The adipose on the body (lipoma) is a benign tumor that is formed from the cells of adipose tissue. Single subcutaneous lipomas are most common, but there are also multiple growths of lipomas in the subcutaneous tissue and muscle fibers. Lipoma is a benign (with minimal risk of malignancy) disease with slow growth.
As it progresses, the wen increases in size and at the last stages begins to cause the patient some inconvenience, based on the localization of the tumor, and also when the disease becomes widespread, forming many adhesives on the body, limiting the mobility of the limbs and causing acute disorders of muscle activity and blood supply to the tissues.
With a significant increase in the tumor squeezes the surrounding tissues, blood vessels and nerve endings, causing the characteristic clinical symptoms in the form of swelling, pain, sensitivity disorders, etc. By localization of lipomas are divided into:
- Myolipoma (located deep in the muscles),
- Perineural (located near the nerve trunks),
- Adenolipomas (having glandular cells as a part), etc.
In 98% of cases, the wen form subcutaneously, less frequently intermuscular lipomas are recorded, which are located in deep soft tissues. Usually lipomas are single (94% of cases), less often multiple. With endocrine disorders, in patients with neurofibromatosis, as well as in women most often there are multiple lesions. Why do Wen appear?
Causes of Wen
The initial manifestations of the disease are painless small wenders on the body, the causes of which appear to be hereditary, as well as some provoking factor. Until now, there are no clear-cut exact reasons for their formation, most are just an assumption, a hypothesis. Among the factors contributing to the development of lipomas, there are:
- Injuries, tissue squeezing
- Diseases, including hereditary, associated with disorders of fat metabolism,
- Weakened immunity and insufficient intake of vitamins and protein in the body,
- Exposure to ionizing radiation
- Age over 40 years.
All of these factors can be considered as the causes of the wen under the skin, as well as any internal organs. The combination of one or several of them can aggravate the course of the disease, causing rapid progression and growth of the wen to large sizes. Nevertheless, hereditary predisposition still comes to the fore among the causes of Wen (lipomas).
Having a sick relative in the family significantly increases the risk of lipoma formation. Opinion of doctors about the effect of nutrition on the growth of lipomas is divided, some believe that the increased growth of lipomas is influenced by improper nutrition, obesity, others - that neither lifestyle nor nutrition does not affect the occurrence and progression of adipose tissue.
- A characteristic feature of a wen is when a person loses weight, the size of the lipoma does not change, sometimes even increases.
- The risk of lipoma degeneration into a malignant tumor exists, but it is not very high. With the growth of wen in connective and muscle tissue, the likelihood of transformation into cancer increases.
- Lipoma can become painful with growth and affecting nerve endings.
- The only method of prophylaxis is the annual control of a neoplasm on the skin, timely treatment to the surgeon.
Symptoms wen under the skin
What does a wen look like? At the initial stage of the disease is asymptomatic, causing discomfort and deterioration in the quality of life of the patient. As a rule, the patient does not attach importance to the fact that there are wen on his body and is not in a hurry to consult a doctor about this.
Externally, the lipoma is a limited tumor-like formation of a soft consistency, not welded to the surrounding tissues and skin. The skin over the wen are not changed and retain their normal color and elasticity.
Important! The presence of any neoplasm on the body, including the wen, is a contraindication to massage. The masseur simply avoids a single lipoma, in case of impossibility of circumventing the lipoma (with multiple adhesives on the body, under the skin), then one should refuse to massage this area or completely from the massage. This applies not only to classic massage, but also to canned, honey, stone massage. In addition, during physiotherapy courses, you should also inform the doctor about the presence of a wen under the skin.
The so-called atheromas, which are very similar to lipomas, are considered to be the wen, and only a specialist by indirect signs can precisely differentiate between them:
- Atheroma is formed in areas of the body where there is a large accumulation of sebaceous glands, and the lipoma is usually localized in places where subcutaneous fat is accumulated.
- The lipoma has no signs of blockage of the sebaceous gland (excretory duct), which is observed in atheroma.
- Both tumors are almost indistinguishable to the touch, but the lipoma is not fused to the surface of the skin and is a subcutaneous tumor, and atheroma is a part of the skin.
