General view of a flowering plant
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Alchemilla vulgaris L., 1753
The cuff is ordinary (Latin Alchemilla vulgaris) - a perennial herbaceous creeping plant, a species of the genus Cuff of the family Pink ( Rosaceae ).
View Alchemilla vulgaris L. is often considered as a national team. In the database The plant list Alchemilla vulgaris L. has a status unresolved name .
Folk names: chest grass, unmarried, infant, bear paw, borka, forest bukharka, forest horseradish, rue, hearty gourd, barannik, god’s tears, aksyutina grass, ear cuff, gorlyanka, kopitnik, starter, starfish, calmer, goose paw, small frog, paw, mashko, midges, intergamnal, triperestor, poplizuha, love spell, love spell, darling, rosichka, rosnik common, rossnika, sundew, hare cabbage, sharoshnik, pork tongues, burdock, lopah, lovova paw, lion.
Description Chemical composition
In various parts of the cuff ordinary (or hare cabbage) were found:
- In the leaves: tannins, vitamin C,
- In the aerial part: Kahetin, tannins,
- In the green part: coumarins, lipids, flavonoids, lignin, phenol carbonic acids and their derivatives, tannins.
The plant also contains steroids, bitterness, fatty acids, resins, leukoanthocyanidins, tannin and trace elements (manganese, zinc, iron, nickel, molybdenum, copper and boron).
Useful properties of the cuff ordinary determine the following chemical elements:
- Ascorbic acid: removes harmful compounds that lead to the formation of malignant tumors, promotes the absorption of iron, normalizes the work of the central nervous system and the process of blood formation, stimulates the activity of the endocrine glands,
- Steroids (phytosterols): normalize the cardiovascular system, neutralize the action of toxins, stimulate hormone formation, regulate mineral metabolism, increase immunity, physical and mental activity,
- Phenol carboxylic acids: strengthen the functions of the kidneys, accelerate the processes of excretion of bile, stimulate the antitoxic function of the liver, eliminate inflammation,
- Bitterness: have a marked choleretic effect, stimulate the appetite,
- Lignin: absorbs and removes through the gastrointestinal tract some types of fungi, yellow staphylococcus, salmonella, allergens, heavy metals, toxins, ammonia. It has antioxidant, detoxification, lipid-lowering, antidiarrheal, enterosorbing properties,
- Tannins: narrow blood vessels, lower capillary permeability, form a biological film that prevents negative mechanical, bacterial or chemical effects on body tissues,
- Flavonoids: neutralize free radicals, improve elasticity and strengthen the walls of blood vessels, prevent sclerotic lesions of the capillaries, inhibit the action of enzymes that destroy hyaluronic acid,
- Fatty acids: normalize metabolism, participate in the formation of energy and the construction of membranes, forming the skeleton of cells,
- Coumarins: slow down the process of blood clotting, accelerate wound healing, inhibit tumor cells, are a means to prevent the formation of blood clots,
- Leucoanthocyanidins: slow down the aging process, eliminate bleeding and bacterial infections, normalize the metabolism and the central nervous system, strengthen the capillaries and blood vessels, prevent the development of cancer, are a means to prevent diabetes and Alzheimer's disease,
- Resins: possess immunomodulatory, antibacterial, laxative, disinfectant properties,
- Lipids: provide the synthesis of hormones responsible for the normal functioning of the nervous system,
- Catechins: slow down the aging process, prevent the destruction of cells, neutralize free radicals, so they are a means of preventing the development of cancer,
- Tannin: eliminates the symptoms of intoxication with heavy metals and poisons of plant origin, normalizes the gastrointestinal tract, has a bactericidal, wound-healing, astringent and bacteriostatic properties.
