child, you want the trip to go well. But changing climatic conditions, infections in the water, stale fruits, food can cause serious trouble. Vomiting in a child at sea is quite common. It gives a lot of unpleasant feelings to children, and for parents the illness of a baby is a real stress. Is it possible to prevent acclimatization, viral diseases at rest? What symptoms should alert adults? How to help your baby in case of vomiting and diarrhea? We will try to answer all these questions in the article.

Causes of vomiting at sea

Vomiting and temperature in a child at sea may occur unexpectedly. It would seem that the baby felt good in the morning, and by noon, the first symptoms of indisposition were already felt. Parents, first of all, need to find out the cause of the child’s poor health. They may be as follows:

Acclimatization. For some reason, about her parents think in the least. But children find it hard to get used to new climatic conditions, and this is how the body adapts to changes. Therefore, most pediatricians claim that you should not go on vacation with the baby for less than 14 days. The benefits of the trip will not be, and the stress of the whole family is provided.

Poisoning. A rather popular reason is that the food to which the child is used is replaced by exotic dishes, national cuisine. In addition, the diet is broken. On vacation, parents allow the child those foods that are prohibited at home: soda, candy, popcorn and other sweets. A stomach that has never experienced such a food before is simply unable to digest it. Very often for this reason, vomiting and diarrhea occur in a child at sea.

Heat or sunstroke. Mostly happens in children who forget to wear panama women. Thermoregulation is disturbed, the body reacts to this by fainting, headache, fever, vomiting. Remember: in this state of diarrhea can not be. To prevent heat stroke, you need to wear a headdress to your child, use sunscreen, periodically bathe in the sea or pool, do not go outside during the hours of the most active sun (from 11.00 to 15.00), and do not allow dehydration of the body.

E. coli or infection. Very often, children, swimming, can catch the infection in the water. Rotovirus is a fairly common disease in children in resorts. In this case, you need to consult a doctor, especially if the child is very small. The main rule is to prevent dehydration.

Vomiting in a child at sea may occur precisely for the reasons described above. It is better to consult a doctor at the first signs of indisposition.

What is acclimatization?

In acclimatization there is nothing terrible. This is the usual adaptation of the organism to new climatic conditions, time zones and other changes. As a rule, it occurs 2-3 days after arrival at the resort. Passes by itself. During this period, the child should not be physically loaded, led to the sea, should only be offered him easily digestible food. No too active and mobile games.

Stages of acclimatization

Vomiting and child temperature at sea may be associated with acclimatization. It consists of several stages:

Initial stage.Occurs in the first 24 hours after a change in climatic conditions. During this period, the baby behaves as usual.

The manifestation of the reaction. It is this period that doctors call the most difficult, at which time the body begins to react to the changes that are taking place. Vomiting, fever, general malaise, drowsiness, and headaches may occur. Symptoms disappear within 2-3 days.

Partial addiction. The body adapts to new climatic conditions.

If the trip is delayed for more than a month, there is a stage of full acclimatization.

The above steps are necessary for parents to know in order to understand how long the child will feel completely healthy.

Can there be vomiting during acclimatization?

Many parents are wondering if a child may vomit at sea due to acclimatization. In order to answer this question, it is necessary to find out the characteristic symptoms of this phenomenon:

general weakness, dizziness, sleep disturbance,

increased body temperature.

These symptoms can be confused with poisoning or heat stroke. But if they are observed for 2-3 days after arriving at sea and pass during the day, we can safely say that the child’s body reacted to new climatic conditions.

How to deal with it better

Is it possible to prevent or reduce acclimatization for a child? Leading pediatricians claim that this is an individual human feature, so avoid it will not work. But you can prepare a child. For this you need:

A few days before the trip, consult a doctor, purchase medications.

Try to make the trip as comfortable as possible for the baby.

Do not load it physically.

If you can choose a vehicle, it is better to give preference to the train or car. Air travel is bad for children. This is due to the fact that there is a sharp change of climate due to the enormous speed of the aircraft. It is also better to refuse to travel by water, since the child may begin seasickness.

There is nothing terrible in acclimatization, as a rule, after a day the child feels good again.

Still, poisoning. First aid

If child vomiting at sea has opened, remember a few important rules:

do not overload the stomach with fatty, heavy foods, offer only easily digestible foods,

give the baby as much fluid as possible

if you are sure it is poisoning, flush the stomach,

keep a diet for several days.

Remember: if a child is severely vomited at sea, the treatment should be followed immediately, so that dehydration does not occur.

What should be taken from drugs

If a child begins to vomit and diarrhea at sea, these are the first signs of food poisoning. It is necessary to take measures to remove intoxication and improve the condition of the baby. Doctors in this case suggest using the following medications:

Sorbents. Well suited activated carbon.

Drugs from dehydration. If there are none, ordinary mineral water without gas will do.

Any antiviral drugs.

Drugs to stop vomiting and diarrhea, such as Smekta.

In addition to these drugs, if the child has a fever, it is necessary to give a febrifuge.

Prevention of poisoning at the resort

Vomiting in a child at sea is an unpleasant phenomenon that may occur as a result of food poisoning. In order not to spoil your vacation, you must comply with preventive measures:

There are only fresh products, pay attention to the date of manufacture.

Follow the rules of hygiene, if you can not wash your hands in time, use wet wipes and special antibacterial agents.

Wear a hat.

Try to eat in one place.

Wash vegetables and fruits thoroughly.

Water is better to drink bottled.

These simple rules will help you and your child to eliminate food poisoning at the resort.

We collect the first-aid kit: what medicines on the sea with a child should be taken

Rest on a resort with a baby is not always only positive moments. It happens that children have a sharp rise in temperature, vomiting and diarrhea, a runny nose, cough, and no one is immune from this. If a child is sick at sea, you should not hesitate, but take urgent measures. Of course, it would be good to see a doctor, but if there is no such possibility, you should start the treatment yourself. To do this, you must be properly assembled first aid kit. It will contain:

Antipyretics based on paracetamol and ibuprofen. In addition to the syrup? it is necessary to buy candles, vomiting attacks occur in children with poisoning and acclimatization, therefore a sweet suspension is not always appropriate.

Antihistamines ("Diazolin", "Claritin", "Loratadin", "Fenistil").

Vasoconstrictor drugs ("Nazivin", "Rinorus", "Aquamaris" and others).

Cough drops.

Sorbents (activated carbon, "Regidron").

Remedies for frustration and vomiting ("Smekta", "Nifuroksazid", "Filtrum").

Ear drops (“Candibiotik”, “Otipaks”).

Also, make sure that in the first-aid kit was a plaster, bandage, brilliant green, iodine, hydrogen peroxide.

A trip with a child to the sea may not always go smoothly. The children's body is not yet able to respond to changes in climatic conditions and time zones in the same way as an adult. Therefore, acclimatization cases occur. More serious things with poisoning, which are not uncommon in the resorts. Going to the sea, correctly assemble the first-aid kit, so that all the necessary preparations are always at your fingertips, follow the rules of hygiene, offer your child only fresh food, and your vacation will be remembered from the positive side.