Lipomas can occur as single formations or as multiple lesions in a limited, small area of skin. A subcutaneous lipoma may be in the form of a node of limited shape, surrounded by a capsule. A less favorable course of lipoma is characterized by diffuse proliferation of adipose tissue, not limited to the capsule and occupying a large area. The size of lipomas ranges from one to five centimeters or more. Cases when the lipoma was more than 10 centimeters in size were described.
Tumors of large size during uncontrolled growth begin to form a characteristic clinical picture of the disease. The first clinical manifestation of a lipoma is a feeling of discomfort, heaviness in the tumor area. Under its own weight, the subcutaneous wen on the body can sag, causing swelling and stagnation of blood circulation in the affected area.
In general, lipomas do not pose a serious threat to health, as they are timely diagnosed and treated. The problem of lipoma is rather in the aesthetic area. The presence of a seal under the skin in open areas of the body causes significant discomfort for both the patient and others. But do not forget about the possible complications of the disease with inadequate treatment.
In the absence of treatment, prolonged edema leads to malnutrition of tissues, the formation of ulcers and, as a result, a limited focus of skin necrosis. At a late stage, it is an irreversible process, which is the cause of a number of infectious complications, including sepsis.
Diagnosis of Wen
If a lipoma is suspected, the volume of diagnostic tests is reduced to taking a biopsy of the tissue from the focus for histology.
If necessary, determine the size and boundaries of the lipoma, as well as in difficult-to-diagnose cases, an additional examination is appointed (ultrasound, X-ray, CT and MRI). As a rule, these methods are used to diagnose lipomas of internal organs, joints, muscles, etc.
Getting rid of the wen by folk methods is not just useless, but also extremely dangerous. Remove the capsule of the lipoma, and not the contents, otherwise the lipoma will constantly appear again. All methods of folk treatment with compresses, lotions only soften the upper layer of the skin, and inflammation and infection may occur. With self-treatment, a scar can form, and it is quite difficult for a non-professional to “pull out” the contents of a wen because it is difficult to determine the boundaries of a wen capsule.
How to get rid of the wen on the body - treatment of lipoma
The most common treatments for lipomas are:
- Puncture aspiration,
- Laser correction,
- The method of radio wave surgery.
Laser Removal of adipose gums on the body is an effective method widely used in practice in modern clinics of cosmetic surgery. The advantage of this method is speed, low probability of postoperative complications and the absence of a tissue defect at the site of lipoma removal.
The essence of the method lies in the directional effect of ultrashort wave radiation on the affected area under the control of the intensity and duration of exposure. Thus, layer-by-layer separation of pathological tissues in the focus without injury to surrounding healthy structures is provided.
The indication to remove a lipoma is a rapid growth, the occurrence of pain of a wen when it creates a cosmetic defect (a wen on the face, on the head), and also when it interferes with surrounding organs and tissues.
To get rid of a wen on the body, the second modern and high-tech method of treating lipomas is radio wave removal. In this case, the removal of the adipose is due to exposure to radio wave radiation, heating the fatty cells of the tumor. When heated to a high temperature, the lipoma cells are gradually separated from the skin and removed. This is a low-impact bloodless method that provides additional antiseptic effect on the area of operation.
Using puncture aspiration The method of removing lipoma involves the introduction of a special device into a wender with the subsequent suction of fat cells. The procedure is performed under the control of a microvideo endoscope and is shown with small sizes of lipomas. When using this method, subsequent recurrence of the disease is possible, since there is a high probability of preserving residues of pathological adipose tissue in the capsule of the aspirated lipoma.
Any of these methods is highly effective in treating lipomas. The decision on how to remove the wen on the body, must be taken together with your doctor, assessing all the benefits, possible complications and side effects of treatment.
How does it look and how is it dangerous
Adipose in the common people called subcutaneous neoplasm, which is a benign tumor of adipose tissue. The medical name for this type of tumor is lipoma.
It should be noted that the wen under the skin can not lead to oncology, no tendency to the formation of metastases and germination in other tissues of the lipoma was not detected.
Wen looks like a small seal under the skin, soft to the touch, with pressure can slightly change the localization.
The size of the lipoma is usually with a pea, in the future they increase in volume. White dyes under the eyes and on the eyelids are usually quite small, up to 2 mm.
The formation of lipomas occurs in those places where there is adipose tissue. The most common places of localization are:
Wen for a long time may not cause inconvenience and does not manifest itself. But you should not neglect the problem. The main danger of a lipoma is that it can grow to a large size and cause not only cosmetic discomfort, but also cause pain., edema (for example, if wen squeezes nerve endings or blood vessels).
