Ruta fragrant Ruta fragrant

Fragrant Ruta is among the most popular medicinal plants, widely used in medicine in Europe. For medicinal purposes, mainly fresh or dried grass is used. Preparations from the rue are widely used in gynecological practice, they are prescribed for algomenorrhea, hypomenstrual syndrome, with neurasthenia in menopause, and also for the regulation of weak menstruation in adolescence as an estrogenic agent. Due to the anesthetic effect of the root was part of the drug "Akofin" (Radiculin). In small doses, the root enhances intestinal motility, improves the flow of bile from the gallbladder. Rutin contained in the grass belongs to the vitamins of group P, which strengthens the capillaries, is available in the form of tablets mixed with ascorbic acid. The fragrant rut is used in case of overwork and nervous excitability, especially with vegetative neurosis as a sedative. In addition, the root is used as an antispasmodic in the treatment of insomnia and headache. According to some sources, the use of rut oil in aromatherapy for head and ear pain, sprains and rheumatism is recommended.

Contraindications

Ruta is included in the pharmacopoeia of many countries, but it requires a very careful attitude to the application. Since the plant is poisonous, its overdose causes irritation of the mucous membranes of the digestive tract, swelling of the tongue and larynx, dizziness, nausea and vomiting, disruption of the liver and kidneys. Preparations from the rue are contraindicated in pregnancy, uterine bleeding, hypotension, hyperacid gastritis and gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, colitis, acidity, and during menstruation.

Botanical description

Perennial herb with a strong odor. Stem erect (10-30 cm tall). Leafless flowering shoots. The leaves are simple, alternate, without stipules, in the shape of an ovate-triangular, double-, three-pinnate, with oblong-obovate obtuse lobes. Usually leaves with translucent dots - glands with essential oils. The flowers are bisexual, regular, yellow, collected in the apical loose corymbose inflorescence. Perianth double. Petals in number 4, on the top form a small helmet, narrowed at the base of the claw, sepals rather dense. Fruit - spherical chetyrehgnezdny box. Flowering rue in June - July. The fruits ripen in September.

The flowers of the rue are protoandrich, pollinated by insects (usually small floral flies). Original devices for cross-pollination at the rue is the ability of the stamens and the column to perform certain movements in the flowering process, as a result of which they assume a different position relative to the column with the stigma. During flowering, the flowers of the rue are widely open and at the beginning of the stamen lies on strongly concave hood-shaped petals and sepals. Then, one after another, they are lifted one after another and the anthers are opened in a vertical position, after the pollen has erupted, the first stamen deviates downwards and takes the same position. Then all the others make such movements one after another. Due to the stamen movement, at the time of ripening of the stigma, self-pollination is prevented, but at the end of flowering, on the contrary, it is provided. The formula of the flower of rue: * CH5L5T10P4-5.

Preparation of raw materials

For medicinal purposes, use fresh or dried grass. Procurement of raw materials produced during flowering. Gather grass - leafy twigs with buds and with 1-2 blossoming flowers, usually in rubber gloves, because the juice can cause burns (in the form of watery blisters) and edema. Twigs no longer than 20 cm are cut with shears. Dry the raw materials in a shady place in bundles. The finished raw material of green rue, it is stored in a well-closed glass or metal container in a dry, dark place, as the light of the rue fades and loses activity. The shelf life of raw materials for 2 years.

Chemical composition

The fragrant leaves contain alkaloids - 0.2%, essential oil - 1.2%, flavocrutine, furonumarin, furocoumarin, xantoxin, rutin, coumarin - 0.1%, umbelliferon, bergapten, flavonoids - rutin, quercitin more than 2%, as well as organic acids (malic, valeric), vitamin C, bitterness and resinous substances.