Diarrhea at sea can appear for various reasons. Treatment in most cases is symptomatic. The situation is often aggravated by the fact that the person is far away from home, familiar doctors and clinics at the place of attachment.

All reasons can be divided into several groups:

  • intestinal infections
  • acclimatization,
  • food poisoning,
  • heatstroke.

Intestinal infection is one of the most common causes of diarrhea. It can be caused by viruses and bacteria. The main route of transmission is water. Sometimes it is enough to take a small amount of water, especially from the pool.

You can not remove from the account and infection through dirty hands or contaminated food. But in children for this reason

develops more often than

Food poisoning is associated with an infectious toxic lesion of the body. Usually, diarrhea appears suddenly along with repeated vomiting 2-6 hours after eating. Most often, the problem arises when using seafood products that are sold on the beach, cottage cheese, home-made, and fast food.

In adults, acclimatization is less pronounced. In children, climate change can lead not only to diarrhea, but also to constipation. Sometimes these two states replace each other. Along with this symptom, headaches appear, sleep disturbance occurs. Signs can be seen in the first two days after arriving at sea.

Diarrhea during acclimatization is of a reflex nature, therefore it is not associated with the penetration of pathogenic bacteria into the body. Usually occurs on the background of increased GI activity. At the same time there is a frequent unformed chair. A large amount of mucus can form in the intestinal lumen, which goes along with the feces.

An unpleasant state can arise even with a long stay in the sun. In addition to diarrhea, dizziness, severe sleepiness, and thirst appear.

How to recognize?

Diarrhea can occur simultaneously with a rise in body temperature or in isolation. Raising the body may be absent and infection if the immunity is greatly reduced.To recognize the disease that led to diarrhea, you can by the presence of other symptoms. For example, when an infection appears severe pain in the abdomen, and the body temperature spasmodic.

“Traveler's diarrhea” does not appear immediately. This disease makes itself felt for 2-5 days. Sometimes there are cases when acclimatization occurs upon returning home. Main symptoms:

  • short fever,
  • loose stools several times a day,
  • vomiting and chills,
  • short-term rise in temperature.

When poisoning with sea water appears not only diarrhea and vomiting. Sometimes these symptoms are accompanied by sneezing and runny nose. The disease itself begins abruptly, but passes in 2-3 days.

The danger is that you can get sick with dangerous ailments, which further lead to complications. It can be typhoid, salmonellosis, cholera.

Diagnostics

First you need to self-diagnose: measure the body temperature, try to describe the pain of sensations as clearly as possible. Try to determine the location of the pain.

Acute diarrhea is characterized by marked loss of fluid and electrolytes. On examination, signs of dehydration can be replaced.

The skin becomes dry, turgor decreases, heart palpitations occur. In severe calcium deficiency, seizures or sensations may appear as if limbs are cramping.

Look at your chair too. If there is blood in it, it can be a dangerous symptom of a crack, fistula, Crohn's disease. In this case, a complex examination of the organs of the digestive tract is carried out in a clinic or hospital setting. Instrumental techniques provide an opportunity to inspect the walls of the upper GI tract.

All other diagnostic activities are carried out according to indications. Can be assigned

microscopic examination of worms

for inflammatory diseases of the digestive tract.

Treatment of diarrhea, vomiting, temperature in a child and an adult at sea

Limit food intake for a while. If health permits - starve. The diet should consist of soft foods:

  • dried bread
  • bananas
  • rice,
  • chicken broth,
  • fruit puree,
  • porridge

You can return to good nutrition gradually after stabilization of the state. Avoid fresh vegetables, coffee, spices too salty or spicy dishes, as well as fresh milk.

If the diarrhea is bacterial, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics. But on their own without the advice of a doctor they should not be used. Firstly, they can aggravate the situation. Secondly, they themselves sometimes cause diarrhea. Thirdly, they are useless for viral forms.

At the pharmacy, you can buy a test strip "for acetone." If she shows a positive result, immediate medical attention is required. Try to drink as much liquid and solutions as possible to compensate for the loss of electrolytes.

The positive effect can be obtained by using probiotics, which allow you to restore balance in the digestive tract. Today, you can find different names on the market, while doctors prefer Acipol, Linex, Enterola, Probifor.

In many cases, it helps Enterofuril. This drug inhibits the multiplication of pathogenic bacteria, eliminating the cause of diarrhea. Unlike classic antibiotics, it does not violate the natural microflora. Available in the form of capsules and suspensions. Children of preschool age more suitable second option. An analogue of the drug is Stopodiar.

Drink adsorbents throughout the treatment. In addition to the activated carbon described above, can be used:

  1. Enterosgel It removes toxins from the body. It is used for diarrhea and vomiting. Copes well with bloating.
  2. Smekta. It has antidiarrheal properties. It also absorbs toxins, normalizes the mucous layer in the gastrointestinal tract.
  3. Polysorb It is produced in the form of a powder that must be combined with a half glass of water.It has no age limit.

With severe pain, you can take drugs that relieve spasm: No-silo, Spazmalgon and others. Paracetamol and ibuprofen have analgesic effects. They will cope with the temperature and eliminate body aches.

If the diarrhea is severe, there is no necessary medicine, and the pharmacy is far away, call an ambulance.

Experts will do everything necessary to reduce intoxication and dehydration. Medical care is needed if after 12 hours after the treatment started, the symptoms worsen.

Vomiting, diarrhea, temperature in a child: causes

If a child has a combination of symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting, and fever, it is therefore possible to talk about a number of possible causes of this condition. Among them are:

  • the use of drugs without prior consultation with the doctor and in unacceptable amounts,
  • diseases of the liver, gallbladder and pancreas,
  • appendicitis in acute and chronic form
  • inflammatory bowel disease,
  • poisoning the poison of the body
  • acute form of enzyme deficiency.

For the selection of adequate treatment should carefully examine the patient and accurately determine the cause of what is happening with him.

The child has diarrhea, vomiting, fever, what can it be?

Vomiting in a child is a natural reaction of his body when it is necessary to remove toxic substances from it. If during vomiting in parallel there is an increase in body temperature, and diarrhea also occurs, it is possible that we can talk about the effects on the person of various infections. In particular, we can talk about intestinal infection. Moreover, all these symptoms develop in parallel, it does not happen so that there is the development of only one of these symptoms. In this case, it is necessary to conduct a set of measures to eliminate the symptoms of the child and its treatment. For example, high temperature can cause vomiting in a child, resulting in accelerated metabolic processes and increased heat production. When vomiting to reduce the high temperature syrups and pills can be difficult, because they themselves provoke gagging.

