24 week of pregnancy: the development of the fetus and the sensations of a woman

From the moment of pregnancy, the sixth month is coming to an end - the 24th week is his last week. The second trimester continues, which is called by many women one of the most peaceful and pleasant moments of pregnancy. There is still a decent amount of time before delivery, which can already be devoted to preparing for a meeting with a baby growing in the womb.

Fetus at 24 weeks gestation

By this time, the baby has already grown and has practically taken shape: the fetus at the 24th week of gestation looks almost like the mother sees it after birth. True, the little body of the baby is still rather thin: the baby is still accumulating fat reserves. But now the fetus already reaches about 600 g in weight, and its growth is about 30 cm. At the same time, at 24 weeks, the baby’s body begins to independently produce growth hormone - from that moment the fetus will actively grow and gain weight.

Practically all the organs and systems in the 24th week of pregnancy in the baby are formed, now they are improving more and more. The respiratory system finishes its formation: the bronchial tree is fully formed, the lungs are covered with a special substance, sufrakant, which in the future will prevent drying and closing of the capillary sacs during inhalation.

The fetus at the 24th week of pregnancy can boast of well-functioning work of the sweat and sebaceous glands. And also - grooves formed on the brain and convolutions.

Together with the improvement of the brain, the sense organs of the baby and its reflexes are also improved. The baby can already hear, squinting at a bright light, distinguishes the taste of the amniotic fluid, experiences emotions that are transmitted to him from the mother. Despite the fact that the fetus at 24 weeks is already quite large and there is less and less space for him in his mother’s tummy, he is still interested in the world around him: he pushes his hands and legs into the walls of the uterus, tumbles in the amniotic fluid, grabs umbilical cord and feels it with handles.

Interestingly, at this stage, the baby has already developed a sleep and wakefulness mode; moreover, some scientists claim that the fetus at the 24th week of pregnancy already has dreams! Of course, most of the time the baby is in a state of sleep, which, like in adults, is divided into two phases - fast and slow.

And when not sleeping, the baby is more and more sensitive to the outside world and responds to the emotions experienced by the mother. So, in response to a loud sound, the baby shudders. Also reacts to the mummy's scare - begins to move restlessly, and these mommy feels the movement sufficiently.

So, as the baby grows, his movements become more distinct, not only because the baby reacts to the sounds and light around him, but also due to a decrease in his place in the uterus. He still has the opportunity to roll over and tumble, which he actively uses, letting mom know about herself.

Feelings at the 24th week of pregnancy are more and more pleasant - the woman feels quite already practically held by her mother, full of joy and impatience of meeting her baby. However, just now weight gain can affect: in addition to the pleasant sensations experienced, problems with the bladder, digestion and bowel movements, headaches, heaviness and fatigue in the legs are possible.

The predominant amount of sensations that the future mom is experiencing at this stage (and, indeed, during the entire pregnancy) is associated with the growth of the baby, and, accordingly, an increase in the uterus. Thus, the uterus at 24 weeks of pregnancy undergoes subsequent changes, increasing more and more in size: the bottom of the uterus is now determined at the level of the navel. The cervical canal is parallelly filled with a thick mucous plug, which will disappear just before the birth.

The uterus at 24 weeks of gestation can already irregularly and practically painlessly contract. These are the so-called Braxton-Hicks contractions, or false contractions, by means of which the uterus “trains” to contract and relax, which is needed during childbirth. False contractions, if they do, then periodically, from time to time, are not accompanied by any kind of severe pain. If the uterus at 24 weeks of pregnancy begins to contract regularly, and contractions are accompanied by pain and, especially, abundant watery discharge, an ambulance should be urgently called: such symptoms indicate the onset of preterm labor.

In parallel with the growth of the uterus, the abdomen of a pregnant woman also increases. The belly at the 24th week of pregnancy is already noticeably round and has risen, the pregnancy is becoming more and more noticeable. With an increase in the abdomen, the skin on it stretches, vessels appear through the abdomen. In connection with the tension of the skin, the stomach usually begins to itch, arched stripes appear on the skin - stretch marks, or according to the scientific “stretch marks”. After the birth of a baby with stretch marks it is very and very difficult to fight, it is much easier to prevent their formation. To do this, today there are many different means of stretch marks for pregnant women, which can be easily purchased at a pharmacy or a specialized store. It is advisable to use creams or gels regularly - 1-2 times a day, after a shower, rubbing them with massage movements into the skin of not only the abdomen, but also the breasts and thighs.

Pain in the 24th week of pregnancy

By the end of the sixth month, major changes had occurred in the woman’s body due to the gradual growth of the baby. The organism is maximally adapted to carrying a baby, and gives all of its strength to the preservation of the growing little life. Against this background, a woman often experiences some discomfort - certain pains during the 24th week of pregnancy.

The most "popular" moms call pain in the 24th week of pregnancy in the lower back and back. This is a result of the increasing abdomen, the displacement of the center of gravity and the softening of the supporting ligaments. It is possible and necessary to avoid pain in the lower back and back - even before pregnancy, strengthening the muscles of the back, and even during gestation of the baby, resorting to gymnastics exercises for pregnant women. Pain in the 24th week of pregnancy, deployed in the lumbar region and in the back, indicate ambiguously: heels should be abandoned as soon as possible.