Pharmacological properties

The drugs have anticonvulsant, diuretic, hemostatic, estrogenic properties, as well as enhance the contraction of the uterus, stimulate the appetite. The substances contained in the root (coumarins, flavonoids - rutin and quercitin) have a vessel-strengthening and antispasmodic effect. In addition, coumarin - umbelliferon, together with bergapten, increases skin sensitivity near UV rays.

Use in traditional medicine

In folk medicine, fragrant rut is widely used in the form of teas, fees, tinctures and tinctures both inwardly and externally. Infusion of herbs rue used as a disinfectant for flushing the eyes with conjunctivitis. For inflammation of the eyelids and skin rashes, a decoction of the herb is used for compresses and lotions. Broth rue is also used for frostbite, pink acne, fungal skin diseases and boils. In folk medicine fragrant rut is used for neurosis, as a general tonic, antiseptic, anticonvulsant, and also as an antihelminthic and means that reduces rheumatic, neuralgic pains and migraine headaches. Ruta has a good effect with frequent urination, impotence, fragility of blood vessels, rickets and myopia. Tincture of the rue is used for varicose dilatation and the treatment of many other diseases. In Indian traditional medicine, fragrant root is used as a stimulant, antiseptic and abortifacient. Ruta is included in fees for the treatment of diseases of the liver, heart, colds and cough.

Literature

  1. Biological Encyclopedic Dictionary (ed. MS Gilyarov). M. 1986. 820 p.

2. Blinov KF, et al. Botanico-pharmacognostic dictionary. Ed. K. F. Blinova, G. P. Yakovlev. M .: Higher. Shk., 1990.S. 233.

3. Yelenevsky A.G., M.P. Solovyov, V.N. Tikhomirov // Botanica. Systematics of higher or terrestrial plants. M. 2004. 420 p.

4. Plant life (ed. By AL Takhtadzhyan) 1982. T. 5 (2). Pp. 159-162.

5. Zamyatin N.G. Medicinal plants. M. 1998. 496 p.

6. Kovaleva N. G. Ruta fragrant // Treatment with plants. Essays on herbal medicine. M .: Medicine, 1972. - p. 214.

7. Medicinal properties of agricultural plants / Ed. M.I. Borisova.

8. Minsk: Urajay, 1974.S. 105. 336 p.

9. Peshkova G.I., Schroeter A.I. Plants in home cosmetics and dermatology. Directory. SME. 2001 684 p.

Breeding

The plant propagates by seed. They are best sown in March in a pot and grow seedlings. In the phase of 3-4 true leaves of the plant dive. It is better to plant at once in separate pots, then when disembarking to a permanent place, the plants quickly start to grow and become decorative.
Seedlings are planted at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other in early June. Care is weeding, loosening and feeding complex fertilizers or diluted mullein or bird droppings.
You can sow the seeds in early spring directly into the ground, but in this case the consumption of seeds greatly increases, and the plants will really be decorative only for the next season.
Shelter plants for the winter does not always give good results. Often they begin to stumble out. Therefore, to cover them or not to cover - the question is quite controversial.
In the spring, the plants are cut to live wood, fed, In this case, they quickly grow and form a large leaf mass.
At one place in the conditions of the Nonchernozem zone plants grow 3–5 years, and sometimes more. But gradually, they still begin to die, so you need to take care of the replacement.

Council The plant is so decorative that it will decorate any plant composition: mixborder, rock garden, and just a flower bed in front of the house.