Temperature after vomiting and diarrhea in a child

The high body temperature of the child after bouts of vomiting and diarrhea in him may indicate that he has developed a serious inflammatory process in the body. This is typical for acute respiratory viral infections, effects on the body of the child of viral infections, as well as with angina and other painful conditions associated with infectious lesions of the child's body. Temperatures after vomiting and diarrhea in a child can be evidence of an intestinal infection in his body. Vomiting and diarrhea are a reaction of the body, which is cleared of infection that has fallen into it, while the high temperature only complements the overall picture.

The combination of these symptoms is very dangerous for the child’s body, as they can cause dehydration. The development of complications can occur more rapidly, the younger the child. It is recommended that you seek qualified assistance as soon as possible to eliminate the consequences of such a condition.

Vomiting of bile in a child, fever, diarrhea

If the masses of vomiting are green or yellow, and they also have a bitter taste, therefore, we can talk about the secretion of bile. There is bile in any vomiting that often manifests. If vomiting of bile in a child is accompanied by fever and diarrhea, it is likely that we can talk about manifestations of cholecystitis, pancreatitis, and gallstone disease. In addition, this may occur as a result of the development of complications after surgery on the stomach or intestines. Among other causes of vomiting with bile against the background of an increase in body temperature of the child and the occurrence of diarrhea, it is possible to distinguish the following:

  • severe toxic poisoning
  • diseases of the stomach and intestines, such as ulcers and tumors, in particular, this happens with disorders of the liver, stomach and intestines,
  • dangerous exacerbations of diseases of other organs.

In each case, the cause can be determined only by an experienced doctor after the examination.

Diarrhea, vomiting, child temperature at sea

The most common cause of diarrhea in a child on the sea in combination with temperature and vomiting is a viral infection. There are cases of rising human body temperature to 39 ° C and even higher. If this happens, the child should be constantly otpaivat. In the case of incessant vomiting when otpaivanii child must necessarily give him no less than a glass of water with soda in one step. To eliminate high temperature should be used antipyretic agents. If this does not help, it is necessary to place the child in the hospital for inpatient treatment.

When a viral infection is exposed to a child, the use of antibiotics and other immunomodulating agents is completely excluded, since they only harm the body. In addition, digestive disorders are possible.

High fever, vomiting, diarrhea in a child

In most cases, the high body temperature of the child in combination with diarrhea and vomiting, he becomes the result of exposure to gastrointestinal infections. Among them are gastroenteritis, inflammatory processes of the intestine and its mucous membrane. In the role of pathogens often act bacteria and viruses. At the same time, there are painful sensations in the abdomen of the child, accompanied by bouts of severe vomiting. The body temperature can be quite high and reach values ​​of 39 ° C and even higher. Vomiting in combination with diarrhea can cause severe dehydration of the whole organism.

Another reason for the combination of the symptoms described may be food poisoning. Notable here is the fact that food, even after its heat treatment, may include toxic substances that can cause the described reaction. Poisoning can have symptoms characteristic of gastroenteritis in its initial stages: severe vomiting and diarrhea on the background of temperature.

The child vomiting diarrhea fever, what to do?

Parents are very desirable to be able to quickly navigate the situation and know how to act in case of diarrhea in the child against vomiting and an increase in body temperature. It is important to establish exactly what the most dangerous symptom is, high fever or vomiting. This is what determines the nature of the measures taken to eliminate the situation.

If vomiting is the predominant symptom, it should be eliminated with the help of aqueous solutions. In addition, it is necessary to use sorbents, among which Smektu, Atoxyl, activated carbon and Enterosgel are distinguished. Their use provides high-quality adsorption of microbes, as well as toxic substances, which are subsequently eliminated by vomiting. If vomiting also causes a high body temperature of the child, you should strip it and wipe it with a bite or alcohol solution. Then you need to put him in inpatient treatment in the pediatrics department.

Vomiting, diarrhea, child temperature: treatment

If a rotavirus or enterovirus infection has caused vomiting in the child against a background of diarrhea and high temperature, special treatment is not carried out, as there are simply no clearly prescribed drugs for such cases. In other cases, a special definition of the method of treatment is possible in consultation with your doctor.

In the event that a child has a combination of all the symptoms described above, with a high temperature already observed for five or more days, we can talk about the development of a bacterial infection.Bacterial intestinal infection can be curable only through the use of the drug Nifuroxazide, which is available both in the form of a syrup and in tablets. He has no side effects, children tolerate it fairly calmly.

For diarrhea, which is caused by a bacterial infection, the use of probiotics is recommended, in particular, it is Linex and Bifidumbacterin. Such funds can be used to treat children aged two and three years, they can also be treated newborns.

Folk remedies

With severe diarrhea, which is accompanied by vomiting and high fever, such a folk remedy is effective. 80 grams of vodka mixed with one-third of a tablespoon of salt. After the salt is dissolved in vodka, it is necessary to drink the entire composition. The diarrhea ends here, after a while vomiting stops. The tool has been repeatedly tested in practice and has no contraindications.

You can also try to use this popular recipe. Takes dry tea leaves tea leaves. Her pinch should be chewed, then swallowed, washed down with water. Disposal of diarrhea comes after several uses of this remedy.

Folk remedies for the treatment of vomiting and diarrhea in a child against the background of high temperature show high efficiency only if the cause of this condition is precisely established. Therefore, it is recommended to undergo a medical examination to establish the reason. Only then can you proceed to the selection of a method for treating the condition in question.

Intestinal infection

Intestinal infection in children at sea happens quite often. Many pathogens, including viruses and bacteria, can cause it. Most often, at resorts, children become infected with Gram-negative enterobacteria (Salmonella, Shigella, Escherichia, Yersinia, Campylobacter) and viruses that infect the intestine (Enterovirus, Adenovirus, Rotavirus, etc.).

The main way of transmission to the sea is water. Sometimes it is enough for a child to inadvertently take a sip of sea water or water from the pool to catch an infection, since the susceptibility of children to it is 3 times higher than that of an adult. However, fecal-oral infection through dirty hands and the alimentary route of infection (through food ingested by viruses or bacteria) is not excluded. Of particular importance is the quality of the food that the child consumes, so you should not eat in dubious places, even if you are on vacation. Often, in such kitchens, workers do not have the necessary documents and may be distributors of a wide variety of infections. Equally important is the quality of products, methods and periods of their storage.

Symptoms of intestinal infection in children depend on the type of pathogen, but almost always there will be such signs as:

Vomiting that does not bring relief

Multiple recurring diarrhea with abundant liquid feces of marsh color,

In the feces may be foam, mucus and streaks of blood,

Weakness and severe malaise.

Treatment of intestinal infections in children is in the competence of specialists.

Food poisoning

Food poisoning at sea often causes vomiting and diarrhea in children. It is characterized by an infectious-toxic lesion of the body and develops due to the ingestion of low-quality products.

The pathogenic microbes and toxins contained in them provoke acute poisoning in a child, the symptoms of which are:

Acute onset with repeated vomiting, which develops after 2-6 hours from a meal (sometimes this period is reduced to half an hour).