Also, the beneficial properties of the plant are determined by its constituent microelements:
- Iron: synthesizes hormones of the thyroid gland and hemoglobin, ensures the normal functioning of the muscles, increases the body's defenses,
- Boron: participates in the synthesis of vitamin D, regulates the functions of the reproductive system, normalizes hormones,
- Copper: contributes to the process of blood formation, strengthens bone tissue, activates anabolic processes, neutralizes the destructive action of free radicals,
- Manganese: participates in the synthesis of thyroid hormone and insulin, regulates lipid metabolism, promotes the formation of connective and bone tissue,
- Zinc: provides renewal of skin cells, accelerates the healing process of small wounds and cracks, reduces the manifestation of allergies, improves immunity, has antimicrobial and antiviral properties,
- Molybdenum: provides the metabolism of fat and carbohydrates, is a means of preventing anemia,
- Nickel: normalizes hormonal balance, stimulates the process of blood formation, participates in the synthesis of protein, deoxyribonucleic acid and ribonucleic acid, regulates metabolism.
Due to this composition, the preparations from the cuff ordinary have astringent, hemostatic, diuretic, enveloping, lactogonic, antimicrobial, expectorant, diuretic, hemostatic, wound healing, sedative, anti-inflammatory, choleretic and antiseptic properties.
Indications for use
- Flaccid intestinal peristalsis, dyspepsia, stomach cramps, flatulence, enterocolitis, diarrhea, chronic gastritis with secretory insufficiency, enteritis, colitis,
- Diseases of the upper respiratory tract, asthma, tuberculosis, pneumonia, bronchitis,
- Swelling of the heart and kidney,
- Chronic pyelonephritis,
- Internal bleeding
- Hypermenstrual syndrome, menstrual disorders, dysmenorrhea,
- Blood diseases
- Systemic lupus erythematosus,
- Myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, arrhythmia,
- Venous insufficiency
- Cuts, wounds, ulcers, acne, furunculosis,
- Sprains, sprains,
- Exudative diathesis,
- Runny nose, cold
- Peptic ulcer
- Diseases of the brain and spinal cord,
- Inflammation of the breast.
Homemade drugs from the cuff ordinary
To stop uterine bleeding and normalize the menstrual cycle, it is recommended to take an infusion. For its preparation, an equal amount of dry grass of the cuff, yarrow, shepherd's purse, highlander bird, stinger, and nettle leaves and bergenia roots are thoroughly mixed. 2 tablespoons of the resulting collection pour 500 ml of boiling water and incubated in a water bath for 15 minutes. Ready infusion is taken orally half a glass once a day for 7-10 days.
When bronchitis is used tincture, for the preparation of which 30 g of dry grass of the hare cabbage is placed in a thermos, pour 1 liter of hot grape wine, then infuse for 12 hours. The finished tincture is taken orally 50 ml 3 times a day.
It is recommended to consult with your doctor before using home remedies from a cuff to rule out the presence of contraindications to their use.
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Scientists account for nearly 40 types of cuffs. All types of herbs have the same medicinal ability. The difference often consists in the flowering time of certain species and some morphological features (size of leaves, height, size of flowers). In folk medicine and homeopathy, only an ordinary cuff is used.
It is distributed throughout the European continent, excluding its southernmost regions. In Russia, grass grows everywhere in the forest and subalpine bands, in Siberia and the Caucasus.
The ordinary cuff is a perennial creeping grass, reaching a height of about 30-50 cm. The stems of the plant are able to slightly rise during flowering.
- Roots. At the cuff horizontal thickened rhizome with short lateral roots, brown in color.
- Stem. Often rising, less often - upright. At the top of the branch.
- Leaves. Lower reniform leaves located near the root, have a long petiole. Cut into seven or nine blades almost to the middle of the leaf plate. The edge is large-toothed, has pubescence on both sides, which protects the plant from excess moisture. Even after heavy rain, the leaf plate remains almost dry. The leaves, located on the stem - sessile, have a wavy edge, formed by nine-eleven lobes.
- Flowers At the cuff they are small, have a pale green color. Form false umbrellas. In the flowering phase, each inflorescence resembles a ball. Cuff blooms twice a year, the first bloom falls in June, the second - in September, if it is warm.
- Fruit. Small seeds are formed in August. The plant is able to multiply by seeds.
Preparation of raw materials
To prepare the cuff start in late May - early June. The harvesting period lasts until September, when the plant will fully bloom. Often for medicinal purposes grass is used cuffs, but in folk medicine, and collected its rhizomes. In this case, the harvesting takes place at the end of September with the following rules.