There are several more dangerous consequences:
- Wen in the muscle fibers can lead to impaired muscle activity,
- the old wen can be the ideal breeding ground for pathogens,
- self-removal of the lipoma can lead to infection.
The exact causes of the appearance of lipoma, established in modern medical science, no.
According to the results of the research, biologists, genetics and physicians identify the following possible causes of the appearance of Wen:
- genetic predisposition
- disturbances in the metabolic process of adipose tissue, sebaceous glands,
- disorders of the digestive system,
- hormonal disruptions (disruption of the thyroid gland),
- diseases of the urinary system,
- weakened immunity, insufficient amount of vitamins,
- smoking, alcohol abuse,
- mechanical damage to various parts of the body, injury.
Medical scientists suggest that the likelihood of the appearance of adipose in humans is laid at the time of embryonic development, when the rudiments of adipose tissue enter the body, and if there are favorable conditions, they expand into a tumor.
Scientists also identify a number of factors that trigger disruptions in the functioning of adipose tissue cells:
- severe stress
- radioactive radiation
- maintaining a sedentary lifestyle,
- unhealthy food
Consider the main reasons for more detail.
Genetic (genetic predisposition)
Studies show that having a relative with this disease in the family significantly increases the chances of having lipomas in other family members.
Especially often the pathology is transmitted at the genetic level from parents to children, regardless of gender.
Fat cell metabolism failures
The opinion that wenders are formed only in obese people is wrong. Equally prone to the formation of lipomas and people who do not suffer from fullness. However, obesity and unhealthy diets can be additional contributing factors of the disease.
When disruptions occur in the process of fat metabolism, the growth of lipoproteins in the blood increases, which in turn leads to clogging of the intercellular space, plaque forms in the vessels and then there is an increase in fat deposits on the damaged areas.
Disorders in the digestive organs
With violations of the pancreas, liver, intestines failures in the work of the whole organism. Toxins accumulate, the blood is not supplied with the necessary amount of nutrients, there is a general weakening of the whole organism. All this contributes to the accumulation of toxins in the body, which clog the ducts of the sebaceous glands, resulting in the formation of Wen.
It is extremely important to timely diagnosis and treatment of this disease, which is a parasitic lesion of the skin. Owing to the disease, the sebaceous glands are clogged and wen may be formed.
Drawing conclusions from the above-described reasons for the appearance of Wen, it can be said that many of them are uncontrollable by man, that is, it is impossible to suggest specific measures for the prevention of the disease.
However, to reduce the likelihood of occurrence, you must adhere to the following rules:
- proper nutrition
- active lifestyle, sports,
- avoid injuries, hypothermia, burns,
- while reducing immunity, take vitamin complexes,
- eliminate self-removal of acne, blackheads and limes,
- If any neoplasms appear on the body, contact the specialist immediately.
There is also a hypothesis that the use of drugs - statins can reduce the concentration of fatty fractions in the blood and prevent the appearance of fat, or slow down their growth.
Before using the drugs, it is imperative that you consult a specialist.
With knowledge of the causes of Wen, you can determine whether you are at risk. Knowing your predisposition to this disease, it is important to adhere to the rules of a healthy lifestyle. If a lipoma has already formed, then you should not self-medicate, consult with a specialist, if necessary, it will help you get rid of unwanted education on the body.
What is a lipoma?
In common people it is also called a wen. And this is the most accurate definition of the disease. Lipoma is a benign lesion in places of fatty layers, similar to an elastic nodule. It does not cause much discomfort, although it increases in size.
However, there are cases when pathogenic flora begins to develop inside the lipoma, leading to more serious diseases. Therefore, the treatment of this disease should not be delayed. In addition, education has a non-aesthetic appearance and often spoils the appearance of a person.
Such a wen can appear absolutely anywhere - on the back, chest, shoulders, face, and mammary gland. It has clear edges, and its shape does not change when pressed.
Lipoma sometimes occurs on the internal organs, disrupting their normal operation. This phenomenon is more dangerous than cutaneous formations.
The internal composition of lipomas are divided into:
- Myolipoma - composed with muscle cells.
- Angiolipomas - contain blood vessels.
- Fibrolipomas are formed from connective tissue.