There is a watery diarrhea with admixtures of greenery, with streaks of blood in the feces. A chair can happen up to 10 times per day.

Develop abdominal pain with their preferential localization in the stomach.

Body temperature, as a rule, does not exceed 38 ° C, although fever may sometimes develop.

The child refuses to eat, becomes sluggish and drowsy, headaches join.

Symptoms of dehydration are very dangerous: dry and pale skin, pointed features, convulsions, etc.

Doctors compiled the top 5 most dangerous products at sea, which provoke food poisoning:

Boiled shrimps and other seafood traded on the beaches. Their shelf life after cooking is about 30 minutes, and sell them in the heat for hours.

Curd purchased on the market. In just a couple of hours, the presence of this product on the counter in it can multiply pathogenic bacteria. Therefore, homemade cottage cheese - not the best food for a child at the resort.

Fish (smoked and salted). It can contain halophilic bacteria that live in seawater. In humans, they cause indigestion.

Any “fast food” - pies, samsa, pasties. All these products in the heat spoil very quickly. Also, do not buy children on the beach boiled corn.

Every child's favorite treat is cakes. Especially dangerous sweets with whipped cream and cream based on butter.

Meals in proven establishments or self-catering at least for a child, as well as careful hand-washing will minimize the risks of food poisoning at sea.

Acclimatization of the child to the sea

The process of acclimatization is often difficult even for adults.

In childhood, an abrupt change in the climatic zone can lead to the following symptoms:

Nausea and vomiting.

Unstable stool, in which diarrhea gives way to constipation.

Increase in body temperature.

Bad sleep, headaches.

The picture of acclimatization is complemented by weakening of immunity, new food and excitement. Children under three years of age are especially susceptible to acclimatization. You can notice the first symptoms already on the second day after arriving at the sea.

Parents should remember that acclimatization is not a disease, and if you competently help your child adapt to new environmental conditions, the unpleasant symptoms will quickly pass.

Heat or sunstroke

Often, parents look for causes of vomiting and stool disorders in a child's food poisoning or infection, forgetting that it is very easy for a child to get a heat or sun stroke at sea.

Too long exposure to the sun without a headdress, or high air temperature in combination with insufficient fluid intake can cause the following symptoms:

Nausea and vomiting.

Drowsiness, sometimes loss of consciousness.

Abdominal pain, thinning of the stool.

Pallor of the skin.

Increased body temperature.

It should be remembered that dangerously long time is in the water under the scorching rays of the sun. In addition, it should not be too warm to wear a child, because his adaptation mechanisms are not yet perfect, so provoking overheating in children is much easier than in adults. It is important to water the child, because in hot weather the liquid is very actively evaporating along with sweat. Another tip is to avoid walking, or being under the direct rays of the sun during its maximum activity (most often it is from 11 am to 4 pm).

Treatment of vomiting and diarrhea in a child at sea

Treatment of vomiting and diarrhea in a child at sea will directly depend on what caused them.

Treatment of intestinal infections. Treatment of intestinal infections can be carried out both at home and in the hospital. The decision about hospitalization is influenced by the age of the child and the severity of the disease.

In any case, the following recommendations should be followed:

Stick to a diet. For infants, it is a frequent attachment to the chest, the replacement of lost fluid. For older children - this is a hungry pause during the day, followed by the introduction of light food and sour-milk beverages. It is important to make the child drink as much as possible and not eat.

Compliance with the drinking regime.Excessive diarrhea and vomiting very quickly excrete water and salt from the body. For their replacement, children are offered saline solutions (Regidron, Oralit, Trisol, Glukosolan, etc.). They should be drunk in small portions; a child should drink about 1.5 liters of this solution per day. If it was not at hand, as vomiting and diarrhea happened at sea, then you can prepare such a solution yourself. To a liter of water, add five teaspoons of sugar and 1 teaspoon of salt.

Receiving drugs that stop vomiting and diarrhea can only be recommended by a doctor. The fact is that with the help of these reactions the body removes toxic substances and bacteria outside. If the medical way to stop vomiting and diarrhea, they will all remain inside and continue to poison the child. When they enter the blood, the condition will not only be dangerous to health, but also for the life of the patient.

Treatment of intestinal infections of bacterial origin is carried out with the help of antibacterial drugs. In case of a viral infection, their reception is impractical, it is possible to prescribe intestinal antiseptics, including Furazolidone, Polymyxin, Gentamicin, Kanamycin, etc. It is also necessary to take enterosorbents that bind toxins and prevent their penetration into the blood. The most common enterosorbent, which can be offered even to children under one year old, is Smekta.

When the acute stage of intestinal infection is completed, pathogenetic therapy is carried out with the use of enzymes, antihistamines, probiotics.

Symptomatic treatment is aimed at relieving pain and reducing body temperature. It should be remembered that to beat down the heat in children can only drugs Paracetamol or Ibuprofen.

Adequate treatment of intestinal infection will allow the child to fully recover. But it should be remembered that if the rest on the sea is not finished yet, then the risk of picking up a new intestinal infection remains, since the immunity is not developed.

Treatment of food poisoning. If the child’s food poisoning does happen, you should start by washing the stomach. This is done with the help of boiled water, in which activated carbon is dissolved (a tablespoon of charcoal ground into powder per liter of water). It is necessary to force the child to drink up to 2 glasses of water at a time, after which to induce vomiting. Gastric lavage is done until the water is completely clean. Possible setting cleansing enema, which eliminates toxins from the intestine. Then the child is given enterosorbents (Smektu, Activated Carbon, Enterosgel) and placed in bed.

To prevent dehydration, it is necessary to conduct rehydration measures. For this child, they give them special solutions (Regidron, Oralit, etc.), and also offer him sweet tea, pure mineral water without gas, and mors.

You also need to give the child enzymatic drugs - this Mezim, Festal, Panozinorm, etc. As for taking antibiotics, they are prescribed only in severe cases and in the hospital.

Feed the child should not be for at least 12 hours, after which it is transferred to a sparing diet. It includes crackers, mucous porridges and soups, kefir, compote, juice, boiled lean meat.

The prognosis of food poisoning is most often favorable and ends with the recovery of the patient. Severe food poisoning is treated exclusively in the hospital, as it has serious consequences.

Help the child with acclimatization to the sea. Helping a child to acclimatize to the sea can only relieve the unpleasant symptoms that this process has provoked. Antiemetics can be offered to the child only with the permission of the doctor. As a rule, during the acclimatization, no antiemetic agents are given to the child, since vomiting happens 1-2 times and does not cause harm to health.

If a baby has loose stools, then it is possible to give him probiotic preparations containing beneficial bacteria for 14 days. They will allow the intestines to adapt to the new food and adjust its work.

It is important to protect the child from eating new, and even more exotic products. Even if they are absolutely fresh, unfamiliar food is still able to provoke indigestion. Antihistamines will protect against allergic reactions.