What happens in the 24th week of pregnancy

24 weeks of pregnancy is the first week of the sixth obstetric month, and the end of the fifth calendar month of pregnancy, the second trimester of pregnancy. In this period it is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle and adhere to the daily regimen, since your well-being and the general condition and well-being of the fetus depend on it. Due to the saturation of the mother’s blood with oxygen, an active development of the nervous system and lung tissue occurs. Gradually, body weight increases and you need to rest more often, so as not to feel heaviness in the legs and fatigue. To prevent changes in the veins and swelling of the legs, often raise them to elevation, control weight gain and the amount of fluid you drink.

Your stomach has become noticeably bulging, due to raising the bottom of the uterus it becomes harder to breathe, problems with digestion and discomfort - heartburn, constipation, cramps, swelling, etc. The uterus is actively preparing for early childbirth, and Braxton-Higgs false contractions may occur. They are not dangerous, painless, irregular and gradually prepare the uterus for further real contractions. If false contractions cause discomfort - you should lie down to relax and listen carefully to the body. If contractions are regular, painful, or bloody discharge from the vagina occurs, call an ambulance immediately.

In this period, fatigue can gradually join, so you need to take rest breaks more often. If possible, you need to sleep during the day. In this period, the exchange in the body of glucose changes, it is actively spent on the needs of the child and the mother, so it is important to control the blood glucose level. If glucose is elevated in the blood and appears in the urine - this may be a precursor of diabetes mellitus in pregnant women, it is worth to be examined by an endocrinologist and correct the diet. Gestational diabetes increases the risk of complications during childbirth, can lead to overweight in the baby, reduction of pressure and serious condition at birth.

Due to the active growth of the child, it becomes less space in the uterus, the skin on the abdomen is stretched, it may appear itchy and peeling, dryness and stretch marks (stretch marks). Blood vessels may be clearly visible on the skin of the abdomen. The uterus can squeeze the bladder and kidneys, which gives frequent urination and can provoke inflammatory processes with a predisposition to them.

Due to a change in the center of gravity, there is a change in the load on the body, which can manifest itself in pains in the back and lumbar region, gymnastics and fitness, yoga, wearing a special bandage, comfortable shoes without a heel can help in alleviating the condition. Also, due to the deficiency of calcium and magnesium, leg cramps can occur, which can be very painful. To prevent them, you need frequent rest for the legs, cool foot baths, taking calcium and magnesium preparations, massage of the calves and giving the legs an elevated position.

Fetal development in the twenty-fourth week: weight size and sex

In the period of 24 weeks of pregnancy, the baby grows up to 30 cm and gains about 600 g of weight. In the uterus, he is already cramped, although he can still move quite actively and change body position several times a day, although somersaults will not work. The fruit is active and its movements are becoming stronger and more confident. During the period of wakefulness, the child makes itself felt with active movements, his movements are clearly felt by both the mother and those around him - if you put your hands on your stomach or watch him. The child may hiccup or cough, it feels like a rhythmic contraction in the stomach. The child developed the rhythms of sleep and wakefulness, most of the time he sleeps and dreams, and during periods of wakefulness, he actively moves.

The organs and tissues of the child are improved, all organs and systems are actively involved in the work, the baby even makes "breathing" movements, filling the lungs with amniotic fluid and "exhaling" them back. A bronchial tree has already formed, and from this period the inner surfaces of the lungs will gradually begin to be covered with a special film — a surfactant that will not let the lungs dry out from the inside and stick together on the exhale. From this period, the sebaceous and sweat glands, releasing the original lubricant, gradually come into operation.

The brain is actively being improved - gyrus, grooves and cortical centers with neural connections are created in it. This makes it possible to improve reflexes and sense organs. The child can now see and hear, distinguish between tastes and touches. He is already showing the first emotions and need to communicate with the baby, both mom and dad. The child has acquired its own characteristic features, and now it will already look almost like at birth, only a little fat will accumulate in the area of ​​the cheeks. No less active, it will accumulate brown fat in body cavities and under the skin, this fat gives a high level of thermal energy and helps in the first days of a baby’s life to maintain its energy metabolism and body temperature. Due to the growth hormone, the child is actively growing and gaining weight.

Introduction

The main sign of growth and development of the baby is the increasing tummy of the future mom from day to day. Posture and gait begin to change as a result of the fact that the body tries to evenly distribute the increased mass. This causes pain in the lumbar spine due to a strong strain on the spine.

Those women who neglected an active lifestyle, begin to complain about the constant algia in the lower back, which is increasing every week due to weight gain. To avoid this problem and eliminate the appearance of stretch marks, you should wear a prenatal bandage and perform special exercises for women in position.

What's happening?

Now your body adapts to the needs of the baby, because the main thing is that the baby should be comfortable to grow and develop. You need to think carefully about your diet, since the baby takes all the necessary substances for himself. Your tummy has grown so much that the center of gravity is gradually shifting. You may experience increased strain on the spine, painful sensations. If you exercise before the pregnancy, your body adapts more easily. If not - it's time to start doing suitable workouts: you can attend yoga for pregnant women, a swimming pool, and special gymnastics courses.

The abdomen increases in volume, and in women with thin skin reddish stripes can already appear - stretch marks. Most often they appear on the abdomen, thighs, chest. It is time to start using a means of stretch marks. The skin will become more elastic, and even if the stretch marks appear, then with proper care they will be less noticeable and decrease faster.

It is time to think about where you will give birth, who will be with you during childbirth. A loved one helps a lot during this difficult period. Not necessarily a partner in childbirth should be a spouse, but most dads want to take an active part in bringing a baby into the world. And, of course, only the spouse will really help to cope with difficulties and make the experience of the birth of a baby positive.