Use in official and traditional medicine

In our country, the root is not used by scientific medicine, but in a number of European countries it is included in the pharmacopeia.
Vinmanie! Ruta is a poisonous plant and requires careful use and strict adherence to dosage.
Herb rue has, according to traditional medicine, a significant range of pharmacological activity. It is known as a general tonic, antispastic, antiseptic, anticonvulsant, hemostatic and antitoxic agent.
Used for neurosis, atherosclerosis, menopause. Ruta is effective in treating asthenic conditions, hysteria, epilepsy, and headache.
Rut herb is used for rheumatism, gout, impotence, myopia, fragility of blood vessels, scrofula, rickets, as well as spastic pains in the stomach and intestines. Fragrant Ruta has a general tonic effect, removes the feeling of fatigue, calms the nervous system. Preparations from this plant reduce spasms of smooth muscles of the urinary tract and peripheral blood vessels, reduce blood pressure, increase diuresis. Herbal tea is considered a good remedy for impotence. Infusion of leaves is used in case of blood stasis in the internal organs, as soothing with nervous irritability. According to some reports, when impotence helps receiving infusion of herbs of the rue on grape wine.
In traditional medicine, fresh rue juice is taken orally with the bites of poisonous insects and snakes, as well as with poor eyesight.
Fresh leaves are applied to the site of bruises and bruises.

Home use

Infusion of leaves is prepared from 1 tbsp. spoons of crushed raw materials, which is poured with 1 cup of boiling water, insist 2 hours, filter. Take 50 ml 3 times a day.
To prepare a cold infusion of herbs, it is necessary to pour 1 teaspoon of crushed raw materials with 2 cups of cold boiled water, insist 8 hours, drain. Take 1/2 cup 4 times daily before meals.
Tincture is the most convenient to use. When using it is easier to observe the exact dosage. Prepare a tincture of vodka in the ratio of 1: 5. Insist 10 days in a dark place, strain, Take 10 drops in 1 tbsp. spoonful of water 3 times a day.
Attention! Ruta preparations are contraindicated during pregnancy, hypotension, hyperacid gastritis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer. Overdose may cause irritation of the mucous membrane of the digestive tract, swelling of the tongue and larynx, fainting, vomiting, diarrhea, convulsions, general weakness, kidney and liver damage. External application of the rue sometimes causes skin burns.

The young leaves of the rue are fragrant. They are used as a spice for flavoring tea, soft drinks, sausages, sauces, they are added to canned cucumbers and tomatoes, and to dishes from lamb and cheese. Essential oil of rue is used in the alcoholic beverage industry in the production of brandy and liqueurs.

Medicinal properties of fragrant rue

Freshly cut grass contains fragrant ruts from up to 0.15% of essential oil and glucoside rutin, which has the property of lowering blood pressure and strengthening fragile peripheral blood vessels (capillaries).

Thanks to the routine contained in the root of the fragrant, the plant is of great importance in scientific medicine. Fragrant Ruta is also used in folk medicine in the form of simple decoctions or the so-called rutovoy oil (tincture on Provencal oil).

Preparations from the rue help with:

  • abdominal pains (cramps),
  • dizziness
  • flatulence
  • shortness of breath
  • with general weakness
  • with poor digestion in the stomach,
  • with convulsions and hysteria (tea from the rue and valerian, mixed in equal parts, drink sips, one glass per day),
  • heart palpitations
  • epilepsy (tincture).

By the way, the root is a fragrant good refreshing agent for the oral cavity (the plant is chewed).

With scant menstruation (with pain in the lower abdomen) use fragrant rue mixed with parsley (2 parts of herb and 1 part of parsley), 2 teaspoons of the mixture per cup of boiling water, drink in 3 doses during the day.

To festering eyes make a lotion from the diluted fresh juice of the herb of the rue fragrant or decoction of the rue.

To wounds and bruises with bruises, apply juice, decoction or powder from the herb of the rue fragrant mixed with honey.

Juice of rue fragrant canned for the winter. Photo: Wikipedia

Fragrant rue juice gives a good healing effect, therefore it is recommended to preserve it for the winter period: mix 1 part of rue juice (or leaves) with 6 parts of alcohol, stand for 10 days in a warm, dark place, strain (if the juice is made from leaves). Use canned juice like tincture from a fragrant rue.

Methods of use of drugs:

  • Broth from rue: 5.0 or 10.0 to 200.0, one tablespoon three times a day.
  • Tincture from rue: 15.0, 3 drops a day.