Sunstroke treatment. Parents should not hesitate to call the ambulance brigade in the event that a sunstroke occurred with a child under one year, if the child lost consciousness, if he developed convulsions or the body temperature rose above 38.5 ° C.

It is important to immediately take the child in the shade, it is convenient to lay or sit him down. Then you need to unbutton your clothes, or take them off completely. If the child is conscious, then you need to drink it with clean water. On the back of the head you can put a wet towel.

Any method of cooling is applicable: the child can be blown, wiping the places where the choroid plexuses are located (neck, armpits, groin area). But the water should not be below room temperature. If the child received a slight sunstroke, then his condition should improve. When this does not happen - medical assistance is required.

It should be remembered that vomiting and diarrhea in a child at sea is not a reason to panic. It is important to try to establish the causes of these symptoms as accurately as possible and to provide first aid competently. In any case, if the condition of the child does not stabilize in 12 hours, or it deteriorates sharply in a shorter time, then a medical consultation is necessary.

About the doctor: From 2010 to 2016 practicing physician of the therapeutic hospital of the central medical and sanitary unit No. 21, the city of Elektrostal. Since 2016 he has been working in the diagnostic center №3.

What is diarrhea?

Summer is a time for walking, traveling and, of course, relaxing by the sea. But, unfortunately, even on vacation, anyone can catch a cold, catch an intestinal infection, or simply not adapt to new environmental conditions (do not acclimatize). Most often, children are subject to such adventures, especially often children of preschool age.

One of the most frequent ailments that can happen to a child at sea is diarrhea (diarrhea). The reason for this are the characteristics of the digestive tract and the immaturity of the immune system in children.

Diarrhea is frequent (more than 3 times a day) stool liquid unformed consistency. As a rule, this ailment is accompanied by such symptoms as pain and rumbling in the stomach, sometimes vomiting and high fever.

Causes of diarrhea in a child at sea

There is a wide variety of causes of diarrhea in a child at sea. The most frequent is a food infection, which very often rages in the open spaces of many resorts. Also, the cause of diarrhea may simply be poor-quality products, which the weak intestines of the child cannot cope with. However, also some objective reason may be completely absent. In this case, we are talking about the adaptation of the child's body to new conditions (acclimatization).

The causes of diarrhea in a child at sea are:

  • violation of sanitary norms
  • food poisoning,
  • intestinal infection,
  • acclimatization.

Violation of sanitary norms

This cause of diarrhea in children at sea is the most frequent. Unfortunately, arriving on vacation, parents no longer observe basic hygiene standards or do not prepare children for this. Some are mistaken that it is enough to swim in the sea and wash their hands in the same place, which is completely wrong (the sea contains a huge number of microbes). Also, parents often do not consider it necessary to wash the fruits and vegetables or the dishes in which they are stored. The result of this is the penetration of pathogenic bacteria into the body of a child.

To avoid this, it is necessary to realize that at sea the need for washing hands increases tenfold. It is equally important to wash the dishes in which food is brought to the beach, as well as the products themselves. Few people know that it is in the sand and sea water that the most pathogenic (disease-causing) flora. Therefore, it is best to take food not on the beach, but if this fails, then to ensure maximum sanitary conditions.

Vomiting and diarrhea in a child at sea

Diarrhea or diarrhea - frequent (more than three times a day) unformed chair. The frequency of the stool depends on the cause of the diarrhea, as well as on the age of the child. The younger the child, the more often he has feces.

The disease begins suddenly with the appearance of fever and vomiting. Vomiting can be either single or repeated several times. Initially, vomit is the contents of the stomach. However, later, when the stomach is cleared, the child may vomit bile contents. Vomiting is accompanied by fever (up to 38 degrees), lethargy and weakness. The peculiarity of rotavirus infection is that initially the disease proceeds as a cold. So, the child has a runny nose, pain when swallowing and other symptoms that resemble the flu. However, on the second day, a disorder of the stool in the form of diarrhea joins the above symptoms. Rotavirus infection is characterized by liquid gray-yellow stools. If the infection also affects the liver, the stool begins to lighten (Acholic feces), and blood clots appear in it.

The frequency of loose stools correlates with the risk of dehydration - the more often the baby has a stool, the greater the likelihood of dehydration. Therefore, parents should carefully monitor the condition of the child at the time of illness.

Signs of dehydration are:

  • dry and furred tongue
  • lethargy, drowsiness, apathy,
  • rapid pulse (more than 90 beats per minute),
  • dry marble skin,
  • confusion,
  • cramps, muscle spasms.
Despite the fact that diarrhea is common in children and, as a rule, does not cause great anxiety to parents, its consequences can be very deplorable. The main danger is the consequences for the baby’s nervous system. Thus, during dehydration, the blood supply to the brain is impaired, after which it begins to experience oxygen deficiency (hypoxia). Hypoxia, in turn, causes the death of nerve cells. Also, during dehydration, multiple metabolic changes develop, which subsequently affect the functioning of the heart, kidneys, and liver.

First aid for diarrhea in a child is the replenishment of body fluids, that is, rehydration therapy. To replenish the lack of water with diarrhea and vomiting in a child is quite an ordinary solution of rehydron or hydrovit. It is important to understand that with vomiting and frequent stools, the child loses not only fluid, but also body salts. Therefore, at the same time with the liquid it is vital to ensure the flow of salts into the body. For this, most commonly used drugs such as rehydron, hydrovit, oralit.

Diarrhea and child temperature at sea

Fluid and frequent stools (diarrhea) often appears on the background of temperature. Increased body temperature in a child is a sign of infection. At sea, the most common infection is rotavirus and enterovirus. With rotavirus infection, the temperature can vary within 38 degrees, with enterovirus infections reach 39 degrees.

As a rule, the temperature persists for 4–5 days, after which it begins to slowly decline and after 2–3 days it reaches the norm. During this period, the child looks weak, drowsy, apathetic. When the temperature starts to decrease, the child “comes to life” as it were and begins to be active again.

The frequency of diarrhea, as a rule, does not correlate with the height of the temperature.This means that even at a temperature of 39 degrees, the chair can be about 3 times a day, but, at the same time, it can be observed 10 times a day at a temperature of only 37 degrees.

Temperature in diarrhea is a symptom of a general intoxication syndrome, that is, a manifestation of infection. She is accompanied by symptoms such as headache, weakness, and sometimes a rash. The flow of temperature may be wave-like. At the same time, periodic rises and decreases in temperature are noted. To eliminate elevated temperatures, antipyretic agents such as paracetamol and ibuprofen are used. However, it is important to remember that it is not recommended to bring down the temperature below 38.5 degrees.

Seawater poisoning

By itself, sea water does not pose a threat to the life of a child or an adult. The exceptions are those cases when a large amount of seawater enters the body. Being salty and containing special composition, water can irritate the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract. This can cause the development of diarrhea in the child. However, in this case, diarrhea is a transient phenomenon, that is, passing.

At the same time, pathogenic microbes can enter the body with seawater. Especially often this happens with young children who swim near the shore, where the probability of infection is much higher.