Feelings Mom

Most future moms say that the second trimester of pregnancy is the most pleasant. The toxemia of the first months is already behind, the tummy has already increased, but it still does not cause mothers any trouble. Psychological contact is already being established with the baby, and you understand him well. This is the time when you fully enjoy a unique period of your life - carrying a baby.

In the 24th week of pregnancy, fetal development is very active, it has already grown, and an enlarged tummy can cause unpleasant and sometimes painful sensations in the back. Back pain is very common in the last months of pregnancy, and now you should make every effort to ease your well-being in the future. Be sure to wear a bandage, it will help reduce the load on the lumbar spine, support the stomach, moreover, the skin of the abdomen stretches less, less often there is itching, stretching. Be sure to attend sports groups for pregnant women - you need to strengthen your back muscles well. Swimming gives a very good effect - along with active training of the back muscles, the press your body relaxes and rests.

You still need to monitor your weight, because the normal weight of the mother and baby during childbirth significantly reduces the risk of complications. Normally, your weight in the 24th week of pregnancy should increase by no more than eight kilograms. If this figure is more, it is important to figure out whether it is not due to swelling or that weight is gaining. If you notice that a noticeable band remains on the socks after the socks, and when pressing down, there is a dimple in the bones of the lower leg, you should consult a doctor - he will advise what to do to prevent edema.

Twenty-four weeks of pregnancy with twins is accompanied by an increased load on the mother's body, because the total weight of babies is much higher than during singleton pregnancy. If you can, you should go on maternity leave earlier, because with multiple pregnancies, the risk of complications is much higher.

Stomach in the 24th week of pregnancy

Your tummy has already increased significantly, because the uterus is already 24 centimeters above the pubic symphysis. You may periodically experience epigastric discomfort due to the fact that the uterus squeezes the internal organs, lifts them, but overall, the state of health is good. If you are still working, try to take breaks and warm up more often, so that the stomach does not squeeze the blood vessels and the baby gets enough oxygen and nutrients. In addition, as you will feel much better and less tired.

Stirring on the 24th week of pregnancy

The kid is quite strong, and his movements have become stronger. He still sleeps a lot, but his mother feels active movements several times a day. At this time, the baby can already strongly push the legs into the front wall of the tummy, and with a hand, you can feel it. Periods of activity of the baby can fall at night, but usually the mother knows well what the baby wants. Perhaps he was hungry, then you should have a little snack, baby calm down, and you will sleep well together.

The baby now has enough space in the uterus, and he can completely roll over, so his position may change.

Proper nutrition

The baby is actively growing, and he needs to get all the nutrients. Therefore, your diet should be rich in vegetable proteins, animals (lean meat, dairy products), vegetables, fruits. Be sure to eat cereals, whole grain bread, nuts. Your baby is developing an immune system, and you should already exclude allergen-related products from the menu. This is especially true of those moms who themselves suffer from allergies (no matter food or not) and whose husbands are prone to allergic reactions.

Discharge in the 24th week

Allocations at this time should be not rich, light. Attention should be paid to the change in color and consistency of discharge, as infections are dangerous for the baby. Very often, women suffer infectious diseases in a hidden form, and if the nature of the discharge has changed, you need a doctor’s consultation.

Necessary research

During this period, you need to visit the antenatal clinic on a monthly basis, and usually the visit falls on this week. You will be assigned standard tests: complete blood count, urine. Also, obstetricians pay special attention to blood sugar control, since about two percent of pregnant women have an impaired glucose exchange.

If your pregnancy is proceeding normally, you will not be given an ultrasound scan at the 24th week of pregnancy. By this date, the second screening study you probably already did.

I was a little late for a scheduled ultrasound scan, I did this week, and they wrote to me that the baby was in pelvic presentation. Now I have 24 weeks of pregnancy. The position of the fetus can still change?

Of course. And not only can, but surely it will happen. Now the baby has already grown enough for active movements, and there is still a lot of space in the uterus, and it can easily roll over, more than once. So you should not worry - by the time of birth the position of your baby may change.

What happens to the baby

By the 24th week of pregnancy, the child finally sets the sleep and wakefulness mode: 18–20 hours for sleep, 4–6 hours for various activities. During sleep, the baby calms down, and during waking periods it actively moves in the uterine cavity and pushes.

In size the baby looks like ear of corn: weighs about 733 g and reaches a length of 31.2 cm

Fluff hair covering the body of the child, becoming darker due to the fact that they form a pigment.

By the 24th week of pregnancy, the organ of hearing and the brain are so developed that the baby can already determine pleasant and unpleasant sounds for him. If the sound is not pleasant, then it starts to move more actively or, on the contrary, it stops for a while. When the sounds are pleasant, the crumb moves smoothly in the amniotic fluid, periodically pushing the mother. Now he distinguishes not only the voice of the mother, but also the surrounding sounds.

In the alveoli of the lungs (small bubbles at the ends of the bronchi) is formed surfactant. This substance covers them from the inside and prevents them from sticking together during breathing. But there is still too little surfactant, so a child born at 24 weeks cannot breathe on its own.

This week between the future mom and baby is set emotional connection. For example, if a pregnant woman longs, feels fear or fear, then the baby experiences the same feelings. At the same time he stops or moves restlessly. This relationship is due to the fact that the mother's body produces stress hormones. They through the placenta get to the crumbs and can have an impact on his already fully formed brain, causing these or other sensations.

What happens to the future mother: sensations

This week most pregnant women feel great. A blush appears on the cheeks due to blood flow to the skin of the face.