- Collection It is produced in the daytime, after complete drying of moisture on the plant, including dew in the center of the leaves and the liquid released by the hydatods. Cut off the entire above-ground part of the plant at the very base of the stem. The roots of the cuff dig a shovel.
- Preparation for drying. The above-ground part of the plant is carefully inspected for damaged parts of the stems and leaves. They are removed, together with extraneous impurities. Roots washed with plenty of cool running water.
- Drying. The grass is laid out on pallets or hung on the ropes in the shade. For accelerated drying, dryers with a temperature of about 60 ° C are used. Roots laid out in a single layer in a shaded place or in a warm attic with a metal roof. For full drying of the cuff it is necessary to provide high-quality ventilation of the room.
Domestic medicine does not recognize the pharmacological properties of the cuff, considering the effectiveness of the herb unproved, and the pharmacological actions are not well understood. In folk medicine, this plant has been used for a long time. The study of the chemical composition of grass stopped on the definition of groups of substances.
- Phytosterols. Provide regulation of hormonal background. Normalize the work of the cardiovascular system. Neutralize the action of free radicals. Possess immunostimulating abilities.
- Phenol carbonic acid. The cuff contains luteon and ellagic acids. Possess anti-inflammatory properties. Stimulate the production and excretion of bile, normalizing the ratio of bile acids. They have diuretic and hepatoprotective effects.
- Lignin It is characterized as an active natural sorbent capable of absorbing allergens and toxins, residues of bacterial cells, metal salts and other compounds. It gives the plant anti-diarrheal and lipid-lowering properties.
- Tannins. Basically it is tannin. Forms albuminates with protein cells, protecting the surface of the skin, damage to it or mucous membranes from mechanical and chemical irritation. The formation of the film provides an anti-inflammatory, astringent, wound-healing effect of the herb.
- Flavonoids. Normalize the synthesis of cartilage, blocking enzymes that inhibit the production of hyaluronic acid. Permeability and elasticity of vascular walls return to normal, resist sclerotic lesions of blood vessels and capillaries. Possess powerful antioxidant properties.
- Fatty acid. The cuff contains oleic and linoleic acid - stimulants of metabolic processes, participants in the formation of cell membranes, regulators of consumption and storage of energy resources.
- Leukanthocyanins. They have neuroprotective properties, therefore they prevent damage to the nerves of the brain and spinal cord. Strengthen blood vessels, prevent the appearance of tumors, increase the resistance of the human body to stress.
- Bitterness Stimulate appetite, as well as the secretion of digestive juices, indirectly improving the digestive process and activating intestinal motility.
- Vitamins and minerals. The cuff contains a large amount of the main antioxidant for the human body - ascorbic acid. The grass also contains salts of boron, selenium, zinc, manganese, nickel, copper, and molybdenum.
An ordinary cuff is called "female grass" because of the ability of phytosterols in its composition to stimulate the formation of female hormones, in particular, progesterone. The plant has a beneficial effect on the organs that depend on hormonal levels:
- fights premenstrual syndrome
- eliminates the symptoms of menopause,
- normalizes the menstrual-ovulatory cycle,
- eliminates uterine bleeding,
- prevents the formation of ovarian cysts, fibroids,
- prevents the development of malignant tumors,
- eliminates endometriosis,
- used for infertility (to increase the chances of natural conception),
- treats thrush and infectious problems in gynecology.
Failures in the cardiovascular system
An ordinary cuff has a positive effect on the cardiovascular system:
- normalizes the tone of arteries, veins, capillaries,
- improves peripheral blood flow
- lowers myocardial oxygen demand,
- reduces the level of bad cholesterol in the blood,
- reduces the risk of myocardial infarction,
- fights varicose veins
- prevents vascular fragility,
- prevents stroke
- regulates the level of blood pressure.
Herbal remedies eliminates various intoxications, improves the functioning of the liver and intestines:
- stimulates the excretory and cleansing functions of the liver,
- promotes the elimination of bacterial toxins from the intestines,
- improves removal of salt deposits,
- removes free radicals, heavy metals, radionuclides.
Indications for use inside
Among the indications for the use of grass cuff poisoning, bowel disorders, diarrhea, gout, ascites. Anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and immunostimulating properties are relevant in therapy:
- rheumatoid arthritis.