Pathogenic microorganisms living in seawater include:

  • rotaviruses,
  • adenoviruses,
  • reoviruses,
  • coronaviruses,
  • enteroviruses.
In case of accidental ingestion, these pathogenic microorganisms invade the gastrointestinal tract. Once in the child's body, viruses begin to multiply very rapidly. Further development of the disease depends on factors such as resistance (resilience) child organism to this microbe, the state of immunity, the presence of associated diseases.

First aid for seawater poisoning
Sea water can be ingested by involuntary ingestion during swimming or by ingestion through the nose, for example, while playing in water.

Help is washing the stomach and provoking the gag reflex. It's enough to drink 1 - 1.5 liters of warm water, then press your finger on the root of the tongue. It is not recommended to use for washing potassium permanganate (manganese in the people), as this may complicate the disease. If a small amount of seawater has been ingested, then it is enough to take adsorbents. As adsorbents are medications such as polysorb, enterosgel, activated carbon.

What to do if a child has diarrhea at sea?

The tactics of treatment of diarrhea in a child at sea depends on the accompanying clinical picture. If the stool frequency is more than 5 times a day, and diarrhea does not pass after taking standard medications, you should consult a doctor. If, in addition to the liquid and frequent stools, the child has a fever, indomitable vomiting, confusion, then this is a reason for seeking emergency help. Before the arrival of the ambulance, it is important to monitor the condition of the child and, first of all, give him a drink to prevent dehydration.

In order to provide first aid for diarrhea and vomiting before the ambulance arrives, the following actions can be taken:

  • after each episode of vomiting, you must give the child to drink saline,
  • replenishment of the liquid should take place in small volumes - 15 to 30 milliliters, otherwise large volumes of water can provoke vomiting,
  • in the presence of concomitant pain in the child should not give him any painkillers,
  • it is also forbidden to give him drugs like loperamide (This is especially true for infants.),
  • during the illness the child should not be in the sun.
So, the main method of treatment before the arrival of an ambulance or before going to a doctor is rehydration, that is, replenishment of the fluid lost with vomiting and diarrhea. For this purpose, such drugs as rehydron, oral, hydrovit are used.

Medicines used in the treatment of diarrhea in children

TitleMechanism of actionHow to use?

One bag diluted in one liter of boiled water, after which the solution is allowed to cool.

Children of younger preschool age 10 to 20 milliliters of the prepared solution every 10 minutes for the first time 2 to 3 hours of illness.

At the first signs of dehydration, the dose is increased to 30 - 50 milliliters every 10 minutes.

Available in finished form, but for children under 3 years old, the solution should be diluted with boiled water in a ratio of 1: 1.

10 to 15 milliliters inward every 10 minutes.

The contents of the bag must be dissolved in a glass (250 milliliters) boiled or distilled water.

It is important to prepare the solution before use, it is not recommended to leave the prepared solution. Dosage depends on age. Thus, children under 3 years old need 3–4 sachets of hydrovit, older children need one sachet (200 milliliters of ready solutiona) after each bowel movement.


Often, the necessary medicines are not at hand, and the pharmacy is far away.
If there is no pharmacy in the district, and a home first aid kit was not provided, then the rehydration solution can be prepared at home. Also replace it with rice water or juice.

Components of the solution for rehydration at home are:

  • boiled cooled water - 1 liter,
  • salt - half a teaspoon,
  • sugar - 4 teaspoons,
  • Baking soda - half a teaspoon.
It is recommended to mix all the ingredients and take the prepared solution to 30 milliliters per day. If vomiting is absent or was only once or twice, then you can also give children sour juice. The basic rule for rehydration is not to immediately give a large amount of liquid, so as not to provoke vomiting.

Enterosgel, smecta and other medicines for diarrhea in a child at sea

In addition to saline solutions, other medications may also come to the rescue. Most often, in case of poisoning, sorbents are used, which adsorb and excrete bacteria and their toxins from the body. If the cause of diarrhea is an intestinal infection, then in this case it is advisable to take an antimicrobial drug. Here it is important to understand the difference between an antibiotic and an antimicrobial agent. The first group of drugs, as a rule, is not prescribed for intestinal infections, since it violates the natural intestinal microflora and may further aggravate the condition.

When diarrhea in a child at sea appointed the following groups of drugs:

  • Sorbents - activated carbon, enterosgel. Appointed for detoxification.
  • Antimicrobial drugs - enterofuril. Stop the growth and development of pathogenic microbes and thus hinder the further development of the infectious process.
  • Antipyretic drugs - paracetamol. Appointed as a symptomatic treatment, that is, to eliminate the symptoms of fever.
  • Preparations with a combined mechanism of action, for example, smekta.
Drugs prescribed for diarrhea in a child

Sorbs (fastens on its surface) and removes toxins from the body. Thus, reduces the symptoms of intoxication - vomiting, diarrhea, bloating.

Children under 5 years old half a tablespoon of the drug stir in a glass of water. Reception is repeated three times a day.

For children from 5 to 15 years, the recommended dose is one tablespoon, three times a day. The preparation is also stirred in one glass (200 milliliters) water.

Combines the properties and adsorbent, and antidiarrheal drugs. Absorbs toxins, stabilizes the mucous layer in the gastrointestinal tract, stops diarrhea.

The contents of the bag dissolved in 100 - 150 milliliters of water.Dosage depends on age. So, children under one year need 1 sachet per day, children under 2–3 years old — 2 sachets per day, children over 3 years old — 3 sachets per day.

It binds and removes toxins from the body. It has no age limit. The drug is taken in the form of an aqueous suspension.

The powder is mixed with 100 - 150 milliliters (half glass) water and taken in the form of an aqueous suspension.

The dosage depends on the weight and age of the child. Children up to 10 kilograms (chest age) one teaspoon per day is needed, for children up to 20 kilograms one teaspoon three times a day, for children more than 30 kilograms 2 teaspoons three times a day.

Suppresses the multiplication of pathogenic bacteria in the intestine, thereby eliminating the cause of diarrhea. Does not violate the natural intestinal microflora, prevents the development of complications.

Available in suspension and capsules. Preschool children are recommended suspension, older children capsules. Dosage depends on age.

Infants 2.5 ml of suspension three times a day

Children up to 2 years have the same volume of suspension, but four times a day.

Children from 3 to 6 years old, 5 milliliters three times a day.

Children over 7 years old 5 milliliters 4 times a day.

It has anti-inflammatory and antipyretic effect - lowers the temperature and eliminates body aches.

Children up to a year for 120 milligrams 4 times a day with an interval of 4 - 5 hours.

Children under 5 years old to 250 milligrams 4 times a day with the same interval.

Children 6 years and older, 500 milligrams every 5 hours, 4 times a day.

Prevention of diarrhea in a child at sea

Prevention of intestinal infection in a child at sea should begin long before arriving at the seaside. Such preventive measures are called preliminary. Also, precautions must be taken during rest. Only such an integrated approach will help prevent infection and further acute intestinal infection in children.