By the 24th week of pregnancy, the bottom uterus reaches the level of the navel, and the tummy is clearly visible. The cervix begins to fill with a mucus plug, which departs shortly before delivery. From this period, the pregnant woman feels the uterine contractions, which are called false fights or Braxton-Gix training bouts. With the help of these contractions - contracting and relaxing muscles - the uterus is prepared for childbirth. Training bouts occur from time to time, they are not regular and are not accompanied by severe pain. A woman may feel tremors and contractions of the uterus, but they do not bring discomfort. However, if uterine contractions begin regularly at the same interval and are accompanied by pain or watery discharge, this is a signal of preterm labor, and an ambulance must be urgently called.

Stomach. With the growth of the uterus, the future mother's belly increases. For a period of 24 weeks, the stomach rises and is already quite rounded, which is clearly noticeable to others. As the abdomen grows, the skin begins to stretch, and stretch marks can form - small white strips (striae), with strong stretchings, their color can reach purple. Due to stretching the skin of the abdomen may begin to itch. And therefore, even before the appearance of stretch marks, in order to prevent, you should start using special means. Also, the skin of the abdomen can become more thin, that vessels are visible.

Pains. The organism of the future mother has already maximally adapted to the new state, and the main task is still the preservation of pregnancy. In the 24th week of pregnancy, mothers are most often persecuted. low back pain and back. Their appearance is associated with a shift in the center of gravity and a sprain. To avoid pain, you must:

  • before pregnancy begin to strengthen the muscles of the back through exercise
  • with the onset of pregnancy perform gymnastics for pregnant women, which will strengthen the back and spine
  • give up shoes with a heel
  • after a long walk, let your feet rest - put a cushion or a pillow under your feet.

Normally, there should be no other pains at this time, but if they still appear crampingaching pain in the abdomen, it is necessary to call an ambulance to avoid premature birth.

Allotment. With the appearance of watery discharge, it is possible with a yellowish tint and regular uterine contractions require an urgent emergency call, in such a situation it is practically impossible to extend the pregnancy at this time. Leaking amniotic fluid is possible from time to time or regularly in small portions. This happens when the fetal membrane is infected, and urgent specialist consultation is necessary to further resolve the situation. The appearance of bleeding even in small quantities may indicate detachment of the placenta. Purulent, mucous, with a tinge of green and yellow colors, cheesy discharge appear in the presence of infection in a pregnant woman. Normally, there can only be light discharge without foreign impurities and unpleasant odors.

Weight gain by the end of the 24th week of pregnancy is 6–8 kg by weight before pregnancy. Now every week the weight of the future mother will increase by 300-400 grams. To control the weight gain, it is recommended to weigh in once a week. It is better to do this in the morning, before breakfast, on the same scales. You should visit the toilet before weighing. It is better to record the obtained data: they will help the doctor to identify whether there are any deviations from the normal course of pregnancy.

If you have added more than 8 kg, you should contact your obstetrician-gynecologist. One of the causes of overweight can be preeclampsia, which complicates the course of pregnancy.

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Medical examination

  • Consultation with an obstetrician-gynecologist is needed if the future mother is worried about something.
  • at this stage, routine tests are performed and, if indicated, if there is suspicion of developing a disease in a pregnant woman or deterioration of her well-being.

Mandatory analyzes will be:

  • complete blood count, where hemoglobin and sugar levels are important, especially in pregnant women with diabetes mellitus or at risk of it.
  • biochemical blood test, which is important in blood clotting, hormone levels, etc.
  • urinalysis to detect inflammation in the urogenital system. For pregnant women with a negative Rh factor, each visit is given blood for antibody titers in order to prevent the Rh-conflict between the mother and the child.

  • Usually, an ultrasound scan is not prescribed for week 24, since it was performed from week 17-22. But if assigned, then for some reason for a pregnant woman or for monitoring indicators - this may be a suspicion of detachment of the placenta and malformations, including chromosomal abnormalities. In this case, all indicators of the fetus will be checked with the norms in the table of relative indicators. Also, a woman will face an ultrasound if, for whatever reason, she is registered later than the deadline.

Carrying difficulties

These complications can be a threat in the 24th week of pregnancy:

Placental abruption. Pain in the abdomen, back, along with the intimate bleeding that has opened, can be signs of placental abruption. However, with timely referral to doctors, proper treatment, it is possible to keep the pregnancy and bring the baby even with a large area of ​​detachment.

Primary placental insufficiency. If the placenta does not fully perform its function of providing the child with oxygen and nutrients, it impairs his growth and development. Requires mandatory treatment and further observation by a doctor.

Cervical insufficiency. This is the name of the pathology of gestation, in which the cervix opens prematurely, and this is dangerous due to the occurrence of a miscarriage. Requires mandatory treatment and further observation by a doctor.

TORCH infections - The term is derived from the first letters of diseases such as TOxoplasma (toxoplasmosis), Rubella (rubella), Cytomegalovirus (cytomegalovirus), Herpes (herpes). These infections are dangerous when they are first infected during pregnancy, as they can lead to fetal malformations and miscarriage. Are indications for abortion. Hygiene and prevention measures, including routine vaccination six months before the conception of a child, will help reduce the risk of infection.

Possible abnormalities

  • hypertonus of the uterus,
  • pregnant diabetes,
  • phlebeurysm.