- Mixolipomas - contain mucus.
Only a doctor can diagnose the disease correctly. Therefore, do not postpone the visit to him. After all, a simple harmless compaction may not be a wen, but a malignant tumor.
Lipoma: causes of illness
To say exactly why the Wen appear is difficult. Most likely - due to impaired metabolism in the fatty layers. As a result, accumulation of fat cells occurs and their further proliferation.
If you ignore the disease, then soon such structures will become of enormous size and this will no longer be just a cosmetic problem.
Wen (lipomas) causes can occur as follows:
- Hormonal disruptions in the body.
- Disturbed metabolism.
- Wrong and unhealthy food.
- Diseases of the liver, kidneys.
- Genetic heredity.
- Malfunctions of the pancreas, thyroid, and gall bladder.
- Alcohol abuse.
- Breast augmentation surgery.
The reason for the formation of a lipoma can also be hidden in low physical activity, sedentary lifestyle.
Wen are equally common in adults and children. Timely diagnosis and treatment will save a person from possible complications.
The mechanism of the formation of lipomas
There are two main mechanisms for the formation of lipomas.
The first mechanism is the most recognized in the world and is confirmed by numerous studies in this area. It consists in the growth of a lipoma as a tumor. In other words, the fat cells that make up this formation are clones of a single cambial cell, from which the entire population subsequently emerges. The lobular structure of the majority of deep lipomas, as well as the detection of specialized mitotic cells (cellular) activity.
The second mechanism of the formation of lipomas is associated with a violation of the outflow of secretion of the sebaceous glands and, as a result, accumulation of adipose tissue in the expanded lumen of the gland itself. Such lipomas are often located superficially and do not have a lobular structure. Their most frequent localization in the places of accumulation of sebaceous glands, which also argues in favor of this mechanism.
Diagnosis of lipomas
Since the lipoma is almost the only painless soft tumor that grows subcutaneously and does not cause secondary changes, its diagnosis does not present much difficulty. Some indirect significance is the detection in the blood of large indicators of cholesterol, triacylglycerols, beta-lipoproteins and low-density lipoproteins. However, lipomas are quite common on the background of normal blood fat levels.
Instrumental studies in the diagnosis of these tumors are made only in the case of a clinical picture mixed with other more dangerous diseases. Often used ultrasound allows you to determine the structure of the formation, its exact size, depth and sometimes even communication with the surrounding tissues. When the lipoma is located under the capsule of the parenchymal organ using ultrasound, only measuring its size and determining the structure is available.
After determining the presence of tumor formation in the abdominal cavity, located next to the liver or kidneys, it becomes necessary to determine its nature. In the course of diagnosis, the rule of exclusion at the beginning of the most dangerous pathologies, such as malignant tumors, aortic aneurysms, parasitic cysts, etc., is always used. Thus, the lipoma of the abdominal organs is a diagnosis of exclusion.
In order to exclude hepatocarcinoma and renal cell carcinoma, tests are performed to determine the corresponding tumor markers. The exclusion of an echinococcal cyst is more complex technically and requires more expensive research, such as computed tomography (preferably combined with vascular contrast) and magnetic resonance imaging.
Computed tomography makes it possible to estimate the size of the tumor, its contents, the connection with the surrounding organs and even roughly estimate the density of the tumor and assume what substance it consists of. With vascular contrasting, it is possible to determine how vascularized the tumor is. One of the signs of tumor malignancy is a high concentration of blood vessels in it. Lipoma is a benign tumor and does not contain blood vessels, however, angiolipoma may contain them, which complicates the process of diagnosis.
Magnetic resonance imaging is the most accurate research that exists today. Its advantages include a clearer visualization of soft tissues, the ability to assess the response of regional lymph nodes, absolute harmlessness for the patient, etc.
Which doctor to contact?
When superficial hypodermic lipomas first need to contact an oncologist. In the absence of this specialist in the clinic, you can contact the surgeon for advice.
In deep lipomas, patients complain of pain in the projection of organs on which the tumor exerts pressure. Accordingly, in the first place, the patient should seek advice from the local doctor, general practitioner, gastrologist, hepatologist, nephrologist and surgeon.
Do I need a biopsy and a morphological study of the lipoma?
Do not confuse morphological study with a biopsy. A biopsy is a method of collecting suspicious tissues, and the morphological study is exclusively a laboratory procedure aimed at determining the type of cells present in the biopsy.