The basis of pre-prevention of intestinal infections are two factors:

  • strengthening immunity
  • teaching the child to the rules of personal hygiene.
Both directions are equivalent in preventing any type of intestinal infection. Also, in some cases, preliminary prevention involves the vaccination of the child.

Strengthening immunity in order to prevent intestinal infection

The nature of the harmful effects of viruses or bacteria that provoke intestinal infections depends largely on the state of children's immunity. Thus, in some cases, with an adequate response of the immune system to the action of infectious agents, the disease manifests itself with only minor symptoms and soon comes self-healing. Therefore, in the prevention of intestinal infections, immunity strengthening plays an important role.

The basis of strong immunity in a child is a balanced diet with adequate consumption of fresh vegetables and fruits, daily walks, and sports. 2 - 3 months before the intended trip to the sea, it is necessary to make a diagnosis to identify foci of chronic infection (for example, caries, inflamed tonsils) and if necessary, carry out treatment. In some cases (determined by the doctor) You may need to take drugs to strengthen the immune system (vitamin complexes, immunomodulators). Type of medication and dosage prescribed by the doctor.

Schooling child to personal hygiene

Intestinal infection is also called the disease of dirty hands due to the fact that the pathogens of the disease often enter the body due to non-compliance with the principles of personal hygiene. Therefore, children should know and follow the rules of personal care. Parents should not only explain to the child what personal hygiene is, but also monitor the implementation of the rules in order for the child to form a habit.Of great importance is a personal example from parents, since children in many ways copy the behavior of adults.

The main position of personal hygiene is washing hands before eating, after going to the toilet, playing with animals, returning from the street. When performing this procedure, you should follow some rules.

Hands should be washed according to the following rules:

  • In addition to water, you should use soap when performing this procedure.
  • hands should be soaped for at least 30 seconds
  • special attention should be paid to the periungual zone,
  • after washing your hands, wipe dry with a clean (better disposable papera) towel.
Also, the child should be aware of the need to limit contact with potential sources of infection. These include items from the floor / ground, any surfaces in public places (especially in transport, toilet), other people's personal items (comb, handkerchief). Unwashed vegetables and fruits, dirty dishes, water from sources not intended for drinking - all this also applies to factors that increase the risk of developing an intestinal infection.

It is impossible to foresee all situations in which a child may become infected, and provide him with instructions on how to avoid it. In addition, even knowing the rules, children tend to break them. Therefore, the baby must be told the mechanism of infection (where microbes come from and how can they get inside) and the consequences to which it leads. This will help the child more consciously treat the rules of personal hygiene. To better understand the information, you can use children's movies about germs, illustrated stories and other similar materials.

Vaccination against intestinal infections

Among all types of intestinal infections, there are those against which there are vaccines. The time of vaccination, the drug used, the indications and other factors depend on which particular disease is being vaccinated.

There are the following intestinal infections against which there are vaccines:

  • Rotavirus infection. Against this disease, there are 2 types of vaccines - RotaTech (introduced by a course of 3 stages) and Rotarix (put in 2 stages). Both drugs can be used at any age, 6 weeks after the baby is born.
  • Dysentery. For the prevention of dysentery, the drug Shigelvak is used. The vaccine is put only after the child reaches 3 years of age.
  • Typhoid fever. For vaccination of children against typhoid fever, Vianvak and Tifim We are used. The first vaccine is allowed for children from 3 years, the second - after 2 years.
  • Cholera. Against cholera, there are several types of vaccines, among which the most popular are Ducoral (Dukoral) Shankol (Shanchol) and mORC-VAX. The drug Ducoral is put to children over 2 years old, the rest of the vaccine can be administered from one year.
None of the above vaccines are compulsory, which means that parents themselves decide whether their child needs a vaccine or not. To make the right decision, you should consult with a doctor who will take into account the state of children's health and other factors. It should also be borne in mind that there are a number of countries in which the incidence of intestinal infections is higher than in other zones. These countries include regions with a low level of economy and a hot climate (countries of South and Central Africa, South America, Southeast Asia). Before visiting them it is strongly recommended to undergo a vaccination procedure.

The time to develop immunity against the disease after vaccination may be different - from a week to several months. Therefore, you should consult with your doctor about the feasibility of vaccination at least 6-7 months prior to a trip to the sea.

Preventing intestinal infections directly at sea

In order to provide the child with effective protection against intestinal infections at sea, it is necessary to know the main risk factors (contributing to infection and further progression of the disease). Such factors include weakening of the immune system, the use of contaminated water or food, swimming in sea water.

Immunity support at sea
Time spent on the road, climate change, other food - all these circumstances have a negative impact on children's immunity, as a result of which the body becomes more vulnerable to the action of infectious agents. Therefore, it is the task of parents to do everything possible to ensure that the child survives acclimatization with the slightest damage to his health.

The following guidelines are available to support children's immunity at sea:

  • If possible, the sea is better to travel by train or car. When traveling by plane, the climate changes too dramatically, and it is more difficult for a child to adapt.
  • In the first days of rest, the child must follow the usual daily routine (to sleep). If the time zone in the rest region is different from what is at home, a few weeks before the trip to the sea, you need to adjust the children's daily routine (for example, go to bed earlier or later by an hour).
  • The transition to local food should be gradual (that is, you should not allow the child to try all the local dishes on the first day). It is even better if products unaccustomed to the child are completely excluded from the diet.
  • Staying in the sun and in sea water in the first 2 - 3 days should be minimal. On the beach, the child should always be able to quench their thirst.
Control of consumed food and water at sea
Contaminated food or water is a major cause of childhood intestinal infections. Therefore, the child should eat and drink any liquid under parental control in accordance with a number of rules.

There are the following rules for baby food and drink at sea:

  • Only bottled or boiled water should be used for drinking and cooking.
  • drinks that are sold on tap (kvass, lemonade, cold tea) should be excluded
  • you can not drink drinks and eat products that are sold in places of unauthorized trade (on the beach, on the side of the road),
  • meat, fish and other perishable foods should be bought in stores where there are refrigerators,
  • while resting, the child should stop using any dairy products, dishes with mayonnaise,
  • before eating fruit or vegetables, they need to pour boiling water,
  • food should be eaten immediately after it is cooked or served in the dining room,
  • Any snacks on the beach should be banned.
Rules of swimming in the sea
Sea water is a potential source of contamination at sea. To prevent the risk of an intestinal infection, the child, when bathing, should not dive into the water with his head - this will prevent its ingestion. After contact with sea water or sand, wash your hands with soap or use an anti-bacterial agent. When returning from the beach, the child needs to take a shower, and only after that you can go to bed. Children's bathing suit and other clothing that is in contact with sea water or sand, you must immediately wash. Toys and items used on the beach should be treated with an antiseptic.