Future mother note: what can and can not

What is possible for the future mother:

  • go for a massage (prenatal),
  • attend special programs for pregnant women,
  • walk a lot in the fresh air (especially before bedtime),
  • sleep more (best on the right side)
  • take warm baths
  • perform Kegel exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles and reduce urinary control,
  • having sex (in the absence of contraindications, pain and pathological secretions intimate intimacy at week 24 is allowed. However, you should choose postures that do not exert pressure on the uterus),

What is NOT possible for the future mother:

  • keep bad habits
  • take any drugs (drugs and dietary supplements) without a doctor's approval,
  • make an x-ray of the chest (including fluorography) and the abdomen,
  • sleep on the stomach and on the back (this impairs the baby’s blood supply),
  • take hot baths
  • paint hair, eyebrows, eyelashes (the procedure can cause toxic substances in the body of the mother and her baby),
  • make tattoos, permanent make-up (the procedure can cause toxic substances into the body of the mother and her baby, dangerous viruses such as HIV, hepatitis,
  • carry weights,
  • be nervous
  • drink coffee (especially those with high blood pressure),
  • constantly contact with household chemicals.

The need for vitamins and microelements

Throughout the pregnancy, expectant mothers need proper nutrition. It is important to approve prenatal vitamins and minerals in order to provide the baby and mother with all the necessary nutrients, since it is almost impossible to get them from food.

Vitamin B9 (folic acid). One of the main vitamins for future mothers. It is necessary for the formation of the nervous system and DNA of cells, blood formation, metabolism, maturation of the placenta and in general for the full development of the child. Required for the prevention of iron deficiency anemia, improving blood clotting and immunity in the expectant mother. Where to looking for? Beef liver, cod liver, parsley leaves, spinach, lettuce, green onions, asparagus, cabbage, legumes, fresh green peas, cereals, wholemeal products, yeast, cottage cheese, cheese, nuts, pumpkin seeds and sunflower.

Vitamins of group B (B1 – B12). Responsible for the normal development of the child, the metabolic processes between mother and child, the absorption of nutrients, as well as in general for protection against environmental aggression and the well-being of a pregnant woman. Besides, vitamin b1 (thiamine) necessary for the prevention of low blood pressure (hypotension), vitamin B2 (riboflavin) important for liver function, vitamin B3 (vitamin PP, nicotinic acid) participates in maintaining the normal level of cholesterol, Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) It has a beneficial effect on the work of the adrenal and thyroid glands of a woman and a future baby, vitamin b6 (pyridoxine) affects the growth of the brain crumbs, vitamin b7 (biotin) responsible for the condition of the skin, hair, nails, vitamin b12 (cyanocobalamin) necessary for the absorption of folic acid. Where to looking for? Cereals, wholemeal flour, yeast, bran, germinated grains, legumes, nuts, greens (arugula, chard, onion, watercress, spinach, green lettuce, dill, parsley, basil,), vegetables (beetroot, carrot, cabbage, potatoes, tomatoes), dairy products (milk, cheese), meat and offal, eggs, fish and seafood, fruits and berries (strawberries, cherries, apricots, wild rose, citrus).

Vitamin A (retinol). It is necessary for the functioning of the placenta, the formation of the skeleton, the organs and tissues of the child, the prevention of a decrease in visual acuity in the expectant mother. Participates in metabolism and blood formation, activates cellular immunity. Where to looking for?Cod liver, beef liver, eel, butter, cream, cottage cheese, cheese, egg (yolk), Bulgarian pepper, pumpkin, cabbage, carrots, spinach, celery, cress, sorrel, dill, parsley, green onions, wild rose, black currant, sea buckthorn, red rowan, apricots, dried fruits (dried apricots, apricots).

Vitamin E (tocopherol). It is necessary for the metabolism and synthesis of hormones in the body of the future mother, for the intrauterine development of the baby. It contributes to the prevention of miscarriage, prevention of blood clots, prevents inflammatory processes. Where to looking for?Unrefined vegetable oils, cereals, bran, germinated grains, nuts, seeds, tomatoes, lettuce, fresh peas, spinach, parsley, rosehip, meat, eggs, beef liver, milk.

Vitamin C (ascorbic acid). Strengthens the immunity of the future mother, relieves inflammation, helps prevent anemia, varicose veins, gum disease, is important for the ability to bear a child. Removes toxins from a woman’s body, reduces the risk of stretch marks. It tones the blood vessels of the placenta, minimizing the risk of its detachment, improves the flow of oxygen to the baby. Where to looking for? Bulgarian pepper, cabbage (Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, broccoli), potatoes, dried porcini mushrooms, tomatoes, sorrel, eggplants, green peas, parsley, radishes, spring onions, dill, watercress, dogrose, currants (any: black, red, white), cranberries, mountain ash, sea buckthorn, strawberries, kiwi, melon, citrus fruits, apricots, peaches, apples, seaweed, beef liver and kidneys, pork liver, goat milk, koumiss.

Vitamin D (calciferol). It is necessary for the absorption of calcium and phosphorus, is involved in the formation of bones and teeth, helps prevent rickets and skin diseases. Strengthens the immune system, improves the thyroid gland, the cardiovascular system of the mother and child. Where to looking for? Fish oil, cod liver, herring, chum salmon, mackerel, pink salmon and other fish, liver, eggs, mushrooms (especially chanterelles), milk, butter (especially ghee), cottage cheese, cheese, spinach, parsley.

Iodine. It is important for the functioning of the thyroid gland of a pregnant woman, for the mental and physical development of the child. Where to looking for? Sea fish, cod liver, seaweed, iodized salt.

Phosphorus. Participates in the formation of bone tissue along with calcium, is necessary for metabolism, protein synthesis, energy production, muscle activity. Included in the DNA and RNA. Where to looking for? Fish, seafood, beef, cheese, cottage cheese, cereals.