Culture is good for the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). Can be used for therapy:
- gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer,
- gastritis with insufficient secretion,
Compresses and lotions with cuff preparations help speed recovery from the following ailments:
- sprains of joints
- boils, carbuncles,
- pus on the skin
- inflammation of the oral mucosa (stomatitis, gingivitis, periodontal disease),
- weeping eczema, psoriasis,
- purulent weeping wounds,
- trophic ulcers.
Actively used in cosmetology - to eliminate pigmentation, acne, pustular rash, scars. Compressions from cellulite, toning face masks are made from grass extracts.
You can drink a cuff not only for the treatment of existing ailments, but also for their prevention, as well as for improving immunity before the cold season, reducing the risk of recurrence of chronic diseases. Prepare drugs for the following recipes.
Features The drug can be used externally for the treatment of weeping wounds, eczema, boils and acne. Internal reception is appropriate for bleeding, coughing, to eliminate the inflammatory process that accompanies gout and rheumatoid arthritis.
Preparation and use
- Four teaspoons of chopped herbs poured a glass of boiling water.
- Put the mixture on a slow fire, bring to a boil, boil for five minutes.
- After complete cooling the broth is filtered.
- Apply externally in pure form or drink half a cup three times a day, sweetened the drug with sugar.
Features It is used to improve metabolism, as well as cough remedy for adults.
Preparation and use
- Chopped grass (5 g) is poured with a glass of dry red wine.
- After daily infusion, the mixture is filtered.
- Take three times a day for a tablespoon half an hour before meals.
Features Recommended for women to douche with heavy and painful menstruation, with thrush. It is used to heal wounds and ulcers. Internal reception normalizes intestinal motility, eliminates internal inflammation, is used to treat pulmonary diseases.
Preparation and use
- Three teaspoons of chopped herbs pour a cup of boiling water.
- After two hours of infusion, the mixture is filtered.
- Take half a cup four times a day before meals.
Features Brewed grass for the regulation of hormonal levels, the establishment of lactation, for a comprehensive cleansing of the body during detoxification procedures. Can be used in diabetes, for the prevention of its complications.
Preparation and use
- Two teaspoons of crushed cuff pour a cup of boiling water.
- After a ten-minute infusion filter.
- Take the entire cooked volume up to three times per day.
The use of the cuff during pregnancy is allowed only after 14 weeks due to the incomplete study of the composition of the herb and its effect on the fetus. Tea can be drunk just before and immediately after birth to speed up the appearance of milk.
In European countries, the plant is considered completely safe for children and the elderly.
Possible side effects include diarrhea. As a rule, the symptom disappears after stopping the drug or reducing its dosage. Contraindications include only individual intolerance, which occurs very rarely, but is detected after the first methods of the plant. In this case, urticaria appears.
Healing properties of the cuff ordinary
Among the many varieties of cuffs, in medicine, only the cuff is used. Previously, it was believed that the potion from the cuff is able to return youth.
Indeed, the cuff is ordinary promotes skin rejuvenation, but now there is a scientific explanation. The fact is that the cuff contains phytosterols that stimulate the production of hormones, neutralize toxins, strengthen the immune system, increase physical and mental activity.
Herbalists are advised to use the infusion of the cuff ordinary with bronchial asthma, tuberculosis lungs, when coughing, etc. Also, the infusion helps with diseases of the gall and bladder, biliary ducts of the liver, etc.
The herb has hemostatic properties, is effective in the treatment of gastric ulcer and intestinal ulcer, stop internal bleeding. For example, with hemorrhoids infusion cuff soaked tampons and applied externally.
Western European folk medicine recommends infusions of the herb cuff in pulmonary and uterine bleeding, cough, asthma, constipation, liver and kidney disease, bladder disease, gout and rheumatism, obesity and diabetes.
In Russia, herbalists have recommended an infusion of cuff grass for diarrhea, obesity, diabetes, skin diseases, as an expectorant for respiratory diseases, pulmonary tuberculosis, and anemia.
Infusion cuff ordinary doctors used for washes, lotions and compressesin case of eye and nose diseases. Water infusion of leaves cuff washed face with the appearance of acne.