A morphological study of a tumor is indispensable, since it is the only method for accurately determining its nature. In tumor diagnosis protocols, morphological examination is the gold standard. However, more often it is performed after removal of the tumor with the aim of final confirmation of the diagnosis. If the tumor is benign, the treatment ends there. If a tumor is malignant, it is mandatory, based on its type, to undergo several courses of radiation therapy or chemotherapy to destroy the tumor cells remaining in the body.
The situation is different with biopsy. Among surgeons there are certain differences regarding the feasibility of performing this diagnostic procedure. Moreover, the reason for the disagreement lies not in the method of performing the procedure or the indications for it, but in organizing the coordination of the work of the laboratory and hospital. In other words, it is extremely important that no more than one day should pass from the moment of taking a biopsy to obtaining a result.
Biopsy involves the removal of a specific part of the tumor. After removal, there remains a small open wound into which tumor cells fall and are carried by the bloodstream throughout the body. If the tumor is benign, the spread of its cells does not cause any harm. If the tumor is malignant, then every hour more and more cancer cells spread through the body, increasing the likelihood of metastasis growth after surgical removal of the main focus. Therefore, in advanced clinics, a biopsy is performed immediately before the operation and its result is stated to the surgeon for several hours. Based on the result, the surgeon decides whether it is worth operating the patient and, if so, how large the volume of the operation should be. This scheme is the most correct in terms of the methodology of oncology.
In more remote hospitals, where biopsy specimens should be sent to large medical centers, the time to obtain results increases significantly and sometimes reaches 1 to 2 weeks. In such conditions, it does not make sense to wait for the result of the biopsy, since during this time it is almost guaranteed that the tumor will spread throughout the body and the patient will have no hope of recovery. It turns out that the biopsy performed before the operation does not make any sense. Thus, not being able to quickly determine the nature of the tumor, surgeons are forced to operate on patients “with a reserve,” that is, removing more tissue than the tumor itself, in order to minimize the number of residual cells. In addition, operating doctors remove regional lymph nodes, even if the latter show no signs of inflammation. Then the tumor itself or part of it is sent for histological examination, the results of which determine the tactics of further actions. This method is more traumatic for the patient, but its effectiveness is equal to the first.
When is surgery to remove lipoma?
Surgical removal of lipomas can be performed at the request of the patient, as well as relative and absolute indications. At the request of the patient, subcutaneous lipomas are often removed, causing a certain aesthetic defect. Relative indications for lipoma removal imply a certain dysfunction of one or another organ under the influence of a lipoma. Most often, this condition does not threaten the patient's life, but brings him certain inconveniences. Absolute readings suggest a direct threat to the life of the patient.
The relative indications for lipoma removal are:
- nerve compression and persistent pain caused by this
- localization under the capsule of the parenchymal organ,
- permanent tumor trauma,
- obstruction of the inflow or outflow of blood of a specific part of the body.
Absolute indications for lipoma removal are:
- intracranial lipoma, compressing the vital structures of the brain,
- the threat of rupture of the lipoma in the abdominal cavity or retroperitoneal space,
- lipoma, which prevents the circulation of cerebrospinal fluid,
- intracardiac lipoma with severe heart failure, arrhythmias or blockades.
Lipoma surgery technique
Surgery to remove surface lipomas is performed using both local and general anesthesia. The choice of the method of anesthesia is carried out depending on the location of the tumor, its size, associated diseases and the age of the patient. Within a few days before the operation, it is necessary to normalize the level of blood glucose, electrolytes, as well as normalize blood pressure. If the patient has a deficiency of certain blood components or coagulation factors, they are replenished.
Before the operation, a test for allergic tolerance of the anesthetic agent is performed. If the test is positive, the drug used should be changed or even the type of anesthesia should be revised. In addition, a single broad-spectrum antibiotic is taken to prevent postoperative complications. Shaving the surgical field is carried out without the use of soaps and shaving products, that is, on dry skin. This detail is extremely important because it prevents skin irritation after shaving, and skin irritation with the appearance of at least one abscess is a direct indication for the transfer of the operation.