Zinc. It is necessary for normal functioning of the immune system, metabolism, cell growth, lymph functioning, brain activity, and reproductive health. Where to looking for?Seafood, beef, lamb, chicken, pork, nuts, pumpkin and sunflower seeds, spinach, chocolate.

Magnesium. It is important for normal functioning of the cardiovascular and endocrine systems, the metabolism of the mother and the child, prevents DNA and RNA mutations, strengthens the nervous system, and participates in the formation of bone tissue. Where to looking for? Drinking water, nuts, pumpkin and sunflower seeds, sesame, bran, groats, seaweed, dogrose, dates, watermelon, dried fruits, blackberries, raspberries, strawberries, spinach, green lettuce, chard, parsley, green onions, celery, green peas , hard cheese, rye bread, whole-grain flour products.

Calcium. It is necessary for the formation of bones and teeth of the baby, the development of its nervous and cardiovascular systems, the prevention of osteoporosis, problems with the teeth, hair and nails of the expectant mother. It improves blood clotting, reduces the severity of toxicosis, helps to maintain normal cholesterol levels. It also helps the absorption and absorption of iron. Where to looking for? Cabbage, garlic, celery, parsley, dairy and dairy products, gooseberries, black currants, strawberries, cherries.

Fitness for expectant mothers

If, before pregnancy, a woman was actively involved in sports, then during the waiting period for a baby, physical activity can be maintained, naturally, taking into account the correction of the load and its content. Experts consider swimming, yoga, various prenatal complexes and programs to be the perfect way to keep yourself in shape.

Especially helpful walking (and even more useful to combine it with a walk in the fresh air). You can give a slight complication: for example, climb and descend the stairs (if there are no contraindications in the form of asthma, joint diseases, high blood pressure and hypertonia of the uterus). However, in order to avoid injuries, it makes sense to adhere to the safety regulations, look under your feet, arrange small respites, control breathing (inhale through the nose, exhale through the mouth). And, the longer the period of pregnancy, use compression underwear, if the ascents and descents on the stairs are included in your daily ritual. And, of course, you should not set Olympic records!

Malaise during pregnancy

Acute respiratory infections (ARVI, ORZ). Reception of many drugs to pregnant women is prohibited, therefore, rinsing of the throat and nasal cavity with saline solution, abundant drinking, decoctions of herbs are recommended. And of course, no self-treatment - at the first symptoms of the disease you should consult a doctor.

Diabetes pregnant - an increase in blood sugar can cause the so-called gestational diabetes. Fortunately, with the right approach during pregnancy, it is not a threat to mother and baby. Although it can provoke a significant increase in body weight of both the woman and her child. However, if you control weight, go to a healthy diet and increase physical activity, these risks can be avoided. If you have a strong need for water, hunger, nausea, blurred vision, and often go to the toilet, immediately notify your doctor watching your pregnancy.

Thrush. Candidiasis (thrush) is a fungal disease, triggered by a change in hormonal levels, by overcooling of the expectant mother. It appears cheesy vaginal discharge with an unpleasant sour odor, sometimes itching, burning in the lower abdomen. Amenable to treatment, safe for the baby. However, untreated thrush worsens during pregnancy and can infect a baby during childbirth.

24 week pregnancy check list

  • to refuse from bad habits
  • adhere to the principles of healthy eating (ideally, attach to a healthy lifestyle and spouse)
  • find breaks between work and household chores
  • do not be nervous
  • use hypoallergenic makeup and beauty products
  • refuse high-heeled shoes (for the prevention of varicose veins, tendon injuries and ligament injuries, to avoid falls)
  • use means against stretch marks
  • decide on the maternity hospital (if this has not been done before)
  • write your “birth plan” (your wishes about how you would like everything to happen) and discuss it with your future dad

Good advice for the future dad

Show interest in visiting the doctor's wife, learn about her condition and development of the baby. So you will always understand what difficulties your second half faces and help her, support and together you can make a decision if you have to hold family advice regarding treatment (if necessary), hospitalization and so on.

Read on: what happens in the 25th week of pregnancy.

24 week of pregnancy: what sensations are happening

Half of the gestation period is already left behind. Since the fertilization of the egg, its implantation to the wall of the uterus and the last menstrual flow, global changes have begun in the female body, including hormonal changes. All this was necessary in order for the entrenched embryo to successfully grow, develop, and after a certain period of time be born.

In the first trimester, all these changes were accompanied by unpleasant manifestations of toxicosis and emotional instability, now, the state of the woman has returned to normal. It is not for nothing that doctors call the second trimester of carrying a fetus the calmest of all pregnancy. During this period of time, Mommy feels just fine, her movements are still free and light, and her stomach has grown, but not too big yet.

At the twenty-fourth week of pregnancy, a woman begins to notice rapid mass gain. From this period there is a threat of gaining excess weight as a result of an increase in appetite, which is increasing every day. It should be noted that the increase in weight by this period should be no more than 5-6 kilograms.

The normal state for this period is excessive sweating, weakness and drowsiness. To cope with these negative phenomena, you should relax more and not forget about leading an active lifestyle.

In the mornings and evenings, a woman may notice swelling of the upper and lower extremities, arising from the slow work of the kidneys. To reduce the possibility of edema to a minimum, you should drink less and limit salt intake. If the swelling is significant, you should immediately consult a doctor, as these symptoms are evidence of serious kidney problems.

Some moms mark the release of colostrum from the mammary glands. Not everyone is faced with a similar phenomenon, but this is absolutely normal, because in this way, the breast is preparing to produce milk to feed the future baby. To eliminate the discomfort caused by the release of colostrum, you should use a bra strip.