Purulent skin diseases are treated with baths with the addition of herbal extract of the cuff. Infusion cuff helps with rickets in children, and is also useful for compresses with boils, inflammation of the eyes, with a cold and nosebleeds.
Women's diseases are also subject to a cuff ordinary. The cuff is used for inflammation, problems during pregnancy and childbirth. Also cuff facilitates the course of varicose veins.
Broth is prepared at the rate of 2 tbsp. l in a glass of water (250 ml). Herb cuffs poured boiling water and cook 5 minutes after boiling. Ready broth is slowly cooled to room temperature.
For internal use, the broth is used 3 times a day. Single dose - 50 ml.
Outwardly, itching and inflammation of the skin, eczema and acne are treated with a decoction, and the inside is taken for internal bleeding and lung diseases.
Procurement of medicinal raw materials and contraindications
If in Western medicine drugs from the cuff are common everywhere, in Russia the cuff is not used in official medicine. You can, at your own risk, prepare medicinal raw materials and prepare homemade medicines from it, especially since there are no contraindications for an ordinary cuff.
The grass is harvested in July, during flowering. All parts of the plant are suitable for harvesting.
The green mass should be well dried in the open air, in the shade, in the attic or in the pantry, the main thing is that the room has good ventilation. Properly dried grass cuff ordinary should keep green. Grass cuffs stored for 12 months.
I recommend before preparing and using drugs on the basis of the cuff ordinary to consult your doctor.
It is distributed throughout most of the European territory of Russia and Siberia, with the exception of the southernmost regions. It grows on dry meadows, forest edges, ravine slopes, river banks, cuttings, in deciduous-spruce and clarified deciduous forests. Usually on wet meadows, rocks, scree from forest to alpine belts, 1300-3100 m above sea level.
The roots contain tannins (7.2 11.3%), grass contains tannic (7.5–9.4%), and bitter substances, steroids, vitamin C (210 mg •%), phenol carboxylic acids, flavonoids, lipids. The leaves contain many vitamins, coumarins, tannins, flavonoids, leucoanthocyanidins are found, in flowers - flavonoids (1.0–2.0%), leukocyanidin (up to 1%). For medicinal purposes, use grass that is collected during flowering.
Raw materials contain steroids, vitamin C, phenol carbonic acids, lignin, tannins, flavonoids, palmitic, stearic and other unidentified fatty acids, coumarins and leucoanthocyanides.
Leaves and young shoots are used in food. In early spring you can cook soups, cabbage soup and cook salads. They are prepared for future use as a seasoning for the first and second courses. With proper drying, vitamins and other biologically active substances are well preserved. The leaves of the cuff can be salted with other vegetables and herbs.
The use of cuff ordinary in nutrition
Salad from leaves of a cuff ordinary
The young leaves of the cuff are finely chopped. Mix with finely chopped green onions, parsley and dill. Add cream and salt to taste. Cuff leaves - 100 g, green onions - 20, parsley -10, dill - 5, sour cream -20 g.
Salad of cuff leaves and radish
The young leaves of the cuff are finely chopped, mixed with sliced radish slices. Salt to taste, season with sour cream, sprinkle with dill. Cuff leaves - 100 g, radish - 60, sour cream - 20, dill -5 g.
Salad of cuff leaves and carrots
Wash the young leaves of the cuff ordinary, finely chopped. Mix with finely grated carrots, season with salt, sour cream. Sprinkle with finely notched dill. The leaves of the cuff ordinary -120 g, carrots - 60, sour cream - 20, dill -5 g
Soup from a cuff ordinary
Weak broth is seasoned with vegetables (carrots, onions, potatoes, cabbage, parsley, peas), after half-cooked, finely chopped young leaves and cuff shoots are added. 3-5 minutes are boiled under the lid. Served to the table with sour cream. Broth - 400 ml, carrots - 10 g, onion
10, potatoes - 30, cabbage - 20, parsley - 5, peas-10, cuff leaves and shoots - 60, sour cream - 10 g, salt, spices to taste.