Ruta fragrant photos and descriptions

Botanical name: Rue - Blue Jackman’s Blue

Jackman’s Blue is a compact hybrid variety with small silver-blue metal leaves, growing about 60 cm wide and 60 cm high. Most often, the root is grown for decoration in a modern garden, its strong aroma and attractive appearance are perfect for this.

There are several varieties of conventional rue, which is a perennial shrub up to 45 cm wide and up to 1 meter high, with many stems extending from the woody base. Bitter-tasting leaves are usually gray-green, blue-green, or even motley and may differ slightly on the same plant. The leaves have a strong aroma, often characterized as unpleasant. Yellow flowers appear in early summer.

In the natural Mediterranean environment the bush becomes wild. It was strongly recommended by ancient writers such as Hippocrates as a cure for many ailments. The name “root” comes from Greek and means “to free”, and it appeared in writing as early as 1562, and its various healing properties were noted there. Great Italian artists used it to improve and preserve vision, helping it to be "clear and clear."

Once the grass was added to the Holy Water, and the plant received the name Grass of Grace. Ruta is also associated with magic and witches. It was considered an anti-magical plant of the ancient Greeks, it was used for protection, when meeting people who, in their opinion, were engaged in witchcraft. In the Middle Ages, the grass was also considered a powerful protection against witches, and was also used in many spells, and is believed to have bestowed second sight.

In our time, the root is usually used in life, for the decorative delimitation of the garden.

Growing conditions

Like every root, Jackman’s Blue is a hardy plant and grows well in a cool or warm climate, especially in areas with good rainfall. However, she doesn’t like the summer humidity typical of tropical areas, as wet conditions cause problems with the leaves, they start to rot or mold. In hot regions it can grow in the shade, but where there is a mild summer, it needs a lot of sun.

During the first year, additional care and watering may be required, but after that the plants should become hardy and drought-resistant. Bad, sandy or gravel, but well-drained soils are very well suited. Mediterranean habitat tends to dry, rocky rocks, including areas rich in lime. In acidic soils, it is necessary to add limestone to the planting zone.Rich soil can lead to the overgrown appearance of the rue, in contrast to the compact shrub growth in the soil poorer. In cold areas, the plant is also more likely to grow if it is planted on poorer soils and slightly protected from cold. In its natural habitat, rue receives irregular showers throughout the year. Deep watering once every two weeks will help approach these conditions. In the summer, it should be watered only in very dry areas and only if the plant needs water.

The plant can multiply by seeds or from tree cuttings, they can be taken from late spring to late summer. If the woody stems of an adult plant touch the ground, they form roots, then they can be dug up and transferred to any place in the garden.

Drug use

Medical specialists strongly advise against the use of the root for medicinal purposes due to its toxic properties. Plant chemicals have a strong stimulating, antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory effect. However, with the use of such drugs there can be undesirable and toxic effects, they often worsen the very problem that they had to treat, for example, kidney disease.

Although in ancient times, the root was often used for medicinal purposes, mostly women who wanted to cause an abortion, as well as to treat liver and kidney problems, skin problems, digestive disorders and vision problems. Currently, there are serious doubts about the reliability of use, because there are contraindications. Pregnant women should avoid taking rue because of the risk of uterine contraction resulting in miscarriage.

Culinary use

Ruta is rarely used in cooking because of its bitter taste and pungent aroma. However, it can be used in salads or sandwiches in small quantities, as well as for flavoring herbal vinegar. Since it is considered toxic in large quantities, then when cooking it should be used quite a bit.

Other uses

Ruta can be used as an insect repellent, and its scent causes dislike for dogs and cats. Plant a rue right where the abundance of insects is a problem, or use dried leaves to fight moths in cabinets. Leaves can be collected at any time for use as an insect repellent or dried for later use. Sometimes it is used to flavor soap and culinary seasonings.

Because of the insects, which are repelled by the scent, the plant can be planted next to roses or raspberries, but with basil it is better not to.

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