Problems and threats deadline 24 week of pregnancy

Due to the rapid growth of the fetus and uterus, near the end of the second trimester, the growth of the abdomen is noted. If in the first trimester it remained flat for quite a long time, then at the twenty-fourth week of carrying the fetus it will not be possible to hide it even behind loose clothing. Since this period, the growth of the abdomen becomes rapid, leading to the emergence of various kinds of problems.

Due to the stretching of the skin, the thighs and abdomen are exposed to stretch marks, which are preceded by severe itching. To prevent their occurrence, you should read the use of special cosmetics from stretch marks from the first month of pregnancy.

Slight pain in the sides and the lumbar region also appears. They are associated with stretching of the uterus as a result of its growth. Such pain is quite tolerable and passes quickly. Because of the rounded abdomen, the future mom feels discomfort while sitting and lying, so it becomes more difficult to take a comfortable posture.

The growth of the abdomen is also reflected in the gait of the woman, she becomes like a duck. This is due to a shift in the center of gravity, fatigue and pain in the back and lower limbs.

Enlarged uterus

The uterus continues to grow and squeeze the organs in the pelvis. Compression negatively affects the digestive tract and bladder. A woman often runs to the toilet, and she has problems with defecation. She has heartburn and flatulence, and hemorrhoids can develop on the background of constipation.

All of the above problems are amenable to adjustment, besides, it should be noted that they are temporary. To eliminate them, you need to adhere to a special diet, and for constipation, take a mild laxative that can be drunk for pregnant women, as it will not harm the baby.

Discomfort and pain

Pain and discomfort arising at this time, most often associated with an increase in the uterus. Often they affect the abdominal region, lower back, lower limbs, temporal and occipital region, as well as the anus in the presence of hemorrhoids.

If the pain can be tolerated and they are not acute, then you should not worry about it. But if they begin to increase, it is better to seem specialist. At this stage there is a threat of miscarriage and premature birth. They can be avoided if you carefully monitor your condition, because it is not always possible to save the baby, who was born prematurely.

SARS and fever

Few women in the situation manage to avoid colds, since one or another period of pregnancy necessarily coincides with the peak of the epidemic. The greatest danger, the illnesses of colds, are carried in the first trimester of gestation when the fetus is only entrenched in the uterus and any negative impact can lead to spontaneous abortion.

A period of twenty-four weeks is a calmer time when the possibility of miscarriage is minimized. However, if the cold is not stopped in time, it can adversely affect the development of the fetus. It is for this reason that it is important to begin treating it when the first symptoms appear.

If the condition of the future mom is stable, she can visit the therapist in the clinic on her own. But, if she feels weak, there is an ache in her bones and her temperature is elevated, a specialist should be called to the house. To alleviate your condition, in addition to drugs, you can use traditional medicine, which are represented by inhalations and gargles based on various medicinal herbs. It is also recommended to drink in large quantities raspberry tea, berry fruit drinks and milk with honey.

If the temperature readings do not exceed 38 degrees, they should not be beaten down, but when the temperature rises above the norm, an antipyretic should be taken, which the therapist will advise. Of the safest antipyretic at this time, paracetamol should be preferred.

After recovery, it is necessary to avoid crowds of people in order not to get sick again. In order to help your immune system recover, you need to spend more time outdoors, lead active lifestyles and ventilate the apartment.

Vaginal discharge

Vaginal secretion in the twenty-fourth week of pregnancy is almost the same as it was before conception, the only thing that changed was its profusion.

If the discharge is brown, yellow, greenish, cheesy, and there is an unpleasant smell, you should immediately consult a doctor. Not normal discharge with bloody streaks and a large amount of fluid in them. They are evidence of an inflammatory process, problems with the placenta, or leakage of amniotic fluid.

You can also find out what problems and threats accompany 25 weeks of pregnancy, how the baby develops and what he does, and much more. All the necessary information you can find in this article.

24 week of gestation: Fetal development

At this stage, the fruit can be compared in size with corn. His height is 21 centimeters, and weight 530 grams. At the period of 24 weeks of pregnancy, the child is rapidly ripening the internal organs and all life support systems. The baby has not yet gained weight, and his skin is wrinkled and has a reddish tinge. Subcutaneous fat has just begun to be deposited. After a few weeks, the baby will start to gain weight, his cheeks, lower and upper limbs will become plumper and the skin will brighten.

The brain on this period develops very quickly. It weighs about a hundred grams and is dotted with a variety of convolutions. At the completion stage is the formation of the cerebellum and midbrain. But even at the beginning of fetal development, the brain of the embryo weighed only two grams.

Bones continue to develop and strengthen. The same happens with the muscular system. A child at this time is already well pushed in the womb, grabs the umbilical cord, tumbles, moves his limbs and turns. He established a cycle of wakefulness and sleep. Sleeping baby is now from 16 to 19 hours a day.

The lungs begin to prepare the crumbs for an independent breathing process. The alveoli begin to synthesize a surfactant that allows the lungs to open up at birth and the first breath of a baby. If the pregnancy ends in preterm labor, then by placing the baby in a incubator with special equipment, you can save his life and allow the lungs to develop completely.

The face of the child is already fully developed, he has facial expressions, depending on his mood. Eyebrows and eyelashes are clearly visible. At this time, the crumbs of receptors mature, it can already distinguish tastes, react to light and sound. If you bring the lamp to the mommy's belly, the fruit will turn to the light and stifle the eyelids.

There is a tab of the inner and outer layer of the skin. An individual pattern is formed on the palms and fingers of the baby, which will later become his personal identification mark.