The leaves of the cuff ordinary stewed with cabbage
The young leaves of the cuff are finely chopped, mixed with sauerkraut and chopped onion. Stewed under the lid until almost ready, for 12 - 15 minutes before the end of the quenching seasoned with a small amount of tomato juice, put salt and spices to taste. Stew on vegetable or butter. Cuff leaves 100 g, pickled cabbage -100, onion - 20 g, tomato juice - 50 ml, vegetable oil (butter) - 20 g.
Dried leaves of a cuff ordinary with dill
The leaves of the cuff are dried under an awning. They are kept in the form of powder mixed with the same amount of dry powder of dill greens. Store in a glass container under the lid.
Salty leaves of a cuff ordinary
Young leaves and sprouts cuff tightly stack enamel ware. Add leaves of currant, horseradish, horseradish roots and parsley, carrots, garlic cloves, pepper, bay leaf. Pour water, put salt at the rate of 1 tablespoon to 1 liter of water. Close the wooden circle (oak), put a yoke. After 2-3 weeks of aging in the cellar, the product is ready for use as a side dish for meat and fish, salads, vinaigrettes, solyanka.
Use in official and traditional medicine
For therapeutic purposes, all parts of the plant are used. Infusion, decoction, powder is used as an astringent, hemostatic, diuretic, wound healing agent, for epilepsy, obesity, enteritis, diabetes, dysmenorrhea, skin diseases (gives freshness to the skin of the face, clears acne). Juice or infusion of leaves is used externally for eye diseases, wounds, tumors, for douching with belyah, for washing the nose, and for bleeding. Used for diabetes, colds, tuberculosis, boils. In Abkhazia, used for asthenia.
Infusion of leaves and decoction of the roots are indicated for diarrhea, pulmonary inflammation, small intestine, kidney and bladder, dysentery, and diseases of the upper respiratory tract, bronchitis. Infusion washed the nose with a bad cold and nosebleeds. It is recommended for douching with whitewash, heavy menstruation and bleeding.
To prepare the infusion, 1 tablespoon of raw materials is poured with 1 cup of boiling water and left for 4 hours. Take 1 /3 — 1 /2 cup 3-4 times a day for 10 minutes before eating. For douching it is diluted with water 2 times. The volume of liquid must be at least 1.5 liters.
Apply the cuff in the treatment of wounds, boils and skin inflammation. To do this, the crushed leaves are boiled in a small amount of water, the slurry is placed on the damaged area and covered with a thick cloth or wax paper and bandaged.
Recipes for various diseases
Collection 1. Pour 3 tablespoons of grass 0.5 liters of grape wine, boil for 10 minutes, leave for a day, drain. Take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day after meals.
Collection 1. One tablespoon of crushed leaves is poured over 1.5 cups of boiling water, allowed to boil (in a water bath) for 15 minutes, cool for 45 minutes. Filter out. Take 1 tablespoon every 2 hours for diarrhea, stomach cramps, enterocolitis.
Collection 1. One tablespoon of crushed leaves is poured over 1.5 cups of boiling water, allowed to boil (in a water bath) for 15 minutes, cool for 45 minutes. Filter out. Outwardly used for washing the nose with a cold and bleeding.
Collection 1. Pour 4 teaspoons of dried leaves of the cuff with 1 cup boiling water, leave for 4 hours, drain. Take 1/2 cup 3 times a day.
Collection 1. Pour 3 tablespoons cuff 0.5 liters of boiling water, leave for 2 hours in a warm place, drain. Take 1/2 cup of infusion 4 times daily before meals.
Collection 1. Herb cuffs - 1 part, juniper fruits - 2 parts, flax seeds - 2 parts, blueberry leaf - 4 parts. 1 tablespoon of the mixture is poured with 1 cup of boiling water and boiled in a water bath for 15 minutes, then infused for 30 minutes, filtered. Take 1 glass 2- 3 times a day half an hour before meals.
Collection 2. A tablespoon of dry chopped herbs is poured with a glass of boiling water and boiled for 5 minutes. Filter and take 1/4 cup three times a day a day.
Bruises, wounds, cuts
Apply shredded cuff leaves to sore spots for quick healing.
Collection 2. A tablespoon of dry chopped grass cuff pour a glass of boiling water for 30 minutes. Filter is used in the form of lotions on wounds or when conjunctivitis