Children suffer more often

Most often, children can swallow the sea. If a significant portion of seawater was obtained, the child may manifest: poor health, vomiting, nausea, and anorexia. This does not raise the temperature and diarrhea will not occur. A similar condition is caused by the influence of salt water on the stomach wall, it passes literally in one day, and in order to alleviate nausea, it is advisable to drink plenty of plain water. Vomiting in a child at sea may be different.

Why can be poisoned on the sea?

If a child, in addition to the above, has other symptoms, then most likely this condition is caused by any of the following reasons:

  1. Food poisoning and intestinal infection as a possible result. It may be due to low quality products, nutrition in unsanitary conditions, hot climate, exotic dishes, changes in the previous diet. Observed diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain, in some cases, the temperature, mostly low (if there is no intestinal infection).
  2. Infection. Very often children (and sometimes adults) pick up rotavirus or enterovirus enteritis in resort areas. This causes vomiting and diarrhea in a child at sea, a temperature exceeding 38 ° C.
  3. Hypothermia or hypothermia, which can be obtained due to the prolonged stay of the child in the water. Usually, the water has a temperature below the usual for a person of 36.6 degrees, so the body begins to give its own heat, and in the water such a loss is faster than on land, twenty times. In addition, the cause of hypothermia may be wet clothes, if it remains for such a long time. The following symptoms are characteristic: low body temperature, bluish tinge of the legs and hands, goose bumps on the skin, chills. Vomiting may be caused by stomach cramps due to temperature changes. The most important action in this case is to carry the child to the room and rub his body, then wrap him up with a blanket and let him drink a warm drink (but not hotter!). Vomiting a child at sea with a temperature much more dangerous.
  4. Sunstroke or overheating. Due to a violation of thermoregulation, there is an increase in body temperature (more than 38 ° C), with fainting, weakness, headaches, nausea, and there may be a single vomiting. Diarrhea does not happen. It is worth noting that overheating is much more dangerous than hypothermia.

This is what may cause vomiting in a child at sea.

Signs of poisoning

Symptoms characteristic of food poisoning and intestinal infections can manifest themselves at sea in different ways. It is possible to start treatment without an accurate diagnosis, since the treatment of intestinal disorders is the same. The most important thing is not to miss the occurrence of such dangerous infectious diseases as cholera, typhoid, botulism, salmonellosis, or poisoning by toxins. If there is a slight poisoning or an infection that can be cured at home, then symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting, weakness, fever, and in some cases a runny nose, sneezing are observed.

Most often, the onset of the disease is associated with a sharp jump in temperature and vomiting. Such disorders usually pass for a couple of days. If the disease develops slowly, then these symptoms may occur only after two or three days.

But there can be vomiting in a child at sea without a temperature.

The specificity of the course of bacterial infection in children

In case of a sudden appearance of vomiting in a child, it can be understood that pathogenic microflora has appeared in his body. It is necessary to try to remember what foods he ate, whether there was stale food or fruit in the diet. After that, you need to carefully monitor the child's behavior and well-being, pay attention to the skin color and check if he has a fever. In the case of exacerbation of symptoms, action should be taken sooner. Diarrhea and vomiting with a child’s temperature at sea is a serious matter.

With the normal behavior of the child and the disappearance of loose stools, after a while it can be judged that the body has coped itself and is freed from toxic substances. In this case, you must follow a diet and drink as much as possible.

It happens that vomiting occurs once, while there is no temperature, no diarrhea, the child does not shiver after bathing, a rash does not appear on the skin, the mood is good.You do not need to do anything, because in this case there is a symptom of motion sickness, arising from a long road, sea waves, or as a result of the fact that the child swallowed water.

Motion sickness is accompanied by nausea, general weakness and vomiting, but they most often disappear shortly after the influence of the provoking factor ceases. So, what to do when vomiting a child at sea?

First aid for poisoning during the sea holiday

If a child or an adult has poisoned sea water because it has swallowed up in large quantities, you need to drink plenty of fluids and eat foods that are easily absorbed by the body. You can simply vomit at sea in a child without diarrhea.

When food poisoning is necessary to repeatedly wash the stomach with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or salted water: drink and vomit, drink again and so on until the stomach is cleared of food.

If there is a chance of viral enteritis, do not induce vomiting. In the presence of its light form, everything will pass in just a couple of days, but if the disease is severe, you need to go to the doctor.

If there was a heat stroke, the victim should be put in the shade and wipe with cool water.

After the first steps are taken, it is necessary to begin to treat poisoning.

How to treat vomiting in a child at sea without a temperature?

Ways to cure poisoning

To cure poisoning during the sea holiday, you need to adhere to the following recommendations.

With diarrhea and excessive vomiting, you need to use drugs that protect the body from dehydration, such as Hydrovit and Regidron. In case of their absence, you can drink mineral water, releasing gas from it before. The analogue of “Regidron”, prepared at home, is also suitable: a whisper of salt is added to the sweetened water.

Antibiotic use

To conditionally pathogenic intestinal microflora did not expand its effect, you need to drink "Enterofuril". Use of antibiotics is not recommended.

In the case of coronavirus or rotavirus enteritis, it is necessary to take a drug like Tsitovir.

A universal remedy for vomiting after bathing in a child’s sea is Smekta, an adsorbent that stops diarrhea and soothes the symptoms. There are its analogues such as "Enterosgel", activated carbon, "Polysorb MP" and "Polyphepan."

At high temperature

If the temperature exceeds 38.5 ° C, you need to drink antipyretics. However, children should be given medicines based on analgin or paracetamol. You can also wipe off with a wet towel.

It is necessary to drink plenty of fluids in order to restore its loss by the body and help it to eliminate toxins faster.

On the first day, a hungry diet is recommended, then you need to adhere to a sparing diet and eat clean and fluid writing.

When is the time to see a doctor?

If the child is poisoned, it is necessary to consult a doctor in such cases:

  • if he is under three years old
  • in the presence of symptoms of dehydration (sunken eyes, poor urination, chapped lips, inelastic skin),
  • dark urine color
  • jaundice,
  • respiratory failure, joint swelling, rashes, and other uncharacteristic signs.

Both children and adults need to consult a doctor if vomiting does not pass during the day. What should I do to prevent diarrhea and vomiting after the sea?

Ways to prevent poisoning

To prevent poisoning during the sea holiday and not to spoil your vacation, you need to carefully consider your health and, if possible, avoid dangerous situations.

For this you need:

  • take on the trip all the medicines that can come in handy
  • not to be in the sun at the peak of heat
  • always wear hats, easy to dress,
  • do not have purchased salads,
  • wash vegetables and fruits well
  • use personalized dishes or disposable, if possible,
  • not to buy meat products in the heat,
  • eat preferably in one place
  • not to buy food from sellers who carry it on the beach,
  • carefully monitor the quality of the water, and even better - buy bottled water.

We considered what to do when vomiting a child at sea. The main thing is not to raise panic, you must act calmly and confidently.

Watch the video: Operation Ouch - Travel Sickness. Science for Kids (December 2019).

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