By placing the patient on the operating table in a position where access to the lipoma will be possible from at least two sides, the surgical field is limited and processed alternately with alcohol and iodine solutions. At this time, the anesthesiologist conducts anesthesia. The first incision is made only after the quality of anesthesia is found to be satisfactory. Carried out layered dissection of tissues. In the vicinity of the capsule, they mostly work with the back, blunt side of the scalpel and clamps in order to preserve its integrity. As a rule, the lipoma capsule is easily separated and only in a few places is tightly welded to the surrounding tissues. After removal of the lipoma together with the capsule, the wound is treated with antiseptics and sutured in layers, keeping the topography of the tissues. Drainage is left in the wound, by which in the first few days after the operation the ichorism is separated. In the presence of signs of successful wound healing, drainage is removed. Stitches are removed at the end of the second week. Full rehabilitation occurs on average in a month.
Complications during the operation may occur when the capsule was initially deformed and the adipose tissue burst into the surrounding space. Over time, she infiltrated nearby muscles and tendons, surrounded vessels and nerves. At the opening of such a lipoma, visibility is severely limited, and the vessels, nerves, muscles, and tendons are tied together in one node through numerous adhesions. In such conditions, it is extremely simple to accidentally cross a nerve or blood vessel with the development of corresponding complications. In addition, even after perfect wound cleansing and complete removal of adipose tissue, there is a high likelihood that after a certain time a lipoma again forms at the same place. This is due to the fact that a small part of the cells was preserved between the fibers of the tendons and the muscles and resumed the growth of the tumor.
As can be seen from the pathogenesis of the disease, the development of lipomas is not always the result of abnormal actions of the person himself. A rather large percentage of these tumors develop due to genetic predisposition and cannot be arbitrarily controlled. However, proper nutrition and sufficient physical activity will definitely reduce the likelihood of this tumor formation, if no one had lipomas in the patient’s genus.
In addition, there is a group of drugs called statins, which is designed to reduce the concentration of fatty fractions in the blood and thus prevent complications of atherosclerosis. The most famous drugs in this group are simvastatin and atorvastatin. It is believed that they indirectly can prevent the formation of lipomas or slow down their growth, but there is no scientific evidence for this hypothesis. Independent use of these drugs can lead to irreversible metabolic disorders, so it is highly recommended to consult with your family doctor about the appropriateness of their use.
It is important to timely detect and cure such a parasitic skin disease as demodicosis, since it leads to blockage of the sebaceous glands and the development of adipose tissue. In periods of weakened immunity, it is recommended to take a variety of multivitamins.
Protecting the skin and glands located in it against various adverse factors, such as injuries, hypothermia, thermal and chemical burns, etc., have an important role. Skin hygiene is also important because it reduces the likelihood of boils from which lipomas can later form.
Symptoms of illness
Most often, wen appear in places where there is accumulation of fat. At first, they resemble a small soft seal, which can be felt independently. The seal grows slowly, however, if you ignore it, it reaches and even considerably exceeds the size of an apple!
Appeared seals on the skin are not accompanied by pain, in contrast to the wen on the internal organs. The main problem of cutaneous lipomas is an aesthetic look.
If the lipoma is formed on the internal organs, it disrupts their work. As a result, the patient has nausea, vomiting, headaches, increased pressure, lack of appetite, weight loss, discomfort at the sites of seals. In this case, the symptoms will directly depend on the affected organ.
The causes of lipomas, though not fully understood, should be alarming. A person must immediately respond to any seals and neoplasms on his body in order to avoid the development of cancer.
Given all the above symptoms, it is not so difficult to diagnose a lipoma. If a seal is felt under the skin that has boundaries, it is a wen. However, to dispel all doubts, you should visit a doctor. Such seals may also indicate inflammation of the lymph nodes or the formation of malignant tumors.
The specialist, in addition to visual inspection, will prescribe additional tests - ultrasound, CT scan, X-ray. In some cases, biopsies and cytology of lipomas can be performed. If the wen was formed in the mammary gland, the obligatory analysis is mammography. After all, the mammary gland is very susceptible to all kinds of benign and malignant seals.
Lipomas may have different causes, and the method of treatment is always the same - operative. Although adolescents are not life threatening, they require immediate surgical removal, especially internal ones.
Lipoma treatment methods
There are several ways to remove Wen:
- Surgical. The main radical method. Easy to use - a cut is made above the wen, after which it is removed. The advantages of this method are the absence of recurrence of the disease. Cons - remains a scar "in memory". Therefore, this method is rarely used to remove lipomas on the face, neck.