Analyzes and studies in the 24th week of pregnancy

By this date, the woman should have already passed two triple tests: for the level of free estriol, hCG and alpha-fetoprotein protein, as well as two ultrasound examinations. Before the planned visit to the antenatal clinic, the future mom will need to pass a urine test, a general blood screening and a blood serum test for the glycemic index. On examination, the gynecologist will also take a vaginal smear.

UAC will allow the specialist to monitor the health of not only the pregnant woman, but also the fetus, by examining the erythrocyte, leukocyte, reticulocyte, platelet, hemoglobin, and hematocrit characteristics. They will eliminate anemia and the development of inflammatory processes in the body.

With the help of urine analysis, the doctor monitors the kidneys for which double the burden. A glycemic index allows you to identify the presence of gestational diabetes, as well as provide for the risks of its development.

Ultrasound in the 24th week of pregnancy

An ultrasound scan for twenty-four weeks is not a routine procedure. It is made from the twentieth to the twenty second week. But if the gynecologist suspects the child of the presence of pathology, he will send Mommy to conduct an additional procedure.

During ultrasound, the doctor will listen to the fetal heartbeat, see if his development corresponds to the gestational age, examine the already formed organs and diagnose his suspicion. Mom should not worry ahead of time, because for doctors this procedure, albeit an additional one, is a reinsurance.

Mom, on this period the uzist can tell what sex her baby is, and also show it on the monitor of the device, and if desired, take the first picture of her child.

Nutrition at the 24th week of pregnancy

In the twenty-fourth week of gestation, the same nutritional regimen as before should be followed. The menu should be rich in fruits and vegetables, cereals, bread, pasta, greens, olive oil, nuts and beans. Also in the diet should enter the meat, cheese, fish, sour cream, eggs and yogurt.

From it it is necessary to exclude alcohol, sweets, spicy salty and pepper dishes, semi-finished products, baking, strong tea and coffee. High-calorie foods do not carry the benefits, but, on the contrary, cause a quick weight gain, while salty foods provoke the appearance of edema.

The menu should also include iron-containing foods that will prevent anemia. They are represented by beef, buckwheat, persimmon, pomegranate juice. To get vitamins you need to eat cherries and cherries, sea kale and paprika, and fiber can be obtained from fruits and vegetables. On the day you need to drink up to two liters of water and consume food often and in small portions.

Vitamin complexes

It is not always possible to get the right amount of vitamins to the body of mommy and baby from food, for this reason gynecologists write out vitamin-mineral complexes for their patients. A special need for such lecoforms arises in the autumn-winter period. The indication for such drugs is the age of mommy over thirty years and allergies, because of which you have to limit your diet.

However, before going to the pharmacy for vitamins, you should consult with your gynecologist. Only he will be able to choose a suitable complex taking into account the course of the pregnancy and the features of the body that the mom has. Taking these vitamins must be strictly adhere to the dosage.

Physical activity at 24 weeks gestation

An important role in the course of pregnancy and the health of a woman is played by her physical activity. Prolonged sitting at the computer or in front of the TV will negatively affect the health of mummies. She will have excess weight, which will complicate childbirth, pain in the limbs and back, as well as lethargy and apathy.

To keep your body in good shape, it is enough to devote time to long walks in the park. It should be noted that a five-minute stay on the street will not do anything, the walk should be at least half an hour. Also, a woman can sign up for fitness for expectant mothers, aqua aerobics, yoga or classes in the hall with a personal trainer.

The main thing is to have regular exercise and not cause overvoltage.

24 week of pregnancy: recommendations gynecologists

In order for the twenty-fourth week of pregnancy to pass without problems, the expectant mother should adhere to the following recommendations:

  • If this period falls at the peak of the flu epidemicA woman should avoid large concentrations of people and eat garlic and onions, which are good for eliminating pathogens. You also need to ensure that the air in the room does not stagnate and was always fresh.
  • When strengthening the edema of the upper and lower extremities should consult a specialist. If timely measures are not taken, this problem can turn into gestosis, leading to disruption of the functioning of the heart, central nervous system, kidneys, and liver of the expectant mother. For a child, this disease also carries a serious danger in the form of placental insufficiency and other dangerous abnormalities.
  • For a period of twenty four weeks bruises and falls should be avoided, as they can lead to serious consequences, especially if it is a bruise of the abdomen.
  • Since the baby at this time is already well hear mom and recognize her voiceShe should talk to him as often as possible, touch her stomach, stroke him and say pleasant words to the child. You can give crumbs to listen to classical music. Such interaction will help mother and child to establish a close relationship even before his birth.

To prepare for childbirth, a woman must perform Kegel exercises, which will strengthen the muscles of the vagina, perineum and lower abdomen.

Sex on the 24th week of pregnancy

The proximity for a period of twenty-four weeks should be gentle, calm and unhurried, no experiments are allowed. A married couple should not forget about the comfort and safety of the crumbs, avoiding pressure on the stomach. For the rest, no restrictions are provided.

A gynecologist may impose a ban on sex in case there are any problems with the future mom's health or there is a threat of premature birth. Also, sex can be banned with preeclampsia, a lot or lack of water, erosion of the cervix and multiple pregnancies.

Conclusion

The 24th week of pregnancy is marked not only by abrupt external changes concerning the body of the future mother, but also by the appearance of a special connection between her and the baby.

In order for the remaining waiting time for the baby to pass without incident, this connection needs to be strengthened and, of course, you should monitor your well-being and the health of the child, then waiting for him to be born will be happy and serene.

Watch the video: 2nd Trimester Q&A with Belly to Baby (December 2019).

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