- Laser. Removal of lipomas by laser under local anesthesia. The scar after such a manipulation is almost imperceptible.
- Minimally invasive. Similar to the surgical method. The only difference is that cuts are made in minimal sizes. As a result, the scars are almost invisible.
- Liposuction Softening and “sucking out” the wen with a special needle. Scars and scars are left. However, there are chances of re-formation of limes.
A disease like “lipoma” can have very different reasons, and most importantly, not fully studied by medicine. But, like any disease, it is better to prevent the appearance of Wen, rather than cure.
Traditional methods of treatment of lipomas can be used as additional. The main recommendation is to lead a correct and healthy lifestyle. So, if there was a lipoma on the back, the reasons should be sought in difficult working conditions. Wen on the back are more likely to be loaders who put this part of the body under constant stress. Therefore, the main decision for them will be easier work.
A good remedy for the treatment of lipomas is lemon tincture with garlic. This balm cleans the vessels and clogged glands. Kombucha has a beneficial effect, which reduces cholesterol levels and removes toxins from the body.
Very often a lipoma appears on the arm, the causes of which may be hidden in the blockage of the sebaceous glands. In addition to decoctions and tinctures, compresses work well in these places.
- Compress of honey and alcohol (2: 1). The resulting mixture is rubbed into the seal several times a day.
- Compress of onions and soaps. Baked onions mixed with one tablespoon of soap, grated on a grater. Compress impose on the wen three to four times a day.
- And, of course, a compress from Kalanchoe. Apply sliced leaf slices to the lipoma, securing the compress with a bandage. Bandage change during the day.
Do not forget about proper nutrition. To minimize the use of alcohol and nicotine, as well as products with preservatives.
Lipoma - body fat under the skin, which in itself is not so scary. However, if we take into account that the cause of the lipoma can be different (including a metabolic disorder, and hormonal failure), then the treatment of this sore should be considered immediately.
There are cases when a simple and harmless wen grows into cancer. This happens when the lipoma is encapsulated, and pathological flora develops inside it. Education is ignored by the patient and is not treated, and as a result the diagnosis - “liposarcoma” - is a malignant tumor consisting of cells that can degenerate from fat deposits.
The fact that the wen inflamed, indicate:
- Redness, pain.
- Sharp increase in size.
- Filling the lipoma with fluid.
In such cases, you should immediately contact a specialist for further diagnosis and treatment. Remember, timely detection of cancer is 50% of successful treatment! It is even easier to make a radical removal of the lipoma and not to bring your body to malignant tumors.
Education of lipomas in children
Quite often, this disease occurs in small children. It does not constitute a danger if it does not grow in size and does not have suppurations. The main place where the lipoma appears is on the head. The causes of the disease are unclear. Therefore, the child must show a specialist and make the necessary tests to exclude malignant tumors.
The treatment of the disease is produced mainly by surgery. Do not self-medicate.
Other complex diseases are similar in symptoms to the lipoma:
- Lymphadenitis. This is an inflammation of the lymph nodes. It resembles small bumps, which are most often located behind the ears. The disease develops on the background of infectious processes in the body.
- Mumps or epidermal mumps. The disease is characterized by fever, chills and weakness. As well as the formation of cones due to inflammation of the salivary glands behind the ears. Mumps is dangerous because it causes serious health complications. Therefore, with the treatment of illness time is not worth it.
- A fistula is a pathological channel between the auricle and another organ (neck, throat). The disease is congenital. It does not bother the child, but it requires special attention, as it can cause inflammation.
- Cysts. Accompanied by the appearance of cones on the neck and head as a result of inflammation and suppuration in the cysts. These formations are a fetal defect that occurs in five percent of children. Treatment should be carried out promptly.
Anyway, any education on the body in children should be examined by a doctor. The specialist himself decides whether they are scary for the child or not. If necessary, prescribe treatment. In no case can not self-medicate. So you can only provoke a relapse of the disease.
Lipoma - fat formation under the skin, which for the time being has nothing to do with a malignant tumor. A common place for the emergence of Wen is the arms, legs, back. When a lipoma appears on the foot, the causes should be sought in hormonal disorders, as well as in the wrong lifestyle. Contaminated ecology, products with chemical additives and cholesterol are also the cause of Wen. The best prevention is proper nutrition and a mobile